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Full text of "Chronicles from the diary of a war prisoner in Andersonville and other military prisons of the South in 1864... An appendix containing statement of a Confederate physician and officer relative to prison condition and management"

CHRONICLES 

FROM THE 

DIARr OF A WAR PRISONER 

IN ANDERSONVILLE AND OTHER 
MILITARY PRISONS OF THE SOUTH 

IN 1864 

Kx|H<ricncoft, ObHorvatiuiiH, Intorriews and IWmhh 
writUju in Priuon, with HlHtorlcal IiitPtKliietion. 

Ah Ap|K'n«lix Contaiiilnj: StatoiiUMit 

of n ('4)iif<*<li>rn(c PhyHioian uiitl 

onifor Holativo to Prinon 

Coiitlitiun ami >fnnn^'m(<nt. 

BY 

JOHN UOKKtLL iNOHrHKOP 

FoTOHTiy Seventy Sixth New Yorlt Infantry. 

'^hul in A prixK) \ .»«t 
^ ' ' Mt no! alonp; 

■ ■ ' '.;..! (Th r. 



.' I'Xday. 

From Tb» Viaion of North. 



'^TO AMD COrTHlOMTtl' UT TMf •UTMOI 

WICMIT*. KAMtAC. |»o« 




DEDICATION 

In lh«- »»"I"' »>>'^* ^'''^ ^"^^* herein 
chronltUHl will Inmruct. Intere.l and 
ln»plre p»trlotliim and love for man- 
kind. thlH book In dMlciit.-l t" the 
Sont and Daughter, of Union Vet- 
•ran* "f 1^01 to 1 >•".:. 

HY THK ArTH<»K. 



rim-O P..-MI.T ^o. N -..liaT .WICHIT.. •«•••. 



PRELUDE. 

T»'arii' M«*n had no tlm<» for team 

When l>«ttl«> WRveii mllcfl fierce iin<l hish. 

Could only fifht: they had no time for feam! 
When comrades fell, could do no more than kIk^) 

rreiw to vlriory. or. If driven to d«fetit. 
I<«>w In Krl«*f when waned the battle's heat. 

Comrade* vlain were •cuttered on the way. 

On flelda. In wikmIm where waa met the foe 
That cnme to kill where we had come to alay. 

Met aa wave meeta tide In ocean storms that blow ; 
Hut men who war must not se<>k tlm* to weep, 

MuNt so whiTe duly calls, IhouRh doalh shall reap. 

Sitd visions from distajit and the yore 

Rlne In the heart and In Mid mcmorion, 
And oft some sweeter thoufcht they stand before, 

IJke shadows frlm be<llm the Veteran's eyes. 
And yet this sadnons bears swoetnoss all unfel»cno<i. 

For h-arts arc blest where truth and valor rt-lgiiod. 

Kftr o'er the distant list to battle's roar! 

Time, like a valley mend, lies 'twixt us and the scenet 
Where our fading lines shall march and fight no more. 

Nor countermarch the way that Intervenes. 
The shinlnir river lies Just on before: 

We sluiU cross, anon, where the van passed o'er. 

O. may the deeds which hlicher justice nought. 

Which sought to strengthen freedom's loftiest fane. 

Be by no recreant head, or hand, unwrought. 

To grieve the souls who for the right were slain; 

But let the work ' Iv did t>estow 

Be bullded on. r than we know! 

—J. W. NORTHROP. 



I" 



PREFACE. 

.,., »..i» ...» f,. M ifnr.. \ .■ . • « T \«. ■ ^ II . n«».itn.-,» f.i writ® 

■A 
!nio ihc nriny 1 pniciiceil ihJs ^ clr- 

:. T'Ot fr.r \i<r. j.nb!?r^v. V-ut for rtaln- 

•n^r lit Ibhi, I waa 

t. I had a bumlnjc 

.4 to iij.ilji.K a way. more or lesii 

what I dltl. PrlHon life fumlahed 

bul u!;"'iu.j ll'M for .1 " " -Inif. To avoid 

•kI ennui Inrldenl to i I made It an 

. T- write. A partly 

ul.l Kfl hold of. became 

J,. »• ••- • ' • T »'^d 

•nis* of t. 

K-..- .11 ..' y 



ire. i gni^iMMi the idea Ih.i" il 

:•'.-! Hfr to tho b«>.!v Mtv! •• .1. 

I 

•r 
I 
I 

I. 

• t. 

> I 

•«. my 

• > my 

.f 

y 

Ij; a r 

:ik of rl !e 

■ their 



PREFACE. B 

phynlral rff'ctn. 

Th- t ■'.»»< f*'-\t fnllftw^ \n n f!f!\ry of prison 1lf«* nn<1 <»vf»ntfi at 

A» ' ". antl other i' 'nga 

f I , ftlncoN. atiil >ni- 

llon l'-» llic Lr.l'U In.-, a : 
unusual Incldontfl an<l of imt 

of bnivo f - . . , ^ 

pha»«« of ^ ' of 
ens-'* • ' 



:^«! an<l nurvjvcil 

wor«o than war, 

•itntif'i w«i. vveiiiuiilly will follow com- 

• I iU'f-m It a hiRhly patriotic duty to 

J*; the lot of but f«*w to record, 

U th«» public. H«T«» \n chronlcUv! 

wi 

of 

ca ' all the perl In and i 

b<' .. " ...Miirv It) the w "■ f- 

ni • • • Ijfe In ! 

It' ■ ■••>uN AH .: '.)\K IZl ■< 

an. : lyrdom. 

If ! motive 

or ->• I In-Ill MiU iuiw bt-«-ii . If they 

tr i^-h tfv hf'ft^'r. If th. , literary 



qti 



iHoly dotnilinir important 
t'loctlon 
f which 



• \*- wriltfn Into life. 
B«i ■ *' ' • '■• •-••'it would 

b«- ThouRh 

b. 'f tnith. 

t. of proffresN. The past links the future to that still 
thnt mn-rt rvnlve out of tho pnni element<t ff^r hotter 
bt. » be. T» of the • ve: 

Ih. They a .., fh*» •'h wv 

•r it. The 

ha ope for. • 

n<'' ••: 'U'' .irii.y 

Of r done. 

I .'4 1 » i-.i;" i,»>«- j>.»Kr"-'i Kii.it- iiif !•• •« I iiiiiiiK '•( the Chron- 
iicJes. co\*erlnff less Ihsn a year, but they are history written coa- 



C PRKFACK. 

t» II : remain Inert? The value nn«l vltul- 

t'\ late; lt« virtues arc ever new. M«»n 

they do for the true greatness of their country will 

Men Mhu fouirht on the other Hide, lacked not valor and en- 
•luninre. W'v «lo not. In any Meniie. hold th^m r«Ij>5*M^ for the 
horntm Wf NurTrred In prlnon. They are our re 

« Itix.-im of the I'nitin. The benefits of its pr- rs 

.!•« t: ' ■ n for It we fought for iii.in. In i»>\ing 

• nir 

"•^ptirt of Dr. J * ' . - 1 ..yg 

to |>: . th<'in In a \ c, 

l.v \1. .,.,,. .,f • 

,,f 

t. 

and hin ' • wan It, 1. 

I'^f't '1 iK'es In II tie 

cundUiun ui i>nt>onci» and the wIckednciM of our prison 

UicJilln. KanHiis, J. W. NORTHROP. 

June 4. 1904. 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION— PART I. 



HiSTORICAL INTRODUCTION 



CAUSE AND EVENTS LEADING TO CIVIL WAR. 

TV- . UHt' of ih«« t'lvJl \\'.»r w.iM f*i;i\«ry. Afri<aii Hlav«Ty In 

wuji un fntullineiil coining IhruuKli inuiiy yeurH 

■ff ftfht-r I'mkIm. Ii wiiM un offMprtiiK of burbarlsiu. 

Before the beRliinltiK uf any movement 

•t«>ni the rule of Kuropeun powem, ittf 

t»-d from ihoKe countries, wim 

men of tliiil time. It was one 

"I ' ' ■ !. an the era of Inde- 

|M»i I it8 lnrorn|>atlbillty 

wit .... ;.....• approached for ItM 

em .-re the Torle« of the Revolu- 

ti. ,;|on. In the formation of the 

an In the ArtlcleH of Confederutlon. they 

> be left untouched, that some provision for 

Urn I be titc«>r|>omte4l In that inMtrument. Contrary to 

th» M of th«' authors of the dot umeiit the desire was 

of all It Till all classes was hif(hly 

iitual ui ■■•K that Its abolition would 

• II." Slavery was re- 

'•al or social signifi- 

ip>\v ami when, was an 

i it was a cliiss Interest. 

uont In which e<iuality of 

made It seem plausible 

in Its control be inserted 

tn lh« Constitu' '* compromise authorised Conirress to 

IMUM n Iriw for ■ • ry of j-.rr^nns hr-If! to sorviro In one 

■tn' -'l Conicress 

rr«>- I'l as slaves 

uni a way for other 

«lei -ntation In Con- 

Hfi ix'pm.ni"'!!. \\n'..n %%.»?♦ K'runted aa a com- 

pr- I for full representation. 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION— PART !. 



Ii . «*lcven stateB 

|,: »•>• tho tcinp- 

ot luii to strike out 

f,. T. N*>rth «':«roHna 

ai ■' 

(' 

f. 

I.. 

h 

U ■- 

t. : but for which Bhivory would 

ha i: .\tl.iliTl<- S! i!.-». As It Wn« 

slnv<>o' w.. I the traffic 

In i«!av. «« V writ rirr^ulred 

n* in iJu' t.irl:. ' the 

It. IIx<h| by ih. of 
•ltt\t . 

In •• government 
fr. 

JuMt'ce of tho United Btntes 

c- 

r . . . '. 

I) Ho BHid: "A hard necessity, 

li • vilji of slnver>' for a time. It 

%« while we were In a 

pt iM««nlv removed. Tet, 

V > and 

r ef. 
f. 
r 

W ' 

r- ■- *^ • ••♦. ♦- ••*; 

f ! the utmost of his power, tbe 

W : ■ 

This WAS aaid by n ' and llvlnir In a slave 

Btatc. but who, In later ■ vc to the slave power. 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION— PART I. 



nni] thirty-nln« 

Of 

"It tnumt I 

by th*» wr 



or 

V 

h ■ 

!>• 

!•• 

Ill- 

alrMidy tx 

with a alii 

over lh« « 

Thouirh H 

c«- - 

T 
N 

F; ». 

From the hour 

T! 

r« 

l< 

T 

t- 

c- 

»i 

I 

• '■ 

Y 

tr 

t-. 

tr 



yean after, at Chief Justice, declared to the 

\\\:\X nil'. .•r\ h'li! i-^irv rlirtif ln thc T«-f ' ' ' "t '< ** 

lilt no «' 
He. HIa i 
. awny, " waa lutiK before wlpetl out 
of f1l^/'tj^i»!on of poliflea looking to 
. thua brlng- 
V 

of ita frieiula 

d In 1845. of 

!f were free. 

lorrltory hn»l 

' •• rxll terrl- 

ill terrl- 

• •url had 

Trrntory. ita adniiaaion to the Union 

1 iit thia time, cauaed Rrrnt oxcltement 

to oilay. 
Line, ex- 
In terrl- 
o Coaat. 



the C'ompromlae Act 
very north of fho Cnw 



would <: 

« - ^ ...fi l>een a^K ••-•-■» •-. 

of the firat conceaalon. thc conflict became Irre- 

to alavery for aordid reaaona. 

v.ry In the North, Moba were 

a led by men of Influence. 

; i-oy antl-alavcry literature. 

h .md condemn Juatlce. North- 

and lhrenl<»ned hv Southern 



In thi* South. 

i,..t v><!.'. .... I 

ned until the movement affulnat alavery 
' In the South 
ah— 



of the c 

; qu(«t«* a 



imnnM.l.ir. 



i.< i.irioua 



;toric'al introduction- part i. 

n will he iii»nrr<! tliclr 

!»'*'v wMl novcr return 

rime by belnff 



ii 



(Hrmtiution |tjiH»«*<i at a public meeting In n church at Clinton, 
MlMi.. Sept. 5. lX3r>.) 

•*I.«et no AboiltfonUt come within the bonlerp ■ - 
line: If we catch him • • • we will hnng him." 
ton In I'nlted Stated Senate. June 4. 1838. 

"The t>eop|e of the North must Ro to hanclnc the fanatics If 



e at H 
and c<>i 



thoy TSouM not l<»v. :* 
I»««I»«"i><l u|»<>n It N 
lucriitlve tru«l«' wit.'. .... . ■■ 

Ab<*litlonliitii will prevent f 

Henr>' A. Wine. Iat<'r t»i. 
Brown In 1R59 for hl»" 
acrlbed "I>up<»nfii b4'nt ^ 
for "Abolition fanatlcii." 

Rev. T. S. WIthfrBiHwn. Alabama 
Itor of the Kmanrlpjitor: "I>»t your • 
and I pronilne you that your fate wi 

Rev. William Plummer. D. D.. 1: 
other rieriomen. In 18S5: "Let the " 
they will be cauRht If they come an 
care to stay away." 



\ lh«» Kind of tr. 
• I to N'-.rTh.rr,. r^- 
FuKitiVe • 



do It. • • • 

• their present 

'V thousand 

' UT.f Tohtl 



wrf>Te W T. OnrTl!»nn ed< 



Va.. \" ..f 

-^ts undr t 

and they v. iii i.ike 



" ••>""-— d 

-. . . :. :n 
:id tM and 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION-PART II. 11 

,,»f V. ).!.». It V. .- I...1I... .. I »»uTc could be no comiK-tlllon 

ki«t for the rhief proiluctH of 

;'ii.l th«- lioii,,. lU'inaiul for 

iVf (Iculeni 

- at South- 

t)t<-> luulil \tv kl(Inu{>etl. 

puttllo Me II 1 1 till* Ml ufraliist 

Hi! '.•. mIuvo IruiltTM bfiiiK «irlven 

fn'i ! from our itortit. Hut um an 

iv ( iMilii)U**<l a Krowinic 

k^fly ll»«» prfHM un<l pulpit. 

ItH Muliv«>rMl«iti. Itn chief 

.1 InterfMtM in tin? Kreat 

fflally It wIfldiMl II (>ower 

N«.' 

a tariff on tm|K>rle<l roo<Iii uim.m1 by 

M»ni» wftr i«tr»*nu«iUN for frrt* exchanK** of thflr 

•« Nt»t hfInK «*uc«««MMful In Mecurliifc free trade. 

•ni larice lni{>ort**rM In New York. 

lore. An U ftequence thoHe centerM 

III November. IH32. South l^irollnu 

llify the National Tariff \mw and to 

■II tiie Tnlon. The nuivenient wan aban- 

• • of the firm mand taken by PreHldent 

'^ i..<rr 1 . .. w ,.,,! hliehfr r«iiiMl<leratloni«. 

iiiatiufa<*turlnK. furnlithed 

1 for labor. Manufactur- 

liiK th. aKrIculture Improved und 

• T* In *he North while slavery 

Ut the South. iepelUM |>opulation and capital. 

ii»f lx» vr»»«»ntl»i»»f>f. mn««t Iw promomted though 

r,',\ S«>uthern rulers; 

>rlnK iMiJitical renultii. 

In 

lid 

••1 l^l.lWI* IM-IIIK 

inliient to iilave- 

. Ih.in It. IHGO 

'IIH. 

tah 
: y. In effect re- 
ave iiectlonii eH- 
Act of 1820. The 
lit to control the Ex- 
ini L.-^i*.! 1 1 1 \ .• I.I iiiifM i>f Kovernment than 
••w territory for iila\ery. In lSi4 the Kani*u4- 



urr I. 



A 
rr 
lila\«r\ 

tonsiun of 

th ^•>> • ' 
!• 

«!• 

I! thcHe wordii of L>incoln. uttered at the llllnolH 

S n tn Junn. 1^'.<?- 

' Htaixl. I bi>IU-Vf thiM 
K' If Hliive mill half frf«v 

1 Jo ijut Lxjcci ihf li-luii lu Lc Lil>s"l\cil. I «lo not oxtKCt Ih. 
hotiH** to full, but I do exi>ect It will ccaKe to he divided. It will 
I.. thlMK. t»r jiU Ihe other. Kllher th. 

h ••Nt the further Mitread of It and i 

t' ' M reMt In the » ' ' " t It In li. ... ■ 

ij or llH advo< I'UbIi It f«»rward till it 

»*' '.'.fill In nil 1.. . . .' M, old a» well aa iicw. 

N 

s.-wnrd .it n..< h. wt. r. X. Y.. dechirod thtit 
i»" t "an Irr- Netween the N ". 

;i ' -.r thf* rt \\]:h th*- S" .• '. 

II 
I- 
tl.jj. iL \\ b. • 

The V. il War vran slavery: the occasion, aeces- 

*!•--' • " ■" • '• ^ ■-. ' " .: 

II 
ij 

Ir 
t- 

f' 
^■ 
\' 



. it by 
l- - was at; 

by the ruish and fa.iuilkul utUon of the South. 



lii.«.i..UlCAL INTRoDT-. -• - ,.»m',.i jj 



EVENTS IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING ELECTION OF 1860. 

Thr i i»jii at ll' 'o 

nn4 nt •' • «r. !•» n ' 'ic 

K It V.llll- 

: .• concl8oly 

IT. 

wftn Hectotl PreMltloiit. Novfinber 6. 1860. 

— ' • ' •^' '• • . 11..;. ^ ^ , South 

tiutive 

:•• on 

Ma 

I y 

1. ls«ii; VtrKintu. Aprii 17. Ih61; 

ft«» Mny *). iv«?i Norfh Carolina. 

f r.ov- 

. public 

.11 r..r ih- u'loptlon 

foriiml act of secefl- 

n !« ' • 

■nt Duchannn sent this note to hlfl 

I P^ntl you n tt-leicnim which I have lhl« 
mo: Ti.ui I'lt f ♦«j.iirir (Th.- f. ;. ^'i.itii rt-ad afl follows): 

I tent to traniifer 
uH In this city to 

.Ml • • • by 

!«Tir>.Tn'1*H!. We 

be 

s.) 

At' er 

A.I J»- 

of 
yd 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTIOK— PART U. 



l.rig.. !,.- ... ;. 
In Ihf F«»«l»Tiil 
■trvyliiir It. 

Four iiuMitha later 

h ,lf ..f \,! t-l- 1 . r. Hif 
li 



In a frw 

r wnji It 
:> ' iriir In vlotikt lot, <•! 
(!ii\ frnnirnt for tht 



Rohcrt K. I.,c«' 

.• ! >s I •........•1 



uftfr th< 



nt of t 


h> 




I anil 


J 






«• of 


dv 


i> fu>K>«*iiiiion of 


one 


, !• th. 


,• !• S 


r«'i.' 



th«-r«' frtun otli- Two dayii befcjte purrtMulcniiK hiM luni- 

ntlmilon to the : lithorlty I><*e wrote thin letter to hl« i»on 

"I can untli-liniU- j.o greater calamity for the country than the 
dissolution of the I'nlon. It wmiM lu» i»n nrruinulatl«»n of nil the 
evils we rtMnplaIn of. I art k' but 

honor for lt« i»renervatlon. ."- in«Ti* 

of the CotlMtltUtloti lU'V«-r exri iu>^i .-i ^i> iini«ii i.iix.r. wi.sj.iin unJ 
forUearatu-i*. uixl MurromuUMl it with ho niiiny KUiinlM and Hecurl- 
tt'-^ ' • \\j»» intei)«l«-<l to be broken by every nteniber of the 
r V at will. It was lntende<l for perpetual union. w> 

IX. . m the preamble. an<l for the extabliMhment of a gov- 

ernment, not a compact, which can only be dlHHolved by revolu- 
tion, or the roHHent of the tHHipl«* in convention. It ii« Idle to talk 
tif He* enttion! Artarchy would have be«*n extiiblishfd. and not 
Kov«*rti>n**nt. by Waiihinifton. Hamilton. Jeffermm. Mudliion and 
the other patriots of the Revolution." 

And yet he violated his oath to sustain that government and 
that I'nion. to »i«»ek Its overthrow by exerting ft power no other 
man In the South coubl exert, his sole excuse 
Stat«>. <ir a major part of It. had taken n di< ' 
about the fcri>atent "calamity" that could be 
lountry. Secession was anarchy In h^^ >»..... 
took U|» thf Hword of anarchy and <• 
had attempted to break a Tnion i.. 
Its founders, saying at last that ' 
rather than to loyalty to the r<> 
p<]ucHte<l him to be one of Its deffinifrs. 

Shortly after the Inaugural ion of T.lncoln. John C. PreJtei 
rIdge. who. as Vice-President i> .-nl of t» 

clare«l that the eleitlon of Llnc«il .1, and h 



Itrlgadler 
the wnr 
atioth<T f 
nieiit. fur 



being that his 

i to bring 
I. tt> the 
t . I>ut he 
hiH State 
!..'k.h by 
itlon 
! and 







MionnJ 


1 

I 






close of 




■0. 


This 1 


H 


r II 


•ur 


govcri 




of 


th 


" 1 1'l 





jRl^kjM>n. fnv 


ernry. 


but 


Or - 


■ ' 


m\ 




of 




Tr 




holder. 


sntl 


pinvrry 


. Ih. 


In 


Juru', 



HIHTORICAL INTRODUCTION— PART II. 15 

On ' ■ ■" 1861. by a factional convention at RusiioU- 

vllle. h. by onllnnncr. diH-larM out the Tnlon. 

ajfn" ■• - -■ • "ifta. The Ptiite AdnilnlHtration aa- 

Nii •< rwutrnllty rouM b<« practical, al- 

th' '•e Kenturklann In both tho Union 

an ' •* Th« preponderance of popular nentlment 

¥i«i- more than S to 1 and Ita reprefi«»ntallon In 

CoiitfrvMi viatt itmiiiialne<l. At the beKlnnlnic of tho war. f;overnor 
Maffuffln. wtt« u Heceiuilonlat and cliiiulcnllnrly aided Seces- 
•lonlata. 

Mlaaourl waa irr^ntlv convuta«d. Ita Governor. Claiborne F. 
I «leclare<! for the Southi-rn Confed- 
!iie to the wlndoni and courage of 
.1. I ..ihfru a formal act of nocennlon waa 
-nt pro|H»rty wived and virtually the loyalty 
...1. 
I wan dlvlde<| by fearful afrltatlon, but CJovernor 
If!, ks u.m ntronKly for the I'nion. though a nlave- 
* of much fM'ceanlon Inclination on account of 
.<xl for the Union. 
IsCl. Wentern Virginia, (now Went Virginia), loy- 
ally repudlale<l aeceaalon. formed a new State govt^rnment and 
rvmalne<l Utyn\ and waa recognlxe<l by the government and con- 
tfibute<l to the natloruil cauae. Such waa the action uf the slave 
Stalea, 

¥U\ch Htate Convention In Statea where aeceaalon un«iuall- 

fle^lly t '• ' " • ' -" ' •" "• ' - the relation between th*- Stale 

and of I government; cho«e membern 

to thf ' hit met at Montgomery. Ala., 

on February I. l^Kl. with H- '. of t»eorg|ji. nn Prealdent. 

Cobh h\-\ r>-iilgno<| from the I < iblnet aa Se<"retary of the 

Tr "ft bankrupting It. ti. ln-ct.me prominent In the a^cea- 

al«. ..'nt. In arr.-pilng th«' ponitlon he de< lare<i the aecea- 

alon Iff lliv South "a flK«H| and lrrevi>cable fact, an<l that the 
•tfpamlion la conifilet# nn<l fM*r|M>tuul." 

• itlon of Lincoln, the Con- 
f»" of rebellion, had been or- 

»•' *• ' tgomery. aj»»iumlng to 

V* N. On K«'l»ru;iry Sth. 

t!i' .... ..; \Ur |,r..< imi... .i goVfrn- 

ment. on tho ?th It on Davin Pr- id Alex- 

ander H. Strphonn •. of the Coi ' . . on the 

10th I>nvl» \M\n Itmugumted with Impoalnff ceremonies, and a 

full Unhlnrt jipI^'fritM 

I Note. In -• no State had withdrawn from 

the Union fur t; iil>o»c a SUlc In our Republic, 



1<? HIPTARtrAMNTRnniTTION— PART H. 



In i>*»r»on« 

:iii1 were 

r«J Ihr 1 -'-'l the 

•v! fh«« -'1 nt 



•n 
• M 

.1- III t loi.ii ton 

I 

I t,i..t, South 

IMnk- 

Ntand 

•I nnd 

Jrtck- 

lh«* IiiiUhJ StulfH alitfiHti ill SiiValtluth, t-ia^ were 

•iiry 1 !'?<;! K'»rt M'>rjrM!i iit Mobllo. Wit., and Mt. Ver- 

iiit of urinM aiul ammunition: 

.1 nt 8t. Auf^UHtlne. iiIho the 

' ity 9. the SIaf 

r Fort Sumter. 

T muary 

Jan- 

l Fori 

ry 12. 

and 

ta 

•I: 

.UllUl- 

-*. I>e- 

niiu.ii.a ■ s val- 

• r <»f m- I dis- 

lU" Ht.i-' or Texnii. 

• V. John \V. KM is bc\zo<\ 

• n 

■ ■■■■ . ■ H. 

Kock. Ark^ with many cannon and small 

full Into tho hand* 

'r.nr !r Klwanl A. 

I side. 

theae 

. War 

. after 

• •:i i"^in, M .i< ii.-.i Is.".'"..., 1 .Mi.U'i f» ^■ IT' tii-ni amount! 



HISTORICAL INTROOrCTION-PART n. 17 

to n cor.feiMilon of trenchrry as h© had a position In the De- 

IMirtmrnt. 

It In n«M»n that war hii'! ' ' '"* 





■I A b> 


Hi- lu.irHh- 




Thin 


fiirt Hh'uil.l 

fCOV- 

l re- 


KIM 

.1 1 




Bu- 

•Irlfl 

Hanctlon- 

Events 


Ull 


or A 


Jarknnnlan 



I- 

|tr<ivr^l thnt n 

ivri!».v In ft i».- ive crlnin. wnuM have 

!<• !lvo. It wouM have re- 

»i aa to powtT. Influonce. 

!• I that a vant 

I lui'l Ifuchaiiai) 

» ij I. or four times 

t' to a call to annn 

f iry. an quickly as 

I anti their equlp- 
I 

wnn not were traitom In the Cahl- 

•* In <' •• 5Tv!rr. rvyinpathlzers In 

i service. Yet 

« 'Inic the terrl- 

*• • «< llie KovornmcMit 

»* ' the exlraonllnjiry 

•'• * • by what 

I !. A call 

t riotic re- 

"i • of such 

'• !i pro|>or- 

t' 'lea or enUinK the war 

I' 1. 

i.ut for the firing on 

J^' h?<v#» h*»/»n r'»T''»fMllv 
•' ■ 
1 • 
n- 

I 



.U.ry 



18 
f.. 
I.. 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION-PART H. 



M have h«^n 

huvc dr!.i«-l 

4 ii« unwls'ly 



\ know J! iti 
I? 
I» 
It 
V ' 

\' 

«•<■ 

COlifllcl. iniiH.v.rfsriliiK «Mn.:ii "I 

•rchy. 

\i - •■ ' "■ - - • - - ' 

the !•! 

nny rlnun 

pie nrul !<>> 

Ihnt uiipnrall«»l«»»l t>cc«iiion. 

An It wan the w^rk of r«in 
conflncatlon of nan '-rt 

le»t to the clone of i . •» 

coln'H term the Slave (.onfui 
harder to nubdue than at • 
It'. ' 



r>t« •iiiluT wh.il f«.M-f.H'«i«»n meant. 

l.lre. 

1 to 



t.. I..- M..o.iy 

•4 of drIftlnK. 

iii'ui ;iii'i .n»lrucllve an- 



quent by the nlave power or the 

y prrHVMMleJ without official pro- 

Uni««. HO at the hoR-iimlnir "f Lln- 

^ n'»mlna l and 

The •« of 

• • iM»ii< \ Mill lit I per- 

ifadiiifc to the final 



he wan I'reHident. Il«* \viii« 

Like clay he wan in««i '• i t.. 

by loyal people wh 

subvert or <1. strrjy i- 

for c< iiervfMl to k.li 

kill. l: \ Tnrv!*» ft cl-.r 

no terntA of t . 

Cffpted bv thp s 

t> 

ji ■ 

f 1 1 < t i I 

iier\'e<l to ■ 

ClaiMM*" v 

had ( 

T 
r-" • 
!• 
I 



•ion a plot to 

t.. the North 

tiiiif •■ read to 

M't.r ; ,oln. thai 

Ihvj Ni'Mh uoultl be ar- 

' l>oen fioHMililo It rtnild only 

•i<»t by an 

••onntltu- 

•I^••. It only 

!i and certain 

.. « oncluHlon thnf 

•d. 

•Iin.jit Vorth thai 
them. It 
■1.! w.MiM 



lII8Tt)RICAL INTROnrCTION— PART 11. 19 

hi ■.■••■• had 

rr '">' 

pr. ' «" 

••». \ivr 

4, _ . >re<l 

111 or lh«' right lo nup- 

pr. I :iHkM the queMtlon 

%i \ power to coerce 

a .- ^ hich In nttempt- 

hu. it. from tho Confed- 

er "Aft»*r much BHrlouii 

rt-r that no Huch power 

h:i -r dfpartineiit of the 
K. 

' Kuiit.i!ncd by Attorney Oenonil Hluck. nn 

Of •■•' ' i^.-.vii. «. f . ...,-f n.i»,,nft| law. but 

U| 1. The MieH- 

nii. '<.MlKn«'d a» a 

Ju- I id favoriMl meanM wJiereby 

It V ««ry\vher»«. n |»««nal offenfie 

li» it ln'caim** fn'«* i»p«H'ch waH 

mu\ alHo be Hllenced in free 

Hi i!ir fii' . v'.. I ••xpanHioniHt nhould have 

"f» fVfrywh.riv "' !i.id no rifrhtn white men 

i»' • ' itej* 

N« . .i i i.-iM .i.-.-i i II. 11..!.: In 

th- t hJn conviction, namely: 

Tl>- - 1 l! r.\... ..M.. fact." 

'I*'" Mon for fav- 

urlnv '■ \ . 

^»" 1 1 htnttirir paK«* than that 

^•••' '• I'nlon In onb-r to per|>etu- 

**' •• which. If HiicceiMful. 

"»' ' v\ N«» p*»r»pl*» fu\ mitt- 



u»t- 
^tly 



ui 

la I 

a* ' 

th 

N. 

nivn and i- 

than drift . 

Htatra. If why that, he was treated 
aa a traitor 

Nunnl . ,j^,l told that necesiilon waa 

revolution ly a„j cxlenalvely estubllsh 



■:o inM«.iu« .M. i.> ION— PAUT II. 

humnn »t!nvf»rr. n fry^f^-m «• to thMr nwn rl^hti and 

oi • 



Ih 



vor- 
• of 



11, I to 

fr. "^ 
of 

Ih. * HIack 

1^. in their 

J, the 

N.. ...uM 

whip I v.»i.i i.ijilojy u. 1. The 

South "•• th.» nillnir p* »t"-i nnJ 
nway t 
lor In 

V I •• ' oil t iiin 

b.. • rallied 

to i IKI'l i- . 

( »ur iiri to hold at- 

larWs h. ! ■ lli.ru. ! of 

Ih jced 

b> H In 

the Vkvnl wrr*" fur dtfii-ri-nl inuii now. Ci- • ott. 

Comtrrirv!or-ln-C'hl«'f. ronMl<I«-red th«* of«»!ro nrmy ) t lo 

nff • .on to H ex- 

t»- I tho P.. fter 
8>. 

C«f 

m- 

It 

w.. 

w. 

th 

A ,.pl 

Hu 1 by 

r«t 

iHrmlMirly f»vf»1*»nt In Iho 

N* 'h#» Vlr- 

if' of nn 

n*:' a. Alft- 

*>*' I threat 

OI. . Irit 

of 81- 

«>••• . •• . - .... city 

M^Mi Bttaclu and to r< t oa impoaln* aa posalble. 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION'— PART 11. 21 

y^f r) .. f..« .1 f «..,>.!. I \i iH 111? •","1 men. Thin condition 

dill nor did nuchnnan'a 

net r"''"ry of thn Snuth. 

Ion*. iifiKtofi. ill 

n^ : It to r- ■ tly 

i»d 
•d 

rit, 
- ll.im .x.'i I II- : n :: 11. ,i. : . . -. alld 

iiortii to Southern in r uho In a 

,..,.,,.., V. . . ' '»•• • ••'•■• 'I '^•"verm ..^ order alone 

tranafrrrinic 

Miv 1 Orleans wn« seized by a 

mil " specie: aiso the U. S. Custom House 

wit*. Cobb had bankrupted the treasury'. 

Floyd iiuil ti«UH«r.l ii iit*ralcatlon In the nterJor Department by 
complicity \*llh a cl*»rk. of ov<»r $1 Ofto OOO, an«! both hnd joined 
the host of treason. ' - infc the : fter 

showlnff formal couf sor. LIti. to 

■ ' ^ . . . ... Msirlct 

In the 

• v.. ...►,., ■■,-. .,..- .,, ..,...,..,,.,. vAi.ectlnif. 

it It would e'er lonir be lncori>orated In the Slave 

al and moral status 

of ' 1 of the Irate slave 

power. •d" %*e hml bt-f-n l«»ld was their rule, yet 

nothfnr ■ rotf«»n In nn f'»»i(frt! 5<»n^f». more dishonor- 

ah!- to the country. 

Htu • ry of aires, the 

plotji of tr.i Ming inor.« w i. k.-.Jiy iiAtincd and savagely 
executed Is 



CHRON1CKE8 OF A WAR PRISONER. 



CHRONICLES 

^HOM THE-: 

DIARY OF A WAR PRISONER 

OPENING CAMPAIGN IN 1864. IN VIRGINIA. 

I„ . • . , ..,..!..• \ \t., '. :: ! ; -..1 v> . l: >.. i .l.-livlit - 

ful. I; 

we hxi 

fur Nome liin««. Ii haji Uhmi in> I «»f 

May uiid flue weather, we hud i ainl 

inUil, we would have been provoked i^ult (tvit' t«i tttx liitttoiM dally. 
So thiit'M iii»thl!»K. ; hut we nhall iiiaich H«Mm. I'muhI drill fore- 
noon und •' march an hour undei 
pepper wit for examination for 
r. » .\i . •• i»Vlork drew " 

a •• ttilfi week, for my f-s 

t) inttre ratlnnx. Had a {.....- . >-.^ 

ij . ter Im K«'ttlnK i*ver>ihinK ready in !• 

f« ) . ■ .1 1 1 1 . 1 . 1 1 > I L- ) 1 1 I : . > I . • . I , ! 

|. 

»• . \ ■ 1 

o'clock we ma I ' 

M iV iTh \' HiiUthWPDt 

di- -I u( Sloiiy Muuiiluiii uiid ran ' 

I- ' hlnir rolutnn** and movlnif 1» 

t > 

\i. I 

»•; 

K- 

I 



\\ 
I 
< I iM'iter dayH. 'i • 

»■ > tJif rljfht nf J.fi 

.lit Km*. I 

IIM* out t- 



rilRONICUKa OF A WAR PRISONER. 23 

riRhC UN. Thin will hrinv our Imum of suppIlM Muth to polnta 



•. rourno 

!i<l view 

lily Htately 

. bTPH rirma 

Ml) 

t. Thoiio who h4u1 prruplen iibout throwlnic 

1 1. felt 111 ty. For an hour nn<l 

vn with ' 'Xin*-n. shirtii. hlankctM 

.11 .... ,^ ,. , ,,,i,,j „ot march In flloii 

ni' t'lc marchirifc tiresome. Miles 

or 

fell nn If nhot rlea«l: one who fell 
an -! iwv, i\. rolleil down the hill and 

|o.' It la 1 moan they Rjve aa they 

fai .ins ..fi • 1. The alcl they gret from 

c<>i t. wv can only caHt a pitying look 

ail ; JllnK. Friends api>lie<l water from 

cmul4M;t.a lu lUv Uick of n.y lu-ad, neck and breast, whl« h proved 
m r»ll«f. rapt. Hwan told me to full out but I felt determined 
not to leave the runka; threw away my woolen blanket and ffot 
better. 

*' • " -,'./... %- . .. ,...».,„ Rjvcr 

at MU were 

III i>\ siKht 

to :fj» side. 

a«* "f cattle 

b> -u^i. There was once 

m ■ 

m r.ite 

fo Th. Sixth 

<.^ 1. The poal- 

l>' ■ 'mac. In 

til romlnjc 

b.4 in the 

c« corp la 

I -1 In 

! on 
. or 
b.. >. 

by officeni and men. We feel the 

'. la on. It la the befflnnlnir of the 

re to m<K«t the enemy In reglona 

■.If iikTin:,g ru'.sily favorable to the Southern army. 



CHROKICLES <•!' A WAR PRISONER 



In Its choMtu often fortlfJe^l positions. Offlcrrt r» l our 

corps win t' .w. f>.. f •^' .t'L.k. or will be flr»t The 

ilr>- where battles are iikely to 

• t) of hostilities, he has moved 

lu ncqualnt them with It LeaJInK 



enemy U 
occur. 1 • 
forces about 
officers know 
%*an taxes. N' 
urn nt a tlm«» 



try 



^'xtural slraleKy 
! make a tie**; 
• to him. n 
K. or by our ^K 



h«n^e have many ad- 

•••mpt to crush 

wo shall find 

"f -rs and scouts. 



are nerved for the crisis. Our fate 



They 

forros In 

th.Mc fo: 

sleep. A 

Near 

Ijif.ii.try 



wh.K». It aM>v;i.i«, by Ihc 
disposed to check us today; 

thluK aM battle. We n • 

iri < 1 I rrxi !s about 4 

^ . near portlonn «'i 



fortified here and a half mile back, but 

... 1 after a few shots. We lay down behind 

two hours, taklnic rofrfshnients. rest and 

Iv i.f tr.'.iiH ;ir<» assembled In this vicinity. 

>< sounde<l aicaln: columns of 

• out by briKades. the corps 

for convenience In formlns 

Mons with the left and right 

u.iy wo move, the enemy are not 

ill Is quiet aa If there were no such 

"uly. throuKh hen- :iesses 

ni. Htrurk the ; I and 

• ■ oid battle grounds aixMjt v iiuncel- 



supply tr 



,.., ».r,.L.. ,.ff hy regiments on either side. To 

•• would pn»bably stay the night. 

with troops of all arms; heavy 

rtiller>-. no doubt 40.000 armed men. Generals 

rrn riT 1 «»tnffs arrived soon after we camped, 

staffs. General Wads worth has 

' his division and parsing a wonl 

:.s .iH go«K| natured as ever. He wears 

llsht gray horse, his gray hair cut 

• • ■ — '■ •• ■ ■ . -he 

>• 



Are 



■r th« 



woods, the trees are 
I M. T, by thousands 



^la's sake, now 

ftoiti Jhc ImO", they nre not likely to slight It 

Into the ground. Home are running through It 

: what can be picked up; others are knocking and puUlnff 

tHMnls from lU sides. U Is rwt a tiranfer to soldiers, they 



CHllOKlCLES OF A WAR PRISONER, :iS 

iixl RcbM; Stonrwall himself. 

Il wan about here the 

r for a 

some 

••■'■'ht 

'S 

, :. . h 

■ n the morning. W« 
I them. 



OPENING THE GREAT WILDERNESS BATTLES. 

l««'fore Uiiy bugles blowe<l. drums 

^«v^• At diiwn troops were moving; 

• out uuisioit liutiv lit .1. A mile out we discovered Indi- 

■f tho onomy. Mort* sklrmltth«-rH are thrown out ((6th 

of our brigade) and a battery a> ing It. 

lines move on the rlvht and left o: mcing 

'. Into thirk ^\'.'>l.^. The 

: tllU«ry that moving was 

" — * " • - to give 

Court 

It two 

: hav- 

check. 

• ore rldiDg on the hue. In a few minutes Gen- 

' f't:r ^irtiT't'l'*. fnlrrrl thrm romr.nnl*?? of the 

U ad- 

i. Ad- 

1 Rice 

: i>Iace 

Our 

UK aa 

• "'-y 

...ce 

our llr >\ but wo 

\s.M,,!s . cut roads. 

Y again ;iear<l cannon boom- 

!v VTf ■ Thf Urrs on our 

:;*: I. 

y iu.l r.kl .1 ll\. ly brunti. l.LkluK li.ric "r fL.ur I'llwoui-ra and 
•■\g the enemy. Our orders wore to advance two miles, if 



2« CHRONICLES OP A WAR PRISONER. 

I • ' ' 1 on firing niul maneuvering ever>' 

1 flat, loading luid firlny. We took 

it — 

V ^ Wimn on our riKht 

rt>ll ' • tun ll.MMM. It \\.i.S 



It uptx-Htiil ihtry httU lurtKrO uur ivli riuiik. which cut u» ull £rui 

nny MupiMtrt. 

We f«' • .iiul front 

In hrnvy t We netit 

in<*n lo flii'l t thii V V unti 

I hey never rei . •• wore <i thnn 

ten tt» out 
behind L« 

It" •» ., ...^ ,.,.,.. .^ ..,.11 

IH. That we nilKht i titul 

t lo our force the line I we 

} • men. Home of the &6th mid 

r M nn«l wi-Mt.Mi f .Kitii.-fit** ; -..mI- 

t«Te«l. let exietiii our line \\ 

bayori'-f'» JmtiMv rheerlnif. fi < 

who .' -r the rl<lK«. l»»h;t..l a ItiKt' 

we ni; )>y the rlicht flunk and file 

We IhouKl'l uuryclves lucky when we Rot out of thii* t»rrilc.. 
ment. 

We had !«• * * . ' .» - -. - .'ment > 

comiiaiilefi. 1 • we 

I ' ' i. «anie 

« .md came 

1 . L- ,,ut I 

) Into this bo«ly. An I n; t»i« > 

• t»k!"; their i»le<eii were at I'Ut I 

iduoReil to the riRht into a mirrow Rulf down an enibunktnent 
through the brunh to thf» bottom. f!e«»nlff» vhf««tHnif bulletM. and 
mK»n came up t<» t> One of tli- 

iMiyn who waji tak< ' hat or equip 

men til. 

Several buUeta came near hittlnff me during the forenoon. At 

*■ • - ... ... .- » --■ ,- -- - :'i. when a 

1 t my eye 
t .... ;. Uelow and 
i Others struck a 

'1 we ran as fast as possible 

and I- thought It the place where 



CHRniNrTr'T^Ka OF A WAR PRT80NER. 27 



oil' 




a tic In t? J where we were 


.1. 




I .1i 1 I If waH now 3 

hunifry 

::<! fact-a 

1 ulv .i h.tnltack. 

! i\n Hl»«-iif|on to 

.nt. 

ilch 


1 • 




on 


at 




>: to 


oui .... .. 


.... .....; 


the 


offlrrni i>f 


what I 1 


1 vore 


C«>iiMii!t 1 tiLT 


.1 \ ..'1' c 


1 aa 


hi- 




in Co. I) of our rejclment. 


H. 




^' froni the woodii and iiaid 


Ih. 




iry riKiil »»ul ilur." pointlnfr Jn the direction 


w. 




• nrniv An ffHr-r !Tn?Mr..nato|y rode to the 


e«l. 




iiic ua In and wo 


trt' 




1 not reucho<l the 


%»■ 




..II trw • rInK 


ai 




Xv were '.ml 


%l ! 




■ ' : ;iii 1 11. '>\ ''1 nil., the 


fk< 




U-nt that If we could 



n««' ... It. A few men were 

•n line. 

. (a more by-road). Dla- 

c«' • relurniHl. Ttwy iinnio.lliit«'ly rhaiiKcd their 

€•• 'n. W. riHivi'd aa ffiat and na rautloualy as 

|i4. lh«- \*«H»da ■ • :ll of the enemies acouta with 

W "»hot«i w^r** . I. Turning north we paaaed 

th' :nc out near u clearing. A portion 

of tit over. Dead and wound«»«| were 

a* ■ T - thernera. 

K" . From 

Ih- • i oiM i-.-rM over- 

wi In or r ijc noar the 

•«U •••' 'f ' I'Mitenant 

I'r odRe of 

Ih- K younir 

W' re or the preaence of any of 

Lr. uMth tia to ahow the way to 

CM. .me to where the road 

fo: • • «♦ n e*»fl!n p^lnt to 

I" In 

at" .cer 

In V .~. . ^.r-.r. i r.otiotrJ t.^o dla- 



28 CHRONICLES OP A WAR PRISONER. 

J 

to 

•r. 

II 

.. . . , i:..lr 

<h1 the c.iuiio. rep- 

: • Caj.t. S\v;in ftfK)!- 

cgixetl to the woman. 



SURPRISED AND MADE PRISONERS OF WAR. 

\V. } , .«. ;irr<l> Ij.ilf a mil.- J.. f..r, ^\ .• u.-re Irj the mld«t 

n. The first liMtmation we hxuJ of It wn« the 

inketii as they cocked them and I saw two of- 

li. • r!^ .11 :. to the rl}?ht of the road ahead and their lines 

r-"- •::- • '\ on tv*th ••^!e« of us. Our offl«'*»r^ were too 

• put out an Kuard 

viKh we had !. id. It 

h- 

y 

' I . >■» . JM 1 ., t ' > \\ J . < •■ i . : . i ' > i I tie 

whit h v iMi-nced to reload as we 

•;»... J- f.. I),,. »,,,,«(•,. ..( men. 

. them 

'•n luid 

• ». H 76ih N. Y.. ' arm. 

f our rnininny \\ others 

i iifl I < Hi'wrul fail In the 

e was < ■ ..t. most of the men 

• ftway < hoplf.K to escivpe. Lieuts. 

II fli'w . «'imn'M h<tr«^. Our tympany 

■ d 

■ .'1 i»ri. i'«i>i». MM|<| «.i. u)<> .ir«' «Mir n.«ii. <i«»n"l 



flrr 



k . II. ('.t.f.tia SCii .1. r....l I Mv.l.. It. tK.. t.il.l.f of 

ht 

• M 

• t *«••' thftt they wer*», we eac^rly i « 

:-^"' TV.- r. I H.T'rt- Thr. Tv-r. r.ii'i'r.f. . •« 

, otnts. :• 

"throw m 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 29 

If in in ■■ ftoii».* vv«'r«- for ninnlTjr. «;r.m.- fnr r«~nr»w!Tifr tho ftcht. 

un«lJi •' >. ili.ii •. ijum!e<l 

In our tWi: r t %vhlch 

It. u'vo 

r.t 'pa 

at to 

In- «»f- 

rtt • on 

y«. xe<I 

fr.. . .tH. 

tolMurco box i about 

to rod* to .^ >r IIIIlH 

ct>rpii In 111 • -<iUl to iiie ihiit tlu'X 

hn«l h«^n v .u. "Wo'nii recKon***! 

Ih«t. 1 na. yuuHa played right Bmart or 

^ Wi-Tv full of cavalry looking for us. They 

gt>t 

• '' • • • » ■■':■'] hpfnre 

tha kiiif? nil 

M..; ■' if h,nl 

■••t- 

!.in 

• TH 

.iiui 

i»f witlfi'. i'annon- 

the nlr nlmoitt over 

' and Lee'* left flunk 

■ .la 

gir ly 

iho 
oke of 
' . .fid 

• w, 
1 • .-.^ot 

ftiit on the 

\ by bullets 

i'»* our party. 

In wnm given 

ing by 

f mus- 

»*••..' fc' I " Mil .. ^. ,,r shells 

iKAs terrtflc. As ms .. i to be lo 



\ 



so CHRONICLES OK PRISONER. 

k' up br^iiat 
. I ho front- 

s tn.- tt.H,|,H 

ill the line of 

,.. .r fr..,,. th(* 

• •m 

u ns easily mm 
ft few minute* 
the <iuicl wftii brt»krn by nii «»uii urnt t»f llritiK clone nt hand. 
*;reiil roiifuHhti) prfViillfl; HhoutH of ilifftrewii iir<i j»htrp com- 
iniin«lii iniitKie*!; teunm with mil without r dern r -r back; 

flown the road. thr«»nirh fl*'l ! mul w«in-l fled f <»f In- 

fantry, ofncem ^! ^ " ! r.volvem. 

c:uardfi yelltHl. "l •* broken, fall In 

rtKht nnmrt. ifet •»tji "i .'.it ^ 

It wnn a m iirry time f-T um. thoui;h we reJolcc<l to nee It. 
lUtyoiwtjt In hundH of extit* I IleLcli*. Home nn cnmiced an to be 
arjxIouH to UH«' thern. We i«y ecte<l th- whole line might be 

i)>r..vv,, .lis!, .v.- I ni...n MS .'i.! ..11' » Mll.fM Itilffhl whittle UH. 

•* hnntenlnR for- 

• icnne a ro<l an 

officer came nlonK ""d In 't mild. "Sit do%vn. hoys. 

and take It c< ol." Tankn ifre of Rebn about par- 

tlculam of the excitement. \<...... .tn u^.'.oer told both parties to 

"ahut your h**Mdn. It* nothlnir b«t a A d nlnrer let a span of 
hor- •••d. The roll of 

mu- almont contin- 

■ •! .• 'i.irK u •■ * ' ^-''Ut 

• \vh«'re wo f .-ra. 

■ >.. >,,. ,i ,. ,. ■ .^s and Li. 1-. .-...*«-. ..i..i lay 

■ the nlRhl. It dark, and we were closely 

^ md not allowed !■ ., ... lo the iruarda. 



BEHIND THE ENEMY'S GUNS ! f r anp i ns r,c;T reeT. 
Friday. May «th. 1R64 Ip at : «iulte 

\\.ii Th«- "out.! >'{ »•..!''•• A ».» In !n very 

t frofin hat tie ground. I>ead cav- 

', ..ijr mt tsT r.Tir n- r, t.ury them. 

A» •ti*>of(i>t 1 '.. mov- 

Ins clone to .. •cl and 

stall osil al UtttivruJ Lvu m hcaUiiOa-rUrn, a. hui.UrcU >ards distant. 



CIIRONICLKS OF A WAR PRISONER. 81 

Thr fore part of Iniit nlicht >i**vorul Imltorlon were hurried pa«t. 
nonl. I think, to Leen right. I think thin tarly nichtlnic In to facll- 
Itnte a nwvrnicnt by our Irft winjf around I^e'n rlRht. Hard to 
(ri water. Th««y let a few rnen out with cnnteenH under minrd. 
When Lonjjitreet returned to hia column he wim arcom- 
|mnl«d by Oeiieral I^h*. A nhort tlm<* thfy iitoo<I toKether dli- 

iM <»n the other wide of 

►: to battle. Gmve con- 

... M >v i^ ..,. ..i... .1..- .,. » .i,. . ... ; • ' •" I felt opprewied 

with thr ftt«t of thflr attHulf toward try. HKhtlnic to 

.lint (II. f If (.. II. .11.1 .111 .1 .;.im t.r iicht . 'uate nlavory by 

try an It rumen the 
to do It. they break 
thetr tmihw by iirtn v. ••niilj)<-. jUHitfyinK their course by 

the niniay i»rft«-xt >^f • f thflr ittateH In ne<*e<llnif because 

a prenldent. not t v in vU-vivi], It Ih apallinfc how men 

■»r larifi* ability ttMl illKiiitv. Hlultify thoniHtdven! the 

•nKful act«. 

h their and 

''.• • •» ^!K >\n.i %N : -Ml <'i t m«' Sentiment 

t»f I Their caus'* f (leneral Lee and 

"♦' • -■ '■• ' ' " " •<> the front. He 

ru: an ln)i>eni- 

t.itlon an«l fear, 

the my an*l pemlstent character- 

twtt tijt liable to act from llloif- 

ils to prejudice, narrow 

• of rhM meter when once 

K . beat ability to 

ac<> 

Kin 



• d an ho'. 
•<i ha%e r. 
llitea nre n<|M»ii<Mi n, 

The rent of i»ur ; 

Kht In aftrr ir\n.K" lil 

Mo an prlviit«'>». lo..k full 
• . r ■ -s ' 
Hut 





rie<l. 




;■ nttackinR. 




rther west. 


. 1 1 > 1 UK 


• << corp 


ue and ; 


>Hltion 


Di.iii ' 


w ..<>. 




d 




vir 




In<tt nlsht. are 




••r« are as 




•^t". Talk 




rthesl. 




t di«. 




\.- results. 




vicinity of 




• '• iunifcr than 



tS CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER 



1 8 

•••• 
tiiken to ;t with us. bottip huve 

»:i:n ntl • hiM to j«^f ^o m:iny 

ri 
in 
strrvt uuuitJed. Poic ciexirs uwuy; gets plensdnt. 



LEAVE BATTLE LINE FOR PRISON— INTERVIEW REBEL 

OFFICER. 

At 10 ii. in. . t 

Houa«*. Diiy hot, i. m, 

'■ ' " t. 

An we it 

) \ T.. <. ,.,1 ..,; •'• 

!Hirth 
' ' : f we 

i« wc were \ 

Tilt T..M.n ■ .t. 

We 

i .lilted 

■ irunrd: h^tt«»r m«»n 
I 



M 
^ I 

> his 

. I. lit 
not ptiiiid It 

f'T n IttTir . 

i> ill (tuul uf htiii. 
■ iin out Tb« gruuy 



iiUl 


lint » 




1 



cnnoNicLEs of a war prisoner. ts 

that l!i»t.n.-.1 w. r. rnnvlrrrrl thai Northern »ynipnfhlK*r« arc of 
the V rtl that can »<»« *•• - night 

rtf ^ -< ant! the art of r. and 

n«>t of * r" 

Jio furt). to 

,,... • " -n 

!ld 

♦We 

ild he. 
•that when we set » <h wi»i help un 

t.. |.i,. !.. f!.. u.ttl • ..nlBl«. suppresn 

i liiop the incendiary 

h fho ITnion on Southern 

in hill inauKuration 

■ tie of a new gov- 

cxuincnL" 

We accepted hiii declaration r.a very frank and representative 

of K. " ' -•--'-' •" - '••■•" '- •»— .■-'-. I. -od 

to ^ »t 

. .. m 

of the 

flerce- 

. uf UiiM many 

• .H and in plat- 

fui ii.M. ik luv« fur L'nion, he said: 

•'Klrnl Ji ■• of th* South must be the 

end of ... ^.jjino 

for a V iermn 

\B 

M- 
. .ih. 
There 
which 

AH)' 

•MpoftTibtn. T (rfvr Knmo pofnta to 
o. I o|»»M» l\ re up." 

f fo tw> nM«» • r a. but 

that If 

'. tkirty 

s r<>r . v]r . •*M;.k- <>j-i!,ion« we 

• r. the problem would have 

Tin ' n llnea. Hiii wife reHiden 

there. 1! my years and from the 

first was ready to follow him either way In this contest: so was 



S4 ciinnxTci.rf? \n prironer. 

all northern ^ srrtlon that If Lo<» 

». ..I ..• I f... kx th.il th.- rtMt)orlty 

I. and 

. that 

•■ ry 

in 

>te 

..• .ili-l lIi.H IJU4 «iut>- to 

to the national vovern- 
"A II South rti mon art* Htateii rlKhtn." said he. "and 

vi>,..., It fl.,t f»i.. o^.Mt). VK..nM >..•.'.•. I.- St >ti- :ifti*r 

to 

te 
•I- 

Ul- 

lloii. S«>u()i«-iii 1 > lii Ute i>rfVallinC 

!r»*"».1 mm! nf'.<\ »Mi' No mnn of chur- 

Mucreim '■*, 

A Ml iS 

.•■ 
•le 
■ •*. 
la 

i !o, 

fven In 1 to 

»»l.i\.rv Tid 

who did n«' "d aiavr-power, always 

..f tho rrlcn • 

H«* own*' > td thlrty-lhre«. 

lie lutld:- "Y- . he la a cook In 

l<«M»*a art 

"I II • -ran by ■teftllnff and 

1 It l« 

• mor- 
> hold 
Slav- 

•id 

nd 

under 

alave 

isa aa 

The 

fut\ii.- ..r th'- .S..utf> In a ii.llltari rii-i-lff alid lii <. • «i«aTil> a wealthy 

power.- 



CHRONIi'I.KS OF A WAR PRISONER. 3S 

I rndor-- ' »' ' " •» o ...I. ^« ,,|i,| iiucr«'<k<l, niwl 

••kM: "If -iKhtlnfc to rnaln- 

I .If, It • w 

• al 
ikIi 
' Ik 

UJ. -hlH 

•11 A«r 

a aii'i fliiuiiclal lul'jrentii. 



fir 



f^f in. I 

Vour np- 
You iitol«» 



ro- 
of 
•ur 
• •ht. 
We arc • .ver 

•r, ^tr^^'n • ..f-y 

to 

MIT. 



t." 
and war by 



S6 « 

power In Co: 
"Bui It \ 



\ WAR PRI80?«:R. 



i^-r.^iw by 
•Hc his 



have been \vn» 



Yor 




Nc 




up 




rut. 




with 




a 111) Ua» lu 




adiletl: "Th 




upon this (■: 




Injure our m 




Union and u>\ 


• I >% Mi K^^ « 11 


do It." 




• <.... ,, >. . t » 


>...v .1.11 .1.. If 1 > 



»: 

• >ine 

running It be let It 

our Is In sympathy 

I. till the last/' My 

t ihc Nurth is a unit. So I 

hnvo, ami »'lll rely in vain 

r will 

tlon of 

in<) t >:t \\iiii' \«»u ;ilid Will 



1. » V' '•"♦•llan. he Is your best 
ma- 11." 

If he should be 
elected V 

"Never; we'd be d d fools lo come Into the Union then. 
Never : until all States shall have adopted policies favorable to 
nluvfTv'" 

P .ry 

If I u- 

ud 

w- 

• r- 

it 

ly. 

.ir 



ri*iuti<ini« in 
"Wr!V T 
lh» I 



' >uld not 

•ur Conf< will not th^ n Inter go ov. 

Inducenu-ul lu run n-^ '• Ml your fugitive 



thrm up?" 
"What will you do If we don't?" 



rilH- - OF A WAU PRIflONKU. S7 

"Wrll flKt.t • 

••Whnt J. 

"It'll n nt . MtAblUh It.** 

*H'oul«! >ou II >frtr»?" 

•*l i.r.-«»uft'«« .. up a mu«a In six 

nioiithii 

'*T)i ' would hAV« to AMiume the obllffatlona 

i.f t! .• « ..nr.-.itr.ii y . tm^ wouM i*nHluc«» ()l«cont<*nt; what wouM 

■ \\ t II. I ii*|>oiM» wr'd whip h»*r Imrk." 

TukiiiK him by the buttonhole. I icibl: "Whnro arc your state 

•yi he InuKh«*<l. frownod, colored. 
u- ' Id: 

MitiiMichuiicttii ouKht to'vo been shoved 

!• f.. 

tnd that in pre- 
«• — • Can you blame 

»l- f : nU li.uk:" 

N- » It. Wo win have our lndei>endence: without 

tri l« a fool that 
o up till we arc 

, • ■ ' ' . .- > I m I 1 ,1 •-< I'- • Ml I I 1 K I > I ■" , 

S" .\ . •■ u:' t as w««II havo It out and end the mattor. slavery 

o on that." 

. .1.. !f.'* f.!i..uf..l fli- 1...N-. 

• •f Ia' ^ b«M]>i{u«4rd. Me |*uii4ue<i «*ur dreary Jouriay. cvitttldcrably 



TALKS AND INCIDENTS AT GORDONSVILLE. 

-•■i: ^: M: .■ Ki;- . • < • . f .. \!.a .-f •' : '. •• . ]■]■■ l-.sitli.n 

of 

I'M. 

••r 

• Me 

le 



was not room for all ta Ha down. We had conM 2S miles, waa 



S8 

fa'- 

II 



CHRONICLFS OF A WAR PRISONRH. 

.».....,»...• », .1 oatr-n but Utile nil day. plcclnn out the 
vn May S and 4. not knowlnic when 
ny. 
\i 1 o'clock : 



-ut .Vhrir. 



h> 

tltkf t-it n I 

hnyonrtn. « 

nii»<>n. drl\ 

<llnlf*ct. wt 

hu- 

1* ' 

h\ 

al. , 

the tniln moved. 

The liimlHcape whm l>caiinful « lothinff h<T»olf In robeii of 
ftprlnir. Moniliifc «l««llKhlfiil. .. ■. the «uii nhi^l hu my« on 

the land and fifuike |H>nce to irt. Nature wan heavenly, 

her voice In evi-r. "Man be trut* i«» ihymdf;'* th«» luime In war nnd 
In peace, to the rich, the |>oor, the hlfch. the low. oh. could we 
be like her! "Only rnan In vile." 

An we aftfiroached <fordonNVllle we miw the heiichtN. fortlfl- 



we were arouned 

five mInuleN to 

1 the fence with 

:i<>Ne who had not 

11 waN evidoni. by the 

much c-onfuNlon and 

! to thir intln. and 

••re l)ox ciirft. NO 

■ 'red tenia and 

•••1 the order 

:..iown off and 



Cil' 






In Neven ' arc 


l»> 






.•arrhe«l UN . red 


our n 






< i;"ii' 1 1 .— •Id T '» • ,,i.i-K«-l for 


ir..oo. 






ti» a KUard. W) (<• th<« h«»UNe 


to ».. 






«••• » t> t". -.Li. w ,r.- It would 


n« • 






man. having 


n<' 






|Mi|H>r. en- 


V. 






r ihinKN. Money waa K#»nerully 


Ill • 






. My money 1 had lurke<l into 


1) ' 






itMit. Many of UN had nothlriK left 


ti> 






\K<,m 1^^y «•••«»» MI | hnd w iiN my 


ricithn 


a. I-' 


.ilfuUt. ■ 


a few 


phot OH 


and 


a p.irtlv 


i«h they 


to-* 






•• orri« »T r«r;ir« nifiif me to 


r« • 






-• "f the field near Nome 


h. 






1 North Tarotlna who 


Itv 






Th. .«»„if,,f preNl- 


d. 






- They 


h<: 






. Mce nnd 


pride 


are ■ 




H have been 


movr-1 


T» 




fired by the 


r\i' 






of roalisinc 


th. 






theory about 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER, 39 

»Mth«»rT« civilisation and »irh«»m4» of empire with wlnvery oa the 



••. Ill evl(l«*ntl\ 


i lur »U!«» of ' 




waa now. 


.•*! to (luubt « ■ 


• •NM of the <»|.l 




..f Souih- 


• r It . V 


h of th.- 




■■ 


par(> 


• I hull f.. 






-• ■ ■ ..... 


; .1.. U\vu ' 




. . 1 J . >>. H I 1 


had th. 


U> to Ilia 




ir arinivM 


. ...ii-a, or li-.-. - 


. ;hein In :.. 




: L of the 


\orth. 








Th-lr ii...fl.i w .« ••VII f),.. <. 


.,,tl. , .«..-. »... ,,u... 


\ up 


nlon? the 


8oul) 




•-•n. 


Picturinic 


the Ir 




Mllty of thplr 


b*ln« yieliltMl. mu.»«« ihom UmH. 


in»t>»T. Thfy hail 


HUp|H)ii«d the 



North car<»d nothlnjc for \\\v rnJon worth flfrhtliiK for, an<! na 
the I>eniocmtlc imrty ih'Vjt opp<(h«m| Hhivi-ry, iihi>ul(l It rim* to 
power the war would roaji*' aiul all <llH|)UtfM would be Mettled by 
Irraty. A aoldler of imMnlnence wild the mere exlfiti*nef of Mlavery 
led on otir arinlen: that If we ha«l the |»ower to abollMh iilavery 
we would ' 

Then !.oul dlnreirarded Southern rlichtu 

«•"■•••' MKi-- .i.-.. ..ii...,-H for liberty. Thin nummary «)f 
f- b«' It true «»r falni*, mwuvm the maMH, filln the rankH 

u:. H nuppllen. Yet It In i,..fi. .».!.• that the manH admit 

a Ixdlef that i»l.i\i-r> Im wmmii:. ■' «em of la!>or; but that 

there Wttn no oth»«r iiyi«t««m for • ii and what would the 

North do without It? They nniiume<l thiit N«>rthern commerce and 
Induntry i|f|HMide<l U|>on nluvery; that the climate Im iiKainHt 
\\hii«> li.<luiitr>'. white men btdnic unable to endure lalM>r: to which 
\\.« rt-i'll.-.I by remlndlnir them of the ability of both Southern 
.ti»d Northern white men to endure the hardships of war In the 
South. 

Then** |>eop|o had little know|«M|f(«« of the character of the 
North, the Value of the I'liloii and llw nature of the ireneral irov- 

\ 

it..-.- 
by I.. 

< 

d. . s 

avitt*>nc^. Klabi ..r w r..i.K K i* the South a buaineas.' which 
cmme mn hotly aw tt» •ueir«*'»t dnnr»*r. 

i)ne of th. you exercise 

more m>erly .r try." which I 

• "nre^hM! to Ih" trii.- .ir.i i.-k'^',. i hm j.ii.l..ii. 

They do not see that when th^y forci-d alavcry Into a national 



40 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISON KR. 

territory «H*! f1fmnnf!*Mi Ifw Y»ro««»rflon In fitiHh»m communities. 
It wnji th. r !■ new. 

ThiTf l« A «»">• of 

\V • ■■ .j.tn 

l>4 the 

ir ■ »»ttt 

or »w- 

Cii ii»v- 

ft on the iMMt means 

to i would nut have oc- 

curred. 

An old man said he had always lovf^i th** I'nion. but had 
irlven It up; If the country could tx- < in the 

Union he would be fflwd. »»ut he m »«•«? it. 

"neither will you. > the 

|>rlvllesed youth of I. I 

ni. i«*as 

of 1 of 

tl ry. 

hi i«'M. 

Ol \^ ho 

ha KiKhts 

114 ! the new 

cl'- •»»♦ I he ' \'. 

••<>k M!» < Nurprlsetl at our near 

r»- ■1> Inqulrt*. •"l>o you think 

th lH> you fX|>ecl to ivaucc us 

to \h'j \'\> 

Am to tm no rixht to know anything about 

INilltics thc> iM- MK«- nil- old ludy iind duuxhtrm whose house I 
visltrd near CuliK-pper. Vn.: They wantrd tho war to end and 
"don't cure a |>i ^v." 

W** !tv nt ' !l day and nlifht between the em- 

bii !. Here I Rot my flml Htm^h i»u|>er; It 

irn ' buttleii. stute«l th.it a foi..- u.im \itiiiiM 

two miles of Fetersbunr and Richmond. 

Wrote a Irf - • »n pent home whW n a iitix.n n.n.j ti.« 
would put In tl About a hundred rations of hard breud 

at^- I ffot none. A train of woiutded 

C M Ih- \Vt!'lernri»n hnttlefleld l>ound 

f«' lM«d Into the 

0«t . 1 U|. .11, tilM 

strstcher. 



• H!:' •N'lrr.Es ««F A UAFi rnis.»NKi: 4t 

VIRGINIA GIRLS OF SWEET SIXTEEN DID NOT LOVE US. 

•l 

\S"': . jr 

»f. It In I. 

o 

I . - . - live 

k' I • : - ' ' -• . w« 

■ • ' '■ ■ ■•• •"! 

I 
. , • >' 

%^« t bark nn fast an ihey lainv. I'rrx uriiig u H«>In*1 Haff Ihey 
riHtc<l It at ua. 

Kwfft VItkIiiIji rimliln. 

You lov«» ih«« -"il w h.T«« lM»rii; 
Bui you b«>iir it - fui|«>a. 

Yft I forirlvc' ;n. 

Vou know •>••' vJv.i v..i| tio. 

Nor <io I 
III niHR a ^ 

An you bestow your hate. 

I wliih I hn<l n flowrr: 

1. 1 i..«M If ..., the Irn. 
I« >«» thin hour 

^ I rn.-' 



„ ^ht. 

< Sirls 1 i«rt b«hliia. 



Y'Mir w« <»rn In hot and k«H«n 

* - \ . , V rl- I ....... 



I'm bad 

Tl.. c 

And you'll not b« ao mod. 



42 « 'Hi:' t.N M l.!-."-* « T A » Aiv ililSoNKR. 

Yon. when thin wnr \n r.v.r 

And th«* Tulon In 
You mny wiml a Yai r 

Ant! not tr>' to feci tut bond. 

•«\M]n«'lto with old Rorwh! 

IridfKMl.. It Hopmn quifp nnd 
That niu'h coiiM nmko a nuiah 
(»n RlrlH and hv Iholr fad! 

Homo brutal nlicicer-drlvcr. 

Who Riorloii in bin lafih. 
Homo Hlav«Ty connlvor 

MlRht favor Huch a manb. 

Hut your doar Alma Mator 

In JefferHon'n own »cbooI; 
llo xvRft n Hiavory hater; 
wan no fool I 

»i'.'ii:rit\ Tii.iidH. KOo<l-day — 

Whrn Hball wo mo««t auraln? 
Y«»u don't »o«'ni to Uko my way. 

Mad maids of Old Vlrgrln. 

ohfiorvlnic a larffo crowd to noe un in town, the boyn nnuK 
national noiiRM. an tho train drew In. whk-h Iho offlrorn ntopiKvl. 
The normal |»oi>ulatlon of CharlottovHh* 1h r..&00. Tho icroator 
|N»rtlon of tho rn>wd wore women whii |ooko«I at tin with 
apimront Intoront. Thoro are noveral bonpltaln horo whlrh ai • 
belnir filled with wounded. F'our mllon furlhor tho onKini- |o.«*' 
|M)wor and half our train In loft. I boInK on tho roar lar. He- 
fore dark Kuardn wore ntationo<l and we were ortleretl out of 
tho earn and rampe<1 by the nide of the railroad to remain all 
nl»tht. To the left of the road wan a hlifh nleop bank, on tho 

rir' • ' -• .1...U.1., ,.., tf... i.wf t»,.. s-Mth Mountalnn. W«« 

I .-nnod I'nion nonti 

IP. . In April, he wiM. 

corn wan worth |14 per bunhet Confederate Mrtp; only bOc In 
nllver. 

A woman pannlnir. nald: "It In bard timen; the peopir had 
not rerkoiKMl tin the iHinniblllty of failure; for mynelf I did not 
deem It t>oMlblc lluit nil their lofty expectntlona would be 
renll»ed." 

Monday. May 9th. -Alwiut 10 a. m.. the train havlnir cf>me 
back, wo got on for Lynchburg. I had a flat C4ir next to the 



OHRONICLI'^ op a war prisoner. 4.1 

ftnffine. <»xp«>iif>tl lo the •un. nmoke and clndem. The pamwiKe wnii 
very (lliuiirr«*fut>le. Th»» on!v 'i •< •• ••«• .. ...... .1 ..n the way In 

Amhemt <'ourt Houim', Ar 3 p. m.. w«* 

marrh«><l lhrt*UKl> th.- t'^n ■ n k i/- of all 

clanf, A niotl«*y -ii ut e\ aii«l 

whiten Indliirrlniliur m** the «l. rally 

fouiul ill thi* fllthtfMi |H>tiit*itM uf cltk'H. liuU 1 Kt^eit Mi many 
blark iiiitl x*h;i.« h»*M.|« (••^••(her In N»*w V«»rk «»r New KnKland 
my tNiriNfi . would )> 1 my abollnh- 

lon iM*iitlii ■ t million. < white folkfl 

to the Ifvi-i >>i i(..- i.ik'i'iM. Tlw «..\\ i. IS .iiM\-. dllaplduted; 
■treetn fluttrred with huHiiifMH. It hi-lnK a dfpot (nr mllit.iry HUp- 

plleii .• • ' - ' ■• - 'I on thf riKhl bank of 

the J iiial and the Virginia 

and T 13.U00. They marched 

ua a mile out • in a de<*p hollow by a fine 

Utrrrun f>n 01 . hill. Here are all prlHon- 

V r44piui«-«l. fXtvpi uf(ii«-it4, who are looked up In the 
tcuardM ar»' moHtl> eltiXfOH. boyn and old men. e<|ulpp«*«l 
t>> itii in.tclveH or with MU< h Kunn iiM the provoMl could pick up. 
Mom of them are lmprrHf(«*<I jntd drilled by Invalid Holdlem. I 
'•' »l fifty. lult-nt, KUi>d 

i' Mion cltl. .tnd pantM. n 

>^J"" -.■•.. I M- •' ^^ltha w«MM .1... I with a Nhotgtii!. 1 .k in^; 
hlN Teat. He Mid he would like to tonvftKf but dare n«»t. From 
the brow of th«* hill Heveral caniton cornn ■ ' • • •• camp. I miw 
«e%>ml cKisenN Imprinoned In the city . wht> nympa- 

Ihlsed with the North, one Ruard intiulr* . .ime out from 

the clly. what we dbl with deMt-rter* frt»m their army. He soJd 
they were to|.| they were handed by our authorities. He l« a 
■•meant, had rontemplateil de«ertlnK; ha«l a brother who de- 
0erte<l l««t winter. I Ruve him all Information I could and in- 
timaleil that a fiw of ufi would like to Nlrlke for the Hlue RIdfce 
that niKht. He nald 11 would be death lo attempt eKcape. We 
WMMl iMM-ume 

learn of itome 1 

Ion «,"•"• .,, J,, ii,, ,- 

and I: I spread 

•"^ ' I'. 

rr>' fix. 

I • ■ • if * 

i'uuiic freedom ry couldn't mix. 

The JohnnleN w • 

And when we n trlcki*. 

Whine. "Whttl % for.*' 

We flffht you for iuur cj.use la bad; 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 
Y<»ur l«'jnlorn hoDCMt blcHMl li.ivo nh^*): 

111 South h.i\' hull. .Ill iltrhtM forh;i<le 

!. 









.tnl. 








. np for." 


i n- 




■If 


Ihc ut»il.l tliJi^rncfHl. 


Th.- 




Johnnie does not knuw 








• of hlH caune. 








Toombii and Yancey bIo\r, 


A : 


'..!■ 




wlltl hurrnhii 


To -1 


.Ml 




1 f»o nn«l »o. 


1 •:.. 


.. 1 • 




^1 . « ...-.• 1 . ,.^ 



1 ■ . : ; . •-. 

\v«*v»« •»' to sro slow, 

To turh I 

ThfM th««y rf'boUuMiH tni-th wouM show 

And K":t"^ their wrathful jaws. 

And HWfjir they'd from the I'nlon go 

i »r dirtatf all Its laws; 

l-'t.r »f"V«*rMiiu'nt, from lofijf aRO. 

'I'h.Nv.' k't.ispfHl with jrrfody i>aws; 

I fly have * ' ' " <» 

new I clause. 

1 . i. .1 down Ir isas muss- 

Tin y forcfil a nu — 

Th«n started up i ^„t-r fuss, 

Atjd we're In It up to siKht. 
I know not when the fuss '11 end: 
It has been hart! and hot; 
Hut «o the finish we'll contend, 
\nd they'll lose every slave they've jftit. 
Th" i»ower they nrt lonif did wield, 
V ' re, 

upon the field 
A III I I. .••loin j» r.nise refltor«. 



I VNMni !?r. T(, HAW II I r r:)fU W FNFMVS FIRE. 

HIT. 
md 
first time since 
all nt one time. 
We undviMtaiid lh« bu^uU V.UM UikvU by cUixetis; It was very 



CHUONICLES OF A WAR PRiSONEn. 



45 



><]. A number of cltizonii come to nee us. nppear courteous and 



"v. 


There 


wim 


Oti. 




• 


" 




- ■ 


man enthus- 


••»r 

■A »1 


the I* 


nion 


i-.i • 












to liny, even 


w 


















re Borry thnt 


}: 






»n hnd 
• It up 


ruined 

Bnylr.c: 


hi 








tti-nt The 
He 






til tonr«. n 


•I 










• Khoiii h!m 






t roll 


of moH' 












I'out to lenve 


, lie 


w.ia .1 










1 


Ul. 


a lukt 


n to the city. 


thill 


no (n 










k 


to 


un or 


we to anyone. 



•>rn. 



jTisori. rs arrive from the battlefield 



^ ' "• • ■• ^'* ■ '• - - n It 

.ire 

.. wi nn 

report our army 

race with I^e; 

out coniinuMUH. They report we have taken 

In the mnvrment. About 2.000 of our mtMi 

say ul 9 a. m.. It Is puppoaed. to Danville. 

y. May 12th — Rtlll ntlnv. Wh«»n T nwoke this morn- 

y III watrr: ' 'ly I am wet 

All the wo-. .otM they let 

-.. I 111 -J IS \.ry [iTt!'-. w <• u^<- \i for Cooking; 

i.— Cold and wet. Throat and lunRS sore, 

I.' - .1. lit-; I am nearly nick; got no rest. It frrew 

lit 10 a. m. I lay down to get a little ease when 

111 L-. f ii-i.u til !. \ .• \'t.r I 111! L' T.iii.i.- :< t'r*»at 

• net 

hed 

•inic up the hill i u^er 

I us was enraged: me 

.e ttlll. then Jerking the otlaT k iiie acroriM the 

:s with hl« •word n blow thnt mo. Had It not 

been death I Sb" 

impulse. Our e\ 

*■ " Til"' 

the 
ni I . . I ."-.. I . . i ■■ ■ • . •. I, rw be- 

side Rlch- 

. I place was 

he right bank of the 



fore we rein bed Ilii 



l>.ii.\ 



inofi<i 

r 

Ai; 

Near ihla pUice wr piuMvd a high, luny bridge. The car I was 



4« CHRONIOI.Kfl OP A WAR PRISONER. 

In u.»H .ir» *>l'. <h wlih iicntii. oithouRh not cushioned 

:" -..•': • »r \\.-]l l.v UH. PLottU- afier dark I 

re inclined 

nr 1 felt 

I hftd 

.1 pill 

Saturiluv. May H hill I 

V. At 

» con- 

. V...,. unton 

:.il fCUMM • MfCine 

t II ..ff We 

«*nnd 

River 

ruh vaiilf>H. 'Jhe ruad run« 

. of Panvllle. then night Is 

• •{ it. At ih.H i>4»li.i 1 ju<!k« it IM larKcr thiin the Jame« at 

ttburK. H ^^<««« Mfi'T S p, m. \vi»..n \v«« r«iI off tho Irnln at 

I . ille ami i '•••n 

^••t Into «j 'O 

n 
■ re 

. ^... .. lo 

il the Ijallle of ■ eight 

• .J t-. t.ilk l.iit w.i y. He 

II k of our prlnon. We 

rig that tht-ro 1«t rrmrco 

11 to iiu (iuwn. Wliiltf wa rationn a r ••'! 

mh with tobacco at 11 In » h and $3 in a 

1 .. \* • ' i:th rations came, com l>i«.Lil and hacon nv.mk. This 

!. • n had n Kr««nt r^Iiiih for It. It wan the third day's 

■t( «lra\s n • ■ - ! • ;i- 

In four •>. 

.,. 

••r 

!••. 

•t 

I'S 

1. 

■1 



k 

t'» \U>\t I . i;iiini.t«<, j..i\iiiK ti»«-> n»\<i ^x'ui.j « .ihii'i.h ii .ik luj of 



CHRONirLES OF A WAR PRISOXKR. 47 



id luiltl. Tuflvf htii I aif* In the bulltllriK on three 

lo to move without 



; here. thiiH fnr no 

In the street oo- 

vi.il boUivM u( titH»i.8 UavliiK Tor the front to Join 



■ i:.. A H t i^:w:'- I tip .1 vit . i 

;• whirh th«'y Hlno«! at 

• • •• > -!r liitiT K .. .^ , •■"• . '.. - 
•<! at It. Soon aft«'r ihi-y 

.. m..t.- R. Im ! LTUi.-^ Imjt ;i.-.| 



Thtit littii- 

A Uui: 
until In 



'I \<t> ^l\.^K• i;>. '"ii '111 n"i iiii'i I II'- I' if'^n w 

11. 



ilU Ainr' 



Tl 
Vr 



48 A WAR PRISONER. 

•< i: ! turned nbout, 

. ihcy'd ' 

;.llt to ?. 

flout 

ItiMJU.s in«ii nur.'h mi<i i»r«-i-.i. 

I' •■ ' • •' ••'•»' •••'■ n devout- 
ill thus tome out. 



• f you would win 'em back. 
1 u upon your knc«8. 

I s who fear the laah's crack. 

A, 1 ti\ again to I'leaKe; 
For. if you fall ihls act to do 

! -ose to go, 

^ ^:" 

S" u\> they holal a R- I -l flag: 

; e it In I "8 fac« — 

.\ t nl.i h! 

Tu all l). 

Then Lit 

"What will my Liolhcis do? 
You jia the people. I the head, 
T • le true: 

t thin traitoroua horde; 

I ^i > •' Mnd: 

They'll >\ ith the aword, 

ill we be bravt, 

ive 



••W«»*ri» romlnsr^ honftPt Abraham,' 
A '-'Il damn: 

|i> i MouN.uiiin >\ •• torne fortb. 

For alavery we much ubhor. 



riff S OF A WAR PRISOXTTR. 49 

W«-' !H I: ••iiKii many ycart. 

And thouffh - the woea of war. 

Our honor k f. nr!" 

Thus ttwokc f. 

E'en whore 'i -d to rel^n: 

And thoufch liny mmvc, and threat, and boast. 

Their •irlvlni: ahull be vain. 



DANVILLE TO COLU MBI A — WAYSIDE NOTES IN SLAVEDOM 
y. May 19lh.— Awak«'no*l by th- ' 4 a. m.; at 

dn- on tho «tro.«t re<elvlnic a »t. •* ration, the 

foufih pture. Rain la ovt-r; w«r are dellffhted 

to iret not aoon foriret the mf^rrslnfr. We ore 

atartInK i>!i -i l>:-k'. i> !!t>ua Journey aouthward ^ on the 

merclea of cnfmloii whom we had Juatly « rbnroua 

In < of the ind are 

r«- fatoii of How 

mm > I * — ' :• ' a lu •• of Unionlain %> u mmuiti h. . u.- 1 Northern 
homea! How many and who of ua will aleep the laat aleep In 

> larire bulldlnira uaed aa hoapltala which appear 
fll' ri hour and n h \]f ].. f..r.- \vi» rem h the cara. a 

lonir train of flat and box. I ' bottom of a flat. 

At 10 a. m. m'e utart on a nev 1«». Va.. to (Ireen- 

boro. N. C. 48 mllea. A (ruard iiear uw. a. nuin about 55 yeara 
old. ventured to any that he bellevi^d 'h** South mlaaed It In irolng 
to war: It waa not true that they .'d to It. He believed 

pTMildent Lincoln juat auch a mn y Clay In hia prlncl- 

plea. n- ■ ' It 10. 

"T* vlth Abraham Lincoln a« 

Mially > >i>i>>K M;.tw. . .■»..t'd. He aald: 

*T ..^ do wa find you with your ^n In the Rebel 

•er 

.» I had t«^ ^#» «». 'Ml i where: I enllate<l In the mflltlo. 
rn' re than ' ! I not iron** In they'd 'arrlpted 

m* t me to - belnir pretty old and willing. 

they have me to do aut h «luty .i» thia." 

•^ow do you expect to come out with thIa war and how 
lonir will It Inut"" 

"Thrrfw no t. iiinff. not rl^ht away: there will be acme right 
-— -■ '■ ^ • ' ' - -• - • Tllchmond." 

;;e hardeat pin'--- ^r':» jfot: I reckon 
It cmn't t>e taken." 



DO CIUIOXICLES OF A WAR PRISONER 

•CMnKrlnR to Richmond will only continue the war until we 
comi 1' '• '^ »..«'..'.. If f» . ^>w>rte8t way to end It. unless the whole 
Sout» ' '* 

• ^ • North: we think you will got skk 

of flRhtmif. li<;ip!« c»' i..c.pi«» b<»lleve you to be a hart! race; Ihfy 
want to K'-l rl«l of you. Thl» Is what we pe«ple are told." 

"If the South wants to settle as It Is claimed they do. why 
don't they lay down thoir arms and ask for terms?" 

"That's It; they no more want i>eace than they did when thry 
commenced." 

I. * — 'V of men have t>een put 

In !•: ■•■ believed, they'd 8en<! 

me u> ii I." 

"We I - the ultimate result of 

thlf* war. ' :lh or South. The trl- 

urr.{ »i of the South \x • »t calamity that could 

l-'i], oiir triumph th> 
o right." 

. as a Union man whose election do you prefer this fall?" 
1 ihliik Lincoln Is a good man." 

This was an lnt«*rAtiting conversation; I am really In the 



Confederacy In c 
HoKller. After gol: 
being a I 
acroHjt tl: 
with am. 
began to 
)..,.■ I ) . 



1) with a Union man but a Rebel 

•4 we were ordered off the train, there 

■ -i not completed. We moved off 

.0 to a roatl. I»ng trains loadetl 

.i.ik.n i..> ii»e raggedest negr<' ' • r saw. 
IS we went on the road. It % ng to 

"^ '-• !'•• .i!-i .•<■.• f.. i»i.- rail: ^h the 

' several men illed 

:T 4 p. m. af)«l waited 

1 to James H. Hawks of the 

■.vn? tho b'ctvrlng of a new 

education, 

his mem- 

i;h h'j h-i 1 uf ihc peninsular 

A pile of road. A group of 

'■ . V ■■. ■■'.•S 



•M.i. lu- 

Hul by 

f . v..ry 



w' V .i| Up and »«t. 

i ht wo arrived at Oreen- 

boro. N. C. a. i*lM^sixiil. i^Ucti, u^i>iu^rUtcly named, I Judge, for 



CHR^ 

fh^ h^nuty of thr 
.(«• trip. 

Mplfmlirl! 



KUf 






SI 



ttuitiy atiltnat 



vrti» not on 

irxl flower 
f nut hilly 

• o- 

ng 

I rtf a 

' 8onff« 

.„.. to 

.Is 

X- 

rong Union 

M. We left 

hiil cord for three 

nf. Thonip!»on and 

t three 

v. our 

I 

or 

iiid 

d. 

;r- 

. of 

and better. 



I .ill ui. 
At RnlUhury \v«» Nfon nnd wom<»n came 

out • .,.tj 

for i te. 

nii.illy 

on of- 

••< are 

nth of 

Jark we 

drew n dny ii ration of bard bread ond tmcon; had had nothing 

for 3<t r..-.':-^. 

r 3 o'clock thia 
m»'' 4 p. m. Prtrlnic 

ua 
or 
in. 
raJ 
Ja 
■•n 

..: , . ... ... ihe 

Wlldemesa, when Lonr*tre«t'i oorp overlapped the Union lines 



12 Cliu".^M i-i.r- «i A WAR PRISONER. 

In the cii«l8 of thnt *»npnp*'m«»r!t thnt »hr#*nt«»n*»<1 decisive «1U- 
ft«trr lo ihc Rebel ' of the » 

of lk*» Sth, jwyn th. irrlviil y 

I 

f. .t«-<lM aill^.ll <•:. l!M- i K-l 1 ^^.l- 

i; r »o enrly In th*» day. Ha-I ll 

, u !>,. i',.»...i -.. Mv uouM hftVe 

f to Rlrh- 

i; . 5th and 

6ih," »:iM (Jen. Shuler, *hxive i»ui l^ee on the l<ul ht- !« 

In fihape lo put up a hard fight AH the flel : ' over are 

ours; Burceaa Is simply postponed. Both armlt^s are moving on 
RIchmorirl. Lee because he has lo. Grant because he wants lo." 
This made us happy. 

Gruup.s of hi'lles come to look at us but are kept at a dis 
titnce. At 4:30 p. m. the train moves off and fourteen miles bring 
u« Into South Carolina, 



IN SLAVEDOM. 
If "Jove fixed it certain that \\l.at«-vcT day 
Makes man a slave tak^s half his worth away." 
'Tls no less certain that the galling cord 
That binds the slave perverts his haughty lord. 
Corroding links his better nature rive 
From spiritual touch of his «•; ttyve. 

'Tls plain as stars that In us lie, 

As plain as sun that burns : 'fty sky. 

That In a land where men • ''S do count. 

That \1 I'-r.^l v.u.^ :>l^K .\ ^ '. ...A. 

All el ^ overrun 

Hy p«.i in rain and sun 

While freest men are shackled to their grave; 

And cannot rise where masters stern enslave. 

Freest souls are but subaltern tools; 

The truth Is silence*! wh'»rov*»r iijnvery rules. 

Men's thoughts grow <!> passions turn to hat< 

As waters In a silent i 

If ■ • •.!'.•: 

'I t rule a Slate. 

}• • >wn, 

\'. in clown. 

A: ives for cash; 

The pr«as and pulpit help them wield the laah. 



CHRONICLES OP A ... i mi<. .vrn 



The rulinc 


spirit 


la 


a (Ifrnoii fmuc) 




Willi » ■ • 










Afi.l • 










y ■ 










1 •• 






i wood; 




ti 






mJ. 




It- 










T. 










lIlN Mil .tt- 


•..■iiH«« 


t h.( 


' .1 man. 




Th.- \r> ": 


. ' }■' 


' 


• tfi nrtlon fun. 




Bo It > 






•I 




Of t»^ 






woiiM i>j»rl — 




'I 
'1 






luL l.< it will - 
huiiiati ;| nplll! 


■ c 


|: 










1 










.N 










A . 










Wh.t. u' 






thotr nocinl Inwn! 




\n.| no 1 • 






ly wo wcml 





be envlaveU — In miiiir dnmrKwl prlMon penned! 



AT c. T^. <^ApoLINA CAPITAL AND ONWARD, 
h -Arrivo ut c'oltiinMa. S. C. at <la\\ m. The 



\S V i» i-krii up corn 

•-"• \Vf- rW" TTllffR- 

. our ol; •* 

Th'- I" 

r 
I 



1 

I 

ll-iiiUolph U-rmcvl Ihc tuck uf our »alvatlon" which gave "iialcly. 



D4 CHHONICLES OP A WAR PRISONER. 

respoctublllty and htipplneaa to the American people." namely. 

• ■••' 1 . . ... ,./ .1. w. . ... I (..... .1. .1 xvhich brlDKH 

. South: never- 

„ . . . , uMk U8 lo iflve 

II up. to give up prInclpleH fur which we wouhl preserve the 



1h while a«leep. 

H. luM \ery dlscon- 

.. .-^ ; isiit* I>v^iU«.- lull) \viUi uiic arm about hH 

■.V . ;• ; t ; . . .• ! • -.l«' htm. 

K,-l.. : '' to 115 C'otifelemte 

for II 111 Uh in iiucceM8. At 

r-omii rvii.^sNilU' Ih a Junction 
-. the othtT n»uth to Wilmington. 
i ..*.. ..i i.,. •->- •»'■ S- '•■ fUver. or one of 

Itti l)ran( he8. Meeniingly two 

mil. s l..:.Lr i We reuched 

• dark and HwiKhed lo the we»l. Country Im level. 
j .Mir cultivation, un much of the i-otton lands 
irvf^tt ar*- -lead. KinldH look like vant swanipH. L*and In 

workr»'l \- . wholly by Hiaves with little knowledge how to 

iin|»! vviih ni'ither facilitl«?8 or enrouraKement to do so. 

^u^^\ . lUHtod, it l« b-ft. We could 8ce the Hiilves lolling 

in "tli.- <..M..ii and lb- 
Monday. May L'3d. at AugUHta. Ha., at daylight, one 
..f tli.- I ' /.. in the South: the home of Alex- 
in.), i II •br.'itfd -.XH on<* of the abb'!«t Southern 
iiMii. n.».> ... , .. . i . -'f thiH Mo-colbnl <\»nfe«U'nioy. Hus- 
iiwHH appi-aii'd dull, 't :i) Savannah biid troops lo reln- 
f..ir.- Ji.iit. I. II iM\..t, AM. I an hour we run out of 
town .III : o rations since the 20th. 
fs.iii I.. liniss buttons, pocket 
) .' ;. I .my Vuiikfv triiikft ar«> in gooil demand: bread Is 
; fiuirTTiMti*? wht-n wf ftrvl It. They like Yankee 

1 ''rcha. but they are too 

I succ*>ede<l in tniding 

.1 .Hilk lis LKtl'- .in-l of breail. These fellows 

ar«» I ho *iur*«r«'st Tho Ksuuimaux and 

' ' y nail 

knlf.» 

• ••liiu.-.j Ml III. 11 . I .11 1-. ....III. ,11. -.11. «..., ,» V ...I ■iinT.itind |S 

to $15: bniss buttons frt»m $3 to $10 per doxfit. The country 

.- .mnah River; popu- 
. ■<. rations for a day; 
moved on at 8 o'clock. 



CHRONK'I.KH OK A \ KR. K 

fin. on, on \so ko <Iown to • 

I reckon thin Ih rathtT rouRh ii ruliiiK on a rail. 

(»h. hero ari" Ik»vj4 from many a hcurlh, 

I>ear to many a lnia?«t. 

Many a m«>thiiH hi-.iri In donrth. 

Many a wifi* with woo Im prosM'd: 

AnH many a kin aiwl inatiy a frlonil 

Will Ion- to K t falo; 

Knt niaiiv a ; r«* will oixl 

Within that I 

An<i maii\ a n roc 

That <l«'i«' ■■' 

And roHi .t free 

That trai 

Many a U>uk. U>n»r w<'ary day. 

Miiny a diHnial niKht. 

<»ur ho|N' and »»tronicth may wante away 

Hy hunK<-r. pain and hllKht: 

And many a vow may bo forKot. 

Hut we nhall not forRot 

Th«> KlorUuiM trutliM for which wc fought. 

Tho tjuiMo that trIuinphH yot. 

Hut wo hoar thoir vauntlnRN evorywhero; 

Th«'y novor tan prove true; 

\,..| y,.f ». ), .f .t. . Hn over daro 

I ' i: to <lo: 

\f I I. > .1 llltio ronirh 

ThinKM look a llillo hluo. 
Ytiu l>et It Ih a little touRh, 
if di»wn to Hohol jail; 
I - not no ver>' ploaiiant, though. 
ThiN lidltiir on a rail! 



ARRIVE AT ANDFRSONV II I F. 
Tu«- < . up on the 
cam: at imldMt the 
roar, the heat » wantod t«» 
lie «l«»wTi. fitit or wantod to 
iitr» 'ftH hia 
arh: i thom. 
oh. th'- ihi i\u. whore- 
In were with the doom 
cloned, ii f •<• .N.-r i .n«i|. of water to co<d 
thirst, not a : weary IkhIIcii; no rest for aching 



6€ CHR« OF A WAR PRI80NFR. 

»>....!■ x.if If, .. !.iii.»M-.. for one nnoth*T. MorntnK 

iich thf pine, the biirren 
iUH»f, and Hiave hula; the 
tri' phanty of |><Mir white, and now and then hnltinf? 

at *• "un "to feed the howi." 

\'tilaK«'>* «'f 'tny aci-ount are far apart. At all thene places 
the negro lit thU-f. NIk dm'H the work, eatii the pmirest victuals. 
Is an all around man. At every de)>ot. every she<l. wood pile and 
water tank, the darky "am d** man." He enfclneers. tires, he 
brakes. Thl- Kverything is very 

unlike our .N !. in clvlllutllon. It 

■ ■ " ■• iu\< I v< ; i.< ; I ».; i ii«- ,\ ii i.- iii.ili lo * ' '. • , I of the 

! It «I«M"S. Jeff!" ThfMf motley cn> ■ black 

, ....- ;Ju'H«- vv) t, ».i ,rk faci'S. l«»ok like anj...„... nx, you 

conservators of ai <.il. doomed Institution upon which you 

seek to rear an • 

At 6 a. m. the whistle blows at Macon. Gn.. and we stop. The 
doors open and a few slide to the ground to stnilghten out. to 
limber up aind to try and get a drink; but few sue* eetle<! In gel- 
ting out. however. A cHljten told me the |Mipulation of Macon 
was 20.500. It is I" .i basin formetl by sloping hills around 

It. near th«' < »cmu At 7:30 a. m. we start wiuthward lo- 

wanls Amrrlcus .ii><>ii( .«» niil<*s south. The country is more 
thickly Inhultited. Is a richer region. Fort Valley Is 30 miles south 
of Macon. Here were plenty <»f customers for anything we had 
to sell. Men came out with corn br»-ad to cxrliiinKe for wallets 
and It illdn't tjtk«> t)t«*m long to "g»-t sliut out". ImKIi M«>xes. all 
colors, all grades. We were not the first load of "hyeims" that 
had gone clown, h.i th. \ 'lid not come out to see the show, but 
wanted to know I'ns all from" and to traffic It began 

to be hinted that . : 'it going to Americus. where the guard 

had told us our prisoiiem are; that It !• a splendid camp, gn^n- 
sward. I>eautilul shade trei^s. nice tents and a right snutrt river, 
those that had "been thar a he««p o* tlm<>s with you'ns fellers." 
We had hoppd tbnf ••nrh might be our lot; but now everyone was 
wonderfully Wb«*n ankefl they would luiy. "can't tell 

you sar." At r pe I nski(l a citixen how far It was to 

Americus. 

"Oh. right smart, I reckon; you'ns not going thnr though.*' 

"Wb- ■ ■ -ve going?" I asked another. 

"(lb II thar where all o' you'ns fellers goes." 

"Ho., ; .. 

"Itlcbt srniirt bit, I re« kon." 

"W.-ll )i..v% f.K.nv inil.s-" 

"<;«. i'uB got any rings'*" 



CHRONICLKS OF a \\.\it i lux •NKR. 

-Ancl*r»«.n\i!I.- Ml. •. . »ii It I rfK-kon." 

-How .1. 

"Hlirht r lie miffhty fn«l. I har/ 

A K- ii.tUI. "You bet ihey do." 

•It ! Il"' 

"You Will n.-,' all to see before lonr** 

"HllVf Nhi'ltlT. of 



B1 



I newly 

Nlru 

I !•■ 

Imrrpn. uninvitinir- About halt ii n 

wllh rnnfi At :t (rlnrrp I ciiUKbt a 



th* 
mu 



'<* put up in 
H. It waji u 
ui.iull mlfu^riva. It 
. then a foul ulc«*r i 



It \ 
•leK 

tUT.- -.: 

Itantun 

wnll- 

wh 

th.' 

la no rtMinil it\ 

n!on» the iuin<ly ! 
'■) ami an ofn«>-i 
'. Into ft*'m IhMr " 

t!if i»ut' 

nn<l fun 






'II ah 



bliiMteil (Confederacy and 

I. In 80 nilnut- •'- " iln 

built ator«-bou]<o • of 

,.,...., ..,...- ,.f . . .„. 

rk. 

Kfd 

lurK«' |H»n nilftl 

mIm of ttrlnonem: 

nio«lf!i to break 

fcrlni vianffea. a 

Uiv rtrnt of a lately 

•• of nature, then of 

^. The 

in nn- 

' II.- ■I.-'.; ■■ ♦. ir- 

•H of t) HB 

In th«« I... .- .me 

I. "My ('.Oil that la 

it iiH In there, there 

'' and atrai^Kllnir 

say we halted to 

iiM-t UH )i**a<iinic u nvw iruard. 

\Vf »nMVf<1 to thf» rfffht near 

lartera. 

• -«. W© 

tly 

rit 

I I ■•«-K .iTi'i :iii ^i>iu*' ran* 

In a puHfiion. piatol In 

. ,.A oath, puttlufc the piatol 

you any dot afptln." Steppinc 



■ l( ai...tri.-r : 

T.» th- l.ft a 

whom I fiMuul tti 

kicking him »4<\ 



yelled 



Thia officer 

ith an oatti 

up In ter 



The ground waa covered with aiiuiU buahea. While wailinc 



51 « i 

pome WorW..' 
curry In 
for««»«! I>> 
puurinjc thruuKh 

N.-.rth- U \^ thr- 






kiiii; in bunill<*li to 
: !.ul uU were 

• • olumn was 
.1 ionic breath 

• >ii," oh. h<»w 
.j4t. UB we Wf I • 



Ihroiiirh I 



auk' 



kill 



A I... • I run« nearly 

WfMl. tii- .Hi way. I hail 

< »ltl prlnonem 
ttr iMinifthlnfc 
.■.a.- - II.... ......K «•'■ -.p.'.-- .' • •• not lo be de- 
it utile view wan u|i|mlllnK; contact a thousand tiroes 

• ut a thread of 

^: under uld raffa. 

Willi tryiiiK to ralHe hlnmelf; 

JolntH Rave way; he pitched 

i'. uiUitiiK the nxiHi waiiifui cry I ever 

i.i.«nt Thi* wlniUi" Htrlken n»e thiit they 

I by a low Instinct. 

ha|>|>en to be. On 

I II.' fcrouml for sevenil 

' anient. tllaiTh«MMi bfitiK 

.».!,. ^^, niove. Nee*i 

t months were 

At a haJl we 

. UM on? 

: •• as anywhere,** 



nruunti awkuiK (« 
tack." bcKK«*<l •• 
«• ha lice! Wi- 

FiixllnK 
It b. 
nil '■ 



three of the blankets In the form uf a tvni. 
each. 

Notttinir 
nouni°<.Ml b> 



unit t<^ thr nnxlnu?* irnxers that thronge«l 

nte Just one hanl- 

• k and give us a 

••i>oslted our lucfface and clalm«'<l 

ily 
,, . 1... ....(.. \V. 

)-. ('.nrriih. Uoyd c. 

.I...||. toir.thiT. I 

•.„k- 

:. , t.^ 

k'vr these 1 paid &(K\ 

1 wffe an- 
h. 1 learned 



rUR'^NU'LKS op A WAR PRISONER. 59 

,ft..r .!...• . .. • I..-' > 1 .1 \\f,- ».v ».. If i' ^),..f v;..,,,, .ff.T .urlV- 

Of 

•■•■!. 
I »• 

wili i»h<M*l you: '» each 

iil.le wHh th^lr • "nt the 

«»rrl<»r wjiji t.. •'»«! 

Ihr llii«* or w I- 

Inr 'or 

Ih.- .. ,.- K- of 

lh» I that rule 

li)t.. lii ixlin In 

Hfi ire for 

f. .f in new 

nearly 
.'I heen 
sh«H nt thti* ; 

AftT »>. froll to nnil. If 

M the older 

II dirt hutH 

i\?>i.!» u.-r.- ■ .1 IP II Hiniiik' under nn old 

trnt with a ' \peclfd. "Here In a book of 

port' •■ ' 

Iff It to me. 

II, - V. ilif.T.M 

III I 'y 

..M ■■ n. 

•id 
e. 

Althouich u. '•© 

« frlnf-t f ) (a 

of .T •< inen 

rHr • to re- 

ve ar« 
' said 
J.I- 

the prljion 
irt. • info the 

■tl Iimt 

The 

il. 

• H. 

..f 

!S 



60 CimONICl-E8 OF A WAR PRISONER- 



In t 
Th. 



•I thtriK 

l-H of POH' 

xik. Rinks ;> 
,luM t.i. ; '*. *>ut not »». 

flrlont t « on the roi: 

nldr to \s !ii ! .! a:-:.- (• 
ffwanip. i«4iriilN*I w llh th«« 



rniin the nnger knocks It 



PRISON SCENES. INCIDENTS AND RUMORS. 

\^- • •■ - ■ • >• ' •> '^ • • '• ••■••ri,.,l by r.iJu «lur 

tin- for a Imth. Ku> 

\I,L' I W . tiki- fJl.- J 



If • 



CHRONICLES OF A WAU i uiS.iNER. 61 

arnonff m*«n of our company I found they hacl not r^allze'l their 
danirer: Nome had lout hoots, knapsack with contents, blaoketii, 
pmvlMlona and other thInirK. Ifi norno partn. we hear of pocket 
picklnjr. anwaulta with rlubii. ateel knuckles and kniven. This 
happens •vt-ry nlKhl. In f»«>rue places at day. especially after new 
arrivals. 

The rumor circulated last nlirht that there was a plot to 

breakout •■' • -■- .1... i.. -..t.*!! and Is 

the topic .' 1 flltfn«^«l 

l>v U.f.rl '. i. .^ -.lur plot Is 

(1 < all to abandon the design : 

V ' le. the ramp will be Im- 
II Ht.-r from the arlllery: that 
»: -Ma rtelil no thickly covered 
Wltb : > lh« niiit-teiil >.lRllance Is kept over us day 
and ii . by the movements of the military posts from 
the oulalJc. 

Inquiring In reference to the matter. I learned that a larRe 

ru ' ' ■ ■ - -nine a section 

€'f I othor arms 

w J i.i;.i.i.i .iiM K iii'* wall under- 

K? from a tunnel from the Interior 

Y. xy).-u t)i.- ^v .1! is « irn<Mently weak- 

rt oonronlrated. 

I-'i • are slceplnff. 

It wa- K- plot, easily cJiscovere<i and defeated. 

T' md I RTi in search of "Panidlso Lost" to quaff 

from rinifs of Milton. After a long search, 

for *• I In tb<» rrowd*. we found our friend who 

^- s and a glance with 

II ' y. we bore away the 

I- ^'ht of a title 

V of his Renins 
li sickness, 
s' '\ every- 

i» „ - r Is Im- 

1- :uvium. It t>le that 

t* ! A few wr. • few may 

b« Ml to teil The sarre<| realm of nature 

•nd !»^ rfnrln ii)vado«l by the crushing power 

of lUe cruel hand of false ambition. 

V f happy bln!« mn«r from lofty pines 
t» f men in un- 
r* -d the expir- 
ing i'T«-iv(. .«: .1.1. A.mmi .11,1 A I :iii»f in wioir prime. Daily 

they sink as If their feet were planted ou a thinly crusted marsh. 



€2 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISOXKR. 



an-i '•* t»..v •►i-ik th.- 

cl: 

th 

\S 

new :> 

g... 

tl 

^■ 

In rl. AT I' - 

doubt. Hi 

th '•• • 

c« 



n 

t" . nearly around the n 

l» r; Boon inwl «-!lr-. <S< 

a wife itlid cot: 

A «erK<»ant 
the feet. They arc Urilhly h 
endurable p«ln: Mill h#» Ih i 
•Ion In th»* 



sonint. "Th 
pnnled by 
disease. < 
pitnl t- • 

I 
the cu:.., . 
as irrace r 
paraIU'1 ir 

Af 
Ity T ' 

fi- 
ts 

Tu«»*iay. >' 
phot Inv n«»nr • 



uh!<h th.-lr h.imln ran 



• try. our 
' a calm. 
-^. faith. 

HOIlBe of 

s r<*Hults one 

1. The rlKhl 

that any 

! men of 

Ml.- v.v.ij..!. Itrutherly 

!,..v« ).-ionirinfr to the 

< >no has a 

It lias eaten 

line He 

He had 

in iihlu.) 

rv )«» afflicted with »cur\'y In 
Mack, fclve almost un- 
uliiirn for our diver- 
have In their 
■' etc., accom- 
. Mritr.utiMi trom the samo 
was carried to the hos- 



' amonR hundreds all over 

, : Infc of as noble young men 

iseholds. under circumstances that have no 



■ to the %'lcln- 

lothlnR of th.> 

»i In the liiUe and borne away 

• r man had \ 

nlirht: the .1 



lay down iicut U. wait «*it< 



In Tn-- >ri. 
sentinel r? 
learn. 

About 126 

h 



Hi \\I1I'!( \\ •• K''l I'M- «<Mr«i. .iwiiMt 

this mornlnic with what effect I do not 



ro who 
. .t hvv • 
Klvc 
time. 



th.- battle of 

:'. ..f ^^h'r■ 



CUT- 


!' A WAR PI: 


9t 


the neproe* wn 


th.- tmii .1 , 


. r -. . 1 


were turT)«>4l In h«Tv. i 






Roirle. a major Ir. tt,. 






h«*loi)fff«I. |{<» w 




1 to 


th*" H.Min'l hv < 




•inif 


Uti'!- 


hi* M.. 


II hcitt and 


M.. 


.m bin 


• on<» of the 


Hi. 




• m- 


In*., 




iira 


Ih. 






hlx 






to. 






MM 






tlor 




liT 


charK'- 




•en 


doltiK I 




ur» 


the pri 


■ be on 




MaW - 


■■: who V 




wJ. 






iM 






on 




!I1C. 


A 




to 


It*' 




the 


Ku 




riHt 


hl» ... ; 


...^ , J...,..., , 


..i.'i. >•>! the 


outrace. 






This South. rji lnj..ii.lfv 


on tin- <..:..r Mil. sf lor. 


iH th.-ir nole 


reason for r 




, -ar 


to havr» ni 




: In 


th! 




; for I 


in I. 




''. vlc- 


loua a.itU Ij. 




a« 


well aa th«- 




! in 


our 






In 






lo 






bu 






pu 




■ ii. 


a 




m- 


dr. 




anity 


of 




1. virtu« and 


Ir- 




' a man 
^ Inter- 


r-- n- 1:. 




ked 


by the ^ 




.c« 



€4 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 

Kol away with th«» caah. Another hub-bub aoon occum. A fellow 
la cAUffht I jialr of ahoea and after a aquabble, la tied 

up. No ra y. 



STORIES OF FOUR DAYS. 
Prlilay, May 2Tth. — Water In the ntn-ain In vrry foul from H" 

^Tlfif^ •; '.L' i!.! \\\>- r.f;is.- thr..\\': Ir. it f'..!-, IS?..-! cook »»<>»»«.•- 
11' 

!••■■• 

fore iiunn»»». \^ the wiiter foul. Men wltl. 

putrid aorefl. k> and worma. aqunlld from \ 

acur\'y and wattlluK tliMtaMM go there to drink, waah clothii.K 
bathe. Th#»y nr#» r»bnp<rw| %n atop into the alream the banka i 
two to thr- iHty. Daily lice are seen lluai- 

Ing whilo ' !. 

Y.\ >»out n f' ■■ . , . , . , , 

and « . rotak« 

tImeB II. •• ii.in> >A.iin|t. then ni.iKin-i 

]i war • which he In irlvon seven luahea on 

that l>;.. ,., . . h1. M«»b law la our only recourae. N ... . 
or foea outnlde protect ua. He la an Inferior lookinic man. A 
aearch fi»llowii anionR known thievea for arti.l.H lout. Several 
things have been found when a doxen «\.\ va came with 

« lnl.«» A f«w fr.'iRrht them with their ha; ■ badly beaten 

le to releaae one who had been knocked down. 

unU ujic i.ii^Kr u.;m captured, who waa administered a courae of 
punlnhmpHt to I'xart |>romlm'a of hotter conduct. Raidera are on 
t! artlclea th«»y ateal, or 

«\ help to kfop them In 

litr<>!.k' ;•.' I II' > .ir.- , ^ . ^. . . - ,j.^^p^^ 

othern. ar< wnlng to W; 



that nn outbreak 
explore the jrmuti 
Ing roda %^ ' 

A« n . 
\ 


fri.!!l Hi- 

part of tl. 







1 : .. ), . 
thin afternoon. I 




1 1. 1 to the belief 


Kvf-ry .: 


'< of men 


f»f the h 


.sllh feel- 



Thompann and I hav. 

layii of A'larii 

The atitu'h 

evrry micnt In the Boulh 



CIIRoNIc'I ' II rniBONKl: 



t\ 
w 

f. 

n ■ i<>n In «\ ' nut of nil- Km 

i.f utrti n r.-. to ii«.- in 

I' 

of iiu ■ 
k 

UlrK I M'li 

Irenii. or .« 

I 

n 

••• • mnirk. 

t» th It ail : 

w . •-K. Till pallK Hir* iittnrhoil In whnt* 

f^ ' for dmwirifc up dirt iind walrr. 

t «lortd-llno twrnrd laylrifc on iho ground 
■ o«* f««ot from thi* pout blown, I Hupi^iiw. 

\ In Jind on- f 

r to pul I 

I" II IIIK »'■'"■ t H" 

!• . ht, I ii; Iho 

I lo thi» > •♦.-• 

w on tho ^ 

ii ,r.T fron) i 

H' t It to our I 

€ < -^ cnm«» In thf 

•ml nftrr xUr- up for wo«>«l (<• • 

our mlloni* "f th*» ho?tr»t. htit 

found It. 

lo wmrn II ■ 

knoiK 

h t Hpnttnlviinlii come In; report 

rv ' • - ' ' 



. ..r 

UH 


under re- 
H of cnn- 
UKO. Am 

1 ».- 


Ml! 

It 


llOft NX 

Into f,. 


II.. \ 



out on duty or by Het>«l 
r II. apples 10c to 40c. dry 



4C CHRONICLK8 OF A WAR PRISON KR. 

|j,,- . ..- i,i ► ...... . I. . ...» t> •.. -I-..,.. .. rnm- 

nv •••>%•- 

rr ir In 

\^ IUtI«> Is 

no I.N .liK- 

^' .-.■l 

Jr i tK»r fel- 

!».•. • money, 

b* your 

ni- 

dr 

l>r 
li. 

\* 

1'. 

i vmible 

' !« ox- 



< to 

n«-ti. as 
It Is a 



:cnce of oil' 



CHRONI't 

•-AMUit scene*. I. 

u- ■ 

I. 
r 
i- 

^ • 

»• 

ft 

tit 

t' 

M 

c • 

T 

It 

%k 

»' 

ti' 

»• 

i: 

I* 

r- 

f. 

€»• 
t. 

n 

r< 

f- 
i« 

ft- 
ti 

»• 
Ik 

».- 



68 CHRONICLEIS I'i a \% \u iici>. .^rK. 

which doctors mirht t<»rm chronic Innutrition, whrre th«y eat 
with nvkllty oJI th<*> xtlll nturve. the food doing no good. 

Doctors hnv*» h<»<»n ' umlnt***! with muny of these cnses. 

but will n.' t»ll me ihey 

have often lliroujch the 

niotlonii fr«>imrk' .ii iii<- in.Mnn in "'i..- ' ! 

the iruuni to thr«>w ovvr pleceM of a cow t 

of a calf thrtM» dayn bcf-- - ' •• > . i,i. . 

They exhibit some rlnj: been made from the 

lK)neH "f -' •'■'<^' t»aten at 1 .. ..... a memento. 

M< y 30lh.— What a iilifhi: In a«ldltlon to scent from 

the f«-. tnp. we had that of dead men In our rear. At 

our ft^'t lay one beRfcinR for water frroanlnK with pain. It was 
conjectured, becauiie of hlii hoarne coujch, that he had mumps, or 
measles or small pox, by some |M«rs«>nH. Soin** dare venture but 
little here to aid sufTfrinR stranKerH when It Is all one can do to 
keep alive. All Ihe aHMlHtance we could offer was to jclve u cup 
of water. This I Rave at armH lenfcth. He lay close at our fe*t 
but when we woke In the mornhiK he waH K«»"e. 

Prisoners fn>m Huller re[M>rt having li«-lped tear up the Pe- 
tersburfc railroad. The stockade Is to be erilarRed. There has 
been a cjill for n»en to ro outMide to work on Ihe timber. The old 
l»en Is so densely j-rowdt'd that we jire willlnK tt» help enlarRe the 
prison. The Rebels are much hurrle«l. belnR fearful of the re- 
porte<l raid from Kll|>4itrick. It is saiil Hom«* who went out In 
the squad to work are put on fort ifb at Ions, refuse an<l are sent 
In. Some may be wlllinK to do this for more Rrub. but we under- 
stand they w«'re parolled on honor and th«*n ordere«l to work by 
Ihe comman<lant as be pleased. It Is shamrful if men as.Menl to 
work on Helnd w<)rks. that they should be ordered to do so. Is 
more shameful, aiul outside the laws <»f war. 

Rations are cut down one- ha r . - . .^ 

a diiy. We could eat nil at one. > 

Ihe hospital a '' ^' ■ •■.. i . 

29 ItHlay if) tb« >iK of t) 

H — "'••>• ai !>. . ,i. . ;,. 

til proffNsion; but that r ver- 

b III liter, b«'inK under >■ ilute 

or All medical supplies, he siiys, furnlshe*! by the 

R. I Ifs at Richmond, are sent to tbn TTilIltiry jxtsts 

and HI tnt ami held by the physl< - -•• of 

thtit '' ' for lite nmonR their ox-. u \h 

In' ity well verwi'd li iiiK hati 

3<> Mce In Hrltlsh h<> military 

ser\l<iv )!•■ i>t<>r<N<..H neutrality, but waM i.kK<ii \\ tiu<- liHlpittir 
care for our wounded In the Buttle of the Witdern«*nH, May Slh. 



CHRONICLi. 



\\ AH PRISONER. 



€9 



llr In allowed more liberty than a Yankee. He aaya a bunch, 
ihnt la BlIU quite aore on my forehead, wna cauaed by a apent 
bull«'t. 



Hiram M..« 

pital to.l.ix )< 

liflplcnM fritiii 
lo II wkflflnn. 

It.M.t ,\\\. |.\ 
.1- 

plat'e to vvt airk, 
down. 



F. 76tl ,- 

•«| on c- 
■ ' ■•• ,. ^. I . ,,..^ ».,- 

••<! In mind. Hi- 
J.I... u I.. . vv .- ». . i , .. . :■., 
• flick and 
11 In no 
couruKe muat tie kept up though ratlona gu 



^v 


leaday. M 






\^ 




!•• 




T 




!•.. 




dirt 


(t*»m (hf 1 


privy. ThiB w 


but 


the n<irth i 


!■ ■. 


ft on ttMtt 1 



It 

au ... 

likely to . 
Ilballiv of 

IKMt. 

with « 

but I do liw( 
"maketh »h»* h 
aald i> 
are »< 

|.r. 
f 



18 THIS PARADISE LOST? 
ay 3I«!. A K""<l u«»ik .|.-»«iK'ii«v| to remedy aome- 
"f the pi .11 to«lay. A N<iUii<l 

H. hand ' which they th«-m- 

-•'••' ' - ... i voluntiirlly go to 

have ov»Tf lowed, and cover 

••nl and allv** with vermin. 

t a iHirtlon of the iiwamp near the eiiflt part 

• itu. alKiut five rodii wMe by 10 long, with 

♦•n»ct a fnin»ew»irk over the at ream for u 

ly fitipply the wantM for the aouth aide. 

•1 by an Impanjuible marnh. Thla project 

• tit pleading of our men with phyalcluna 

I»oat. aa chuncea have been offered. 

It. Through them Wlrx haa been 

" ' ■ - ' !n)pn>vementfl. humane 

I Wlrx. He waii per- 

».,., n,,nn,,ti wan more 

'•r«« wan great 

•1 an<i inilit.ifv 

of the poat waa mmde thia morning ^> 

Hill opinion IM that we will fi4M>n b«* «*\ 

Indulge In hofiea likely to l*e deferred, whu-ii 

»((rf *»♦ k." A day ration waa ahown him. He 

thiit there waa no reaaon why ratlona 

" la provlde«l under the revuhitioiiM: ex- 



^ *. -.. * *ih :o 

luiva died aume daya. the principal diaorder being diarrhoea. In- 



70 rimoNlCLKfl OF A WAR PRISONER. 

tlur«'«l )>\ l»i.- • .!■»•.■ ,,t th.- f 1 It ),.iH 1.,.. ,.!,..■ . > r..!,l. j^.iirvy 

w) ^ Is 

III In 

ni It 

ttf oMH. 

Wh«'it iit*'i. l.4ii hoi utih puiii. it Is 

not iinnntunil ihiit scale of mls«ry. 

W m.uh uihU. the dayi4 of victims are being 

n«; 

I-! ' ' ,'d on the 18th. They 

were . ttle for the urmy. I 

niMjke . ....... .- >v.,.^.-w ■• '•'■■■•"■■•« atten- 

tion. I . (I anJ y«-llo\v. h«* In ro ;t. Ills 

rloihi! . .»rii out. iMi thf wiiy fi" • \<.<)tiiun 

If. I t which rt'iicheii :Mat 

^^■^ -> as he ntiolln ch. • . th«* 

cnmp. » miliora cup on his heaJ. and nut unuther rus un his 
Iterson. 

Two wells near us are flnlshoJ which we nsslste<l to dlir: 
the water Is excell>Mit. ria< hi>n has finished his bucket whit- 
tled from rations of \v(M>d. and h( i>|»ed with knapMick straps, 
and It Is use<l to draw wr.tfr. (^riflith and I have sold four tin 
platen r ^' . h. Thi> 

\V. Junt" iHi • forenoon: heavy 

MhowtTr. ....,..» Wat* r .^ ......... .^ viOip like a flood. 

Prisoners reporttMl tnlsslnfc. nitlons suspended: Rebels are mak- 
ing a stir on th«- -.MtHi.i.. 

Finlnhed "I' ■•si"; called on Hurrlman. He supplied 

us with Pfitl... V of Time.* We h:id read this, but It Is 

now more In our vU«w It \s a work of more natural 

thouicht ail -^ less of ihn unnatui il. Milton haa soul- 

stlrrlnff |miiH.iKt h. uIIvp with truih. HtKii'flciint expression and 
l>enutlful ■Impllritv. THmh If Koes deeply Into themes beyond 
W' ^ Ish to f<»llf>w him. or cannot, have 

n«' I^»»t." I)l'l he mean the Southern 

••|>evllii with ilevllii damned firm concord hold." 

Did h. ' ■ V...M. ,. 

iial. 
, ^ -ice" 
how t ) 

Tl<- truth In human experience: 

I enmity and strife 
. and levy cruel warn 
1, each other lo destroy. 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER- 71 



M 111... 
II .1. - 

»t I 

V\ H Of our 

II 'f our »•• 

l>' 'liMl Ihrse Ui)r» brller (11 nn rwrthly Umn u htrB\« '... 

r« .. 

Tlu u.- • of flrinfr by 

•entrv. Pr .irmif>ii. M«mi 

CI" ' ] 

fl 

or ■ •! . •■•.KiiiK n u u ii"ui 

H-' \V»' Hllr It III watfr. 

I'.' , , ulih rt Htlff Htlck. or 

!>• mush or dumplings, bakinic or holllnic ax long nn fuel 

Ti. oworH all ilay lo nwir evening. 

Thr- K w.itk nr lay In mud without 

c<< iiiiotiK I havo some fmll shel- 

!• . iimall i .of the whole. I foel 

f* .1 ihc fi.iil nheltf-r ut umlhy comnnIeH. It doej« 

n iff nun and ntorm: hut our hfd In the wind U 

rX|M»i»«-i ' water f- 

It. mill It • M from 

p« "• * - ' ' ' 

r« 
II' 
tl 
U 

% : met 

J "Iry. 

t* n»M» May Rth 

oi , : his clothes. 

Ii 

I rain continued during the night. 
^> could they see this 

c the wet sand" Tould 

tr. - - ' » >' •• 

I 



C'HRONICLKS <»F A WAR IMtI8<^NKn. 

• iiirh ran be heard from one nlde to the other. 

Re|»orl thnt nine meu tunnele<l out and one irunrd eiu*apr ^ 
uith thr>m. The tunne* In found and belnic filled. (*ol. Pamons 
wtiM InNlde: he think* exrhnnffe In iiKree<l u|M>n. but can't be 
effected for our forc«»ii <*ov«t the point in the cartel. Were that 
all we nhoiiM nimui iif r<*||<>v«Ml. iff in (|tilt<> fantlllnr u-lih a fi>w 
of ua and ' ) 

were It i>< t 

l-'f hl*« I Ml iru- w.ir iH' w.iv I \\ no 

a prt^ tten. and wait well tn^ateil. 

Hr K.i>r, .,,.,. >.. ^. ..^ >,.... '^ ^ '-ton made for 

iih«»lter. and h«' han no ordem • -*h It: that It 

In not the fault of the local f ire left to 

auffer. WInt In the Jaillor. a morone. i man. It 

re<|ulreii but little to jcet him In a i i "the old 

Dutch Captain". In generally hattni. Men i-auabt in attempting 
encape are unreaHonably punlHhe<l by wearlnR ball and chain, 
bucking and gaRRing. putting In ntiK-kit. hanging by thumbs. )•^ 
lanh and clone iH>nflnoment. 

Prlnonern In today roporl the two armlen on to Rlchmon«l. 
I^*e with bin right, (irant with bin left; Kllpatrick 25 mllon in 
the rear of Atlanta tearing tip roada. 

Siilurday. Juno 4th. Wlrx. Hou. John H. Winder, commix 

5 • • • ' ' • • ''•iiiHTH. Ho\v»«ll t'obb and nevenil minor r>ef 

■ • on bornebiH k and rof|«« partly through lli 

\\ Jn.liT if* .Mil. I to I 
(•TH. IImwi-11 «*<.M. 

ury under Ku'banan. Junt prltir tt» the nfrennlun •• and 

wan the provlnlonal prenldent of the ao>called C«> ^. be- 

fore I>avln. 

Motjday. June 6th.— The hnpreiwIoM i« growing that th» altUM 
tlon In more and more unfavor iv day. Ilo^; 

overflowing with nick and no r ttance. lh«»iik 







KH help ■ 




, 




mjti>\ • 




men. 


and 


«ot 


r.ictlon. 



that th.y 

A tnw '( I>bi. fell Into my biixN 

wh!eh T r< fig Veal." by the author «if 

") n uf .1 te.ui.t:> I j\t\ "Nat Turner, the HI.iv^. 

Ii Mint of ISSl." w). 1 all Virginia to defend 

■la\<-r> 1 noticed today a man witii the whole lower part of hia 



CHRoNlt i.r,> t»i .\ \\ .Mt I'lur^' '.N r.ic. 

body ht|^^^-^ In <Hrt r\n n r*'m*'^!v fnr i»rnrvv. 

T- huntlre<l t 

prlaot .tM May 

(i «l at MO 

I > Hix nt n 

I II xii«-> \N .Tf luKM of 

V M«*m un<l an he iiiuveK, 

A of hlH ronii>aiiiut)ii with 

ft rlui> k of hiN h«*a(l. fmclur- 

Inv hiB Mkull. I h«> quarrel urump uvpr which iihould have the 
finit rlsht lo the fir* (or cooklnir. The mnn is Insenalble. A 
crowd Kttthered around the asjiallant aixl ifuvc him u coume 
of buck «n«1 irnif ihf •Mim#» riul* l»».»mr iii««*(| for ihf iruic. Thirty 



of Ull 


. 








to Ko out uiidt>r icuurd 


to «• 










r..r lh.f 


ulrk liiylng on 


fV 












We were re- 


f 












Wlrx. The 

... ...... .„y „, 

f the 


nutny 


of li 




r>ut lit a 






W..I..! 


!■ 




hv it ?.i . 






H of 


1 




\ tiKI 


kt <;• 




hoaj(lc«l 


t hln 


1 




kill 


aM I' 




> ait Joe .i 


id In 


I. 




-'u'rman. i lu- 


ht»l headed U-h. 


It-rHliip of the 


S 




rll 


with which 


they p!Mf»e»*«f 


iMto war. the 


ui»hu:j 


► ^>u:^ 


lum,- fi-'i whU 


-h It In waice< 


1. fun 


- for Much 



belief. The ineanii In junllfled by the end ' the i*nd 

MS • ' ' ' -s ..f Fiutn.ir.lty. or f- • 

i>^ I there In In our f 

I- The foulnrfr* wi 

l» jcl by which It In 

•• ..in the i 

f uiily I.- 1 • 

\^ and inferniil human ' 

h' 'f rifht may be! \V. U',^\ 

ii»«it kun : ••! to the v«*ry duwt and (tUit with 

wurm*. uii .»e of JUNtlce! our hearts are void 

of timllce. 



FACTS AND RUMORS JOURNALIZED.— A REBEL SUTLER 

SHOP. 
Hunday. June : I have Immmi III. Amonfc new 

iicii M«hm1\ flui : » ,t.«vall. thl« In my tr<>uble. I am 

AT nrta me. FYom taut dale It haa ruined 



74 rHRONU'l.RP OP A WAR PRIS«»N*RR. 

P\... V .i.v w .. hn\> n«»\vn ft. .1.1 t,,^ !.L'ii..-,.r vimiini Ciw 
|H I III a thill ►; —ut. Col. 

r. i «\iiit. J. I. In fom- 

iTi t of trulnit lowani AmerlciiH ih 011 arctiuiit <»f 

\v. ■ •* »»«»liiic taken to Amerlrun from IwittleflfMn 

tilHJUt Alluiitn. Ail doctom abHent: no nick call fur a week. Th<* 
ilead Are dally drawn out by waKon londn. 

On the Sth a I'athollc prlem mild to um h<> ^ 
badly treateil. but there are an kind hearted \h-< 

anywhere: that • U their own way; ni->\ik'Mi om k.>\ - 
emment unwilli ■ . but If better provlnlonii couhl not 
be made for i. -..k -Mi^'ht to be ilone. prlentH. thoufch fre- 
Muently In. • to nay. They are nald to be uwlnic their doc- 
trinal Influ* p. I men to «\^. • . u. t* . i . .. t.. 1 1,. « •.,! r. •....% 

I dt> not arcfpt thin an true, t 

vlHlted, who Maid to me that 

yenterday went out with the pr.tst and ha» not returned. 

I am out of conceit with many reportH which originate In 
camp. I have no faith In Innocent llarH who tell no much newi*. 
For Inntance: Lincoln Ih Kolntc to jflve two for one to ir*»t um 
out: "In KOlng to throw the nlfCKer ov«Tl>oard to pN '• 

that Secretary Stanton ban mild that "none but d. - ! 

coffee bollern are taken prlMonern. and the army In b«tt'i "ir with- 
out them." Likely Honie Rebel Htiirted thin Htory. but It had 
welKhl amoiiK mmie. IiuIIk' " * " ' - • » r an<l vent their 
cumen on Stanton. Clraiit In -In the Prenldeni 

and the t'ablnet: for thene ' I'rti.. .i.ith ..f 

thought and are eaully inov«Ml 
to h' >>\\ many on whone ey. 

tb X and laylnic the blame of our abune on the Kebel 

hi; where It belomrn. A jimall ration of rice today. 

Munday. June 14th. — Northeast iitorm badly affectB w.ik 
men ! know of twenty who nlnoe yentenlay have tiunk fo u". 
h« < othern have dU»d within a few hourn. The! 

Ill- ••d with Wet wind an«l nonked with water. 

wh'f \\ • lay In wet JiN douKh. «>ur 
that w«« are continually hunicry. Mot 

totally unfJT • • -^ • ■ ' ' 'In ai- ^^'^^,^•■ , ...i.. i.ii» 

icr«'a«y iiiu! u leNN care than If It 

f»-«'d. I bei ' 1^ 1» 1- in.f.K .-. 

fe«»i| UN IMI. 11,.- 

Rllii..rM .,f ■ f 

!•'' a nide line, it 1 lie or a Yankee bluixi't 

fi. ! nhnnt If It It Mnn nf th'- Kr.'mont wihk 

In but the 

Cii f«ir |H?r- 



CHRONICLKB OF A WAR PRISONKR. 

' \nr 14th 
• r>' iiHMi 



it. Th«- «« for Lt 

.f»rtr«l nix Lcunr. Tu; 



nrr f* -: rilNxl. Rlc«« ami 

N\ ic ITith. Ijimi I . atteinpt«Hl to 

|»mrit by ihrir vile pnirtlcen. ithls name in irlvon 

onr nf th- rhtpfii) whintlon bli«\v ,. • mimuicIimI to by tho MUb- 

)• •■louii-l(x>klii|c rhiipH iiio\i*' thmufch purtn of tho 

I tly the rry of "thief," "ruldorn." and HUppremicrl 

voics a .IX •- h- arU. like n»en In a ntrufCRh*. Airnin crlen of "catrh 
hlin." "inurtler" "Oh. CJod. they've killed me!" Now and then 

Then a r 

I li the »t 

« ■• - plat* .> ... ...t. 

For a tinje 

li. ...;..; .. .: l)aHf«- U. ;.! tin 

nil III. '"el Mife to lie down unleHN t" 

our t. »r of two watcheM and other th < 

lout, have iieen imme men who jfot hit. Some MasitarhuitettM 
Imivh rrtr u« had their bhinket nelxed. Luckily one awoke aM 
t* f ner wan dniwn from him. He HpranK up and no closely 

{ •• ihlef thJ4t h«' droppe«l It. Thin morr)lnK a fellow had 

I .-d for NteallnK rations. Toward n«Min excitement 

•ilon to thi» north sitle. Oolni? thither we found a 

) 

'h the vU'W that 

1 ■ r \ i.-.v f..t ii.-h.u r 



'Up •»( UK rfiHil\«Mi he Kiioulil not k<* uniioni .-'I. 

.«- M who nre wMlinir **> »<*n their birthrlRht for a 

i st the cause for which 

I 'wer of brothers In the 

f \ out affalnst us. For u 

.<^ r our own men to do It. 

first In ' has the sun ap|>ear^ today, but 



tated at Uo. 

A hermit wrt>'. tlttiAtlon In solitude 



76 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISON KR, 

place"; "Bettor dwoli In the midst of ftlarmA." Bui we have no 
choice: we both — 

"Dwe.l In the midiit of 
And "relKn In thli* horr 
It wan not |>oetlcal to call Nalure'm ihmiuih- n>rrjhi«-: n.>thinK ih 
i«» horrible an Bubverte<l. debnued. cruellxed. dlntorted. dylnic 
human nature. 

ThurMday. June 16th.— The man who waj» deprived of hlii hair 
yem. ! ! i\ >i 1.1 t.tken the oath >>f iII.-lt! . t . .• t.. the "C. 8. A." He 
wl- name8--had .irmy nhoeii. Hlf« 

|Mi| M and he w.t- not to anitlnt the 

RebelH any murp. The affair wnm reii* bed »."apt. WIrx who sent 
it guard to encort the ex-rnlonlst outMide and to arrest his assail- 
ants. He also ordered that no nitlons be Issued until the man 
who shaved his head was apprehended. All honor to the bnive 
imtn who shaved the Ju<las head. 

Rather than that thousjinds of comrades be deprived of scanty 
rutlons for day. he bade farewell t<> f i " tted 

Mt the fCHte. was taken out by the gua- ^inic 

to divulge another name. After a thorowKM ^'-.m^u i<>i um- oitiers. 
rations were Issued. 

FYlday. June 17th.— The night of the llth a w" < .v-! In: 
two men asleep slid In; one was killed. Soon after < wp 

learned that one of the deailers. or "nilders" l>ore • of 

Cary. He was at Relle Isle and Is charge«l with being the cause 
of several deaths. To<lay he was pointed »»ut to us and we rec- 
ognlxe*! Sullivan of our company (76th N. Y.) who deserted Oc- 
tober 10. 1R63. near the Rapldan River south <»f Mitchell. Va. He 
was H substitute from Buffalo, a "gambling, fighting, bad tem- 
perefl fellow, feared In the company. He thinks we sus|>ect him. 
and tonight semis word by Mooney. who knew him In (^ana«bi. that 
If we do ruit ex|M)se hhn. I'onipjiny F shall never be disturl>ed by 
ntlders. 

Monday. June 20ih. — Yestenlay a sentry flr«»4l on a man who 
was attemi""'"^- •■• Wtll a snake near «»^" .i. ..i . •• ».••» missed 
••ffect c»n four oil -in the 

b<»th lylriK' (ii.l. • ! gras«><l 

Hturgis ha^ I In a f . Forrest 

tt ^<\o men. been r»- Hunter 

with <«i. li.iSrIor force, m-hm than at his 
. disast<>rs fill Rebels with bombast and 
UK li' u». 

lie triumfihs seem to raise their wind; 
•o find, 
wtt birxl. 
.< V .If. Ill, in'ii . ...Mi> iuiii aside, 



him. the slf 




fa*e ..I,.- ii. 




iw 


(}en 


In . 


In, 


for fiKiiUiiK 


■ 


comnuind 




are not 





miRoNICLKS OF A WAR PRI80NKR. 



77 



Aiiiioyf'd th 
That It nh 
•TI- ». .f . V 
I- 
A- 



•w pridf. 
-ut. 

lo. 

••I'll tiill. 

It piilf; 






ned. Then I 



Whiii- ftirtlnjc In VirKUHa are but nticmptn to rluc 
Wh' n !V S r'nmt mlln I>m» uikui bin thlichii. 

• .Ue and b<»l«l. Two m«'fi have lately been 

r hurt ntid robbed. We uulch nlKbtly, 

•ted huMK for attempting: to 

■». The ol.l Kuard leave this 

.1 new net on. 

K' I wiw ii crowd Htand- 

. ....... ■■.,. -fourth white. A white 

in bin band a Ht!fk. to one end of 
I ii.t \otii whirh h" ».ritsh...| the 
bin dyli He 

feeble !■ -jiped 

bandit on bin breant. Afoiln there 
breast, the eyes brightened and 
t him. then rolled back, and he breatheil no 
why I forKot every thinif for the time— 
Interent look In him. 
ahnont. each day. I nee the dead 
race, far loftier bn^ws 
I formn. pann by. 

•"•• fju'e turned tow •• '- •» ^i i. . 
Mtft. thrllMnK. Im 

ml nhoulder. for iii 

and wondered what they 



the tnnn bent atiil iay hit* tMuiy 
wan n fnln» hr-tvinic of the 
irtjinced W' 
more. I i 

A 
Wf 

Of 

All 



were ho not a neifro." 
>>rtnl. he had a soul. I 



A 

hi.. 

to th< 

\\. 
haN not m 
monilnir. i 
to about huU 

Hcldvn. til. 



T. 

!at.— At 



ind« tnniirht: "They any Davis 
t rue! 
ter man WiiM iihot. He 

to Ko t ' 
• ii root 



Ih it it 



i«iitdUtutin. 

a«'t Up u Mulk*r ahop 



:« CHRONICM.KS OF A WAR PRI80NKR. 

on m.. .«» north Hide, with a view of ahitorblnic Y«n- 

|co<' »i t .!\.i t.. H!.,i,.i Th.- f,i. t thii Home of fhe 

Ht JUHtlfU'H HUH- 

|.: mtlonH. H*» 

ii' turn mat- prtiMincm In 

t) . of lh»« ' Irn f^*»vf»r!v. 

of Ui«- l*i»iU» 4 Who. .\«-'.*Tth«*U'HH V* «- .»J«- lt»l«i l>> K 

thill h** h"H^ M ronmi«««f«»«»n from R|<'hmon»l He 

h.. * ■ >..ll- r \sJill«» 

li I ' by Seldon: 

t) uiilik«*ly 

1>1 1 It fllHt 

Af i« •■:' v» iiiM ••> In i»ro- 

h' law. It Ih o| ; Ix-Ih. aixi 

c> 

VI. ■ _ i 

l«. tppc'tltfH of ihouiutndH; and thone who have money 

c.t Ht th»' temptation to let It ico. ThouKh lhl« la poor 
Rtuff. 11 it* better th:in the Rcunt ratlonH Irregularly iMiued. We 
have to pMV from ?r>e to $1 for nn onion. 10c to 40c for miserable 

m \ ho(f |»eiui. 4rtc for H 

pi With the advent of 

t) "tv. It IH 

HI- • ••nbarkH. 

V •-> .....*. «>..... .K-...> i-ilt Up. It 

Ih view to benefit uh. If Huch were the 

o) t MUi'h prlt-eM. why itre rations cut down. 

w> It of on« day In five by not fetilns 



-THE PRISON CLEANED OF RAIDERS.— CANDIDATES FOR 

HEMP. 

T».irM'i\ .Tim." : It I \N' i • h f'. t •«<«»! tr .Tuii- "tMrrnH. hot 

u . He has 

!'■ 'f Hiurvy 

l» Mmly renlstlnir 

t» -» 1 \v«>rk on 

• • He 

«• ther. 

«• .f < 'h'.. K'M-* This Is 

t' fn of home. Sleep Is 

M •>.< u I try to break by pencil- 

1 1 ralslnff my thoughts to better 

th..^ ,. 



A numl»«»r itf hniinl flifhiM lo.luv nnvonir th h atmnfr. 

•our. • 
jr:th '■ 
lot h 

of till 

tl 

I ' 

li iiulliliiK ••! 

» ..V t Mf 

It 

r.- 

|. . K 

It 



M- 

forrnl to 
Mtt. II by II 

inwldp Miifl r<Mi«* art>uiiil mitNict** thf* «l<>!i<i (in** %%ith nii 

f»itr rr:iTi rotTrfifn )!■«•! t<< hfm "f h;ir«l fair, iin<l wuH 

tltfuif ft* • >• iiikI put In the 

utiM-kt V ••*» to u injin. wail 

|MIU<*<1 

T iitlnually hot 

Hi 

It 

u . 

«" 

V- 

It ^ 

■«rou« to I'Ut ilif • 

Cii(»ii ftf n '< hurt 

11'.- 

r n with t 

h 

II »^'"- 

I • ibcy ran 



Sullivan hma <l<'i)ic><l. tu MatUaon, having any connection with 



to 



riIRONICLK8 OF A WAR P! 



u. It 

Vk.. . ! • the 

wIclceU BhuJl not vo unpunmhed. He will find the truth ot lhl« 
text. 

A ' -* ulnre M len. He appealed 

to 8ui: thrfiitn . Iiruuiht him the 

identtrul LUnkct. A man v\aa .iiUtkeJ ihu aft«Tnoon but the 
niltlem w«T«» braten. l*rli»om»rp rutiit* In m* fimt Ihul wp are ter- 
rll ".-(I. At niKht whfn we lay down fv^ry paMiuiKe. every 

»\ -freil. thoumindii uleeplnir without the U-aitt coverlns 

or M..-H.-: 

We.lnenlay, June 29th.— More brutality and robbery. Half 

..r I >.i..'.iM i't...T,w ..f .iiKtf.MM ii.! \iit<i'u rKif • •xftblne 

two 

We 

iho lilile •• -afeiy of the camp re- 

•ur liven .< ly. We are In irrenter 



H,i...... I r 

tl. 

nre doinit 

quir.s ?T 
Irr 



jKTll from ilifHf MllitttiK than fn»m the atroollle* of 
«ni At 3 p. m. a miin wan vlo|#»n»!v f^t-^rHlM In the 

■trill. vvli;Ii' anleep. and robbed. h«' luild. of ^ t< h. He 

had arrlve<l that day amonir otherM of Kh< ' '<. With 

bl- ■ • i»< ;nl. I saw 

h!' A number 

>» . >...... ^|,(j 

a I thttt 

%v. .;.i){e- 

n • th«' rtili- 

!►• «ll noth- 

Inir. irave oui certain ihreatn. and three of them vmiied the tent 
of an elderly man whom they knew to have money, and prenent- 
Inff knlven. demanded It without one word, or they would kill him 
on the M|Mii. The man handed out a {Mtrllon. leiiji than the amount. 
(nlMUit 140); but they were not |»ermlttei to prolong their visit. 
Alaiut I ft. m. an order came from <*apl WInt that If we wlBhe<l 



to 

II 
fol. 



irme«| like a lMH»-hlve 



The K 



" ll<«|f I .III! 

titn with rv 

. ' .11.1 I 'i.i.i 



to 

W ' 

for ii.<»t«s 
ere tr>-lng 



rffe an f iiul. liutnide the ipite 

! who f. ,..|n and thry returned 

,-.41 1 «if the (mmp. the nilfl- 

them. Toward night the 



CIIRONICM..- ..Alt PRI80NKR, 81 

iMulor* b*«an to rvaiat. but und»r the duba of our police they 

(lualletl. N K- nmn. \^ 

taken, but He U> 

pPT •. •■ ' ^ .. .. a n' -^ -• 
1,1 ly hurt. 
Il ... : an he t u; . - . 
I.. •( pllletl hlfu. HUH we re- 
jo me of hia troup would be 
tit- At dark the wurfc cvuii*mJ; nearly Rixty had hofii 
ti»» I few t:ii d«»ubt led iiatniy. aent In. Th** boyn 
mi II." for the men who Utak the Inltlu- 
t. With lh«» work of mlrhlnfr rulderH 
b. two 
m dd). 

A' I to 

tl ( .•!•- 

IH*. '.." .. •■. '.." .■• '.. ».'• ■•. •" ••It- • «• of 

havlns been benten And atranicle<l. lioneii of others were rei>orted 

r..iin.l 

own tiH r<>Rulatori(. that led 
'it I*«'roy L. Key. of tin lUI- 
ti« 11 ic«»«hI, I niv»'. iiatute nmn. very choice 

II; "• Th'' firirMTifr.atlon wiin mfi'le iii> of 

*». Md (Jhio; 

ft ! to have 

of l.ur with !'.. 

\ !y uutU then*' 

CM . •• I. i\ .' New York' ! 

f« .>*t on the i>4irt <»f >•■•' • 

f.. 

W 

Il ► . '-a of ihia i: 

1- l>erfe<tly wh 

* lJi«*> »u«.» «.t-tltMl. HorK<*nnt K«'>» had an 
« m<*n and. thoufh a a**if rooNtltutf>d 

I« e lj€»fn choaen for the terrible and 

U' I a not a tank ordinar>' men have un 
!»' 
II 

!•■ •.•Ill »« •-! •• I •-■! Ill I •■>! *»•■:<<• \n<- aillllT.I- 

t« In the prlaon. la accorded Ser^tMint Key a 

fe««llnir nmr»' 

ie<l, thia tlm»' 

ihout •••tataticv frvtn H«b«i K«Mnd«. except a lieutenant and 



S2 CHRONlrl.B« OF A x. ... . ...... ..VER. 



jimn! nt tti 


i*» 


r:ttf» 


Th«" f*>rr 


T!l'«f1 


Mf 


r^«i't»nno*» of v**«t*r<lAy wal 


If 














HlK- 


V 














onf 


l^ 














inch 


1' 














and 
















. »' . . 


l>. 
















ji" 














till* hfunnK nh.iU 


|m 














., \ I.w of tt^^ '"K 


1 ^ 














; . liavtnK ■. .-r.il 


d.. 














.11 of my ■ — out 


liKniiiKl 


Huliiviiti. 


The ^ 




.f I 


uf thoHi* l.kktfit uul are re- 


tur»e<l 


(in I 


>r* 


• TTT*««" 


«• of K 




%|or Mn«1 on the i»I#n that th«'y 


havo l>e^n 






Sonii- 1 


Jf I 


! ■ 


1. -* hiKl mi (••luf 


afraiiii>t 


bu 






•• \vh*T«» 


the 


N 


..!. Ju»t ' th. 


iriic. wim « 


>\ • 










• 11 ih.-ii. 1 .ink' re- 


tum^l. 


A 


f#' 


\\ 








! and rhaJn. Th«« 



^t (TUpI. two ! 

'. t ..f f »..• 1.1 '...'.: 

one. 

• . lUII- 

iih n mil. knocking hiiu down, nnd he died from thv 

of thl»« and ofh«'r M«»\vm. 



MOVE TO PRISON ANNEX — HOW WE CELEBRATE. 

l-*rl.!;iv Jul\ iMt Th»- .1.1 ht'.iii ti» th«« Ht<Mj;.i.J.- ts f iiitf«h.-l. An 

a: 't in thi* oM wall at the nortii of th>- 

(.: •! ate ord<Tf I to n)ov«* ihrouKh (in> 

d> l> In tlit»'«» houri*. Th** \vfatli«*r H 

\. in«*n tnovlnt: wlttiout onlor ovn 

!(, t)...s.- who «r«» lo !• iii.iiii iM htirrlblv 

f. K»»l «>«» "I "T •»" 

r >,,. \. . thr wallf» 

li a hole 111 11 fenr«v 

t.. 'hrm wtde wllh ii 

baiiK of .i;i( oii 11, • Tk mor«- 

(^rfi«>«'lv f"r « f»r»;-' n>««i»| !<• 

a; < t . i;u' -Miff 

II that wi« t'. 
n 
I. 

h<*l|>eU. i>>airni«nls of trees lay ul>out over which men atrove to 



nhlAin fu**! nnA iihcH< 
!• Mitlmnl*^ at 70. 
Hundny. July 3r 
by our orml«»ii. V*"- 

hotin* In i»i»n f.«r' 



.KH OF A WAR li 

Tl.. .\.rKj.- nuj' 



iitlm p*r ilay 



report fnvnrrth!r» pmrr«^f» 



days. I I 

nAk..( r..r 

n* 

H 

tOfirtJ. a>vttiK 

ooilnv frnm hi 

Olhrr |»HiM>nrr 

lay nM»r ihf ' 

him %» 

by a 11 

ht- 

a! 

All of 
do I r 
T> 

n * 



to tho 



il VlfW 

i.lfiOO ft 

Ik. fMiihv ttmdfr 
• •Mrlner MIm<1. An- 



■11 Wl'- NI Tl K . Ill 

evinclnir nil !h<* 

..,1 V.f .1(1.. 



woul'1 r<K|uir«» ih«» t>cm trrnim<«ni to he 

r.r.r bn wivp ! In thin rthnonrr. r,f m«y]l- 



to cure 
im h'»rV 



A 

in.!. 



U' 
I 

a»* 

ll> 

ai 

at;.-- .-. 

-pooh" na 

•<»a«..u ..f ; 

of 

of 

rant f.ilth .i:..! . 

that we frit It 

111 • 

111' 

tt» K'-f I IM- III \\ < «1 

today. 



W.. 

lit \ 



fh* 



(itai) I'lwio 



«r iiKrmiiK 



K4 IHRCINICLES OF A WAIl PRISON KR. 

...... J„,y ^^y ....... ...» _. .... . .. _.. . ,.„r 

fi« to the rth 

II I "^Mlh ;. . - 

|i» tul the pUTKUlt «' 

It) ■ l)-,.-H.- St .!.-^ If..- 

p. un ihv»e frreai truiha 

III- posterity ir. In nv.urnliiK 

for ihv luiM of Muit». Ill |*ttliiful fXi'ei'latlons. ti iiul 

fear, their eyes are turne<l towMr»! two mighty Mmk 

on the same soil. — one for th' iud ih.a lUj^uhiic, the 

other bnttlliiR to maintain a Inaugurated to ovor- 

tlirow the work of their t on 

prlncli»l«*s the reverse, > » rt»«<l 

In both words ■ ' ' • \N.i;iiri in.- >-. nj..- of 

my vision, are n* ^reat sin that has 

rursod i»ur i»eo|.ii . . ... . • ? n •••v ■..( |»«* d«'- 

stroytMl but H.ived fret* from ' that has 

stained our fair emblem — the ' . . ihil the 

Tnlon of the States shall not be broken by the hands of Treason, 
the foul assassin of Liberty! O. that the day .,f jf!..rlous triumph 
may soon come and with It the rlKht. and horrid evil of 

war! Let the <Iemon that actuated It be <l Apropos to 

the day are those beautiful lines frx>m L<»n|ffvilo\v, which Thoinp- 
sun recited: 

• • • Sail on. <> Ship of State! 

Sail on. <^. Union. stronR and great! 

Humanity with ail Its fears. 

W'llh all the hopex of future years, 

Ik hiinRiuK broatliieHN on thy fate! 

We know what MuHter lai«l thy kind. 

What Workman wroiiKht thy ribs of steel. 

Who made each miist. 4ind sail, ami rope. 

What anvils ranic. what hammers b<-at. 

In whiit a forRe and what a heat 

Were shaped the anchors <»f thy ho|ie! 

Fear not each sudden sound and shock, 

'TIs of the wave jind not th* ro<-k; 

'TIS but the 

And not a i 

In spite of t 

III spite of f ,., 

Siill ..r, I... I ' ....... ... . 

-. are all with thee, 
our pravriM nn- t.Mrfi 
« »ur faith tri '»'er our f 

Arc all with all wltli 



CHRONICLRa OP A WAR PRIBONRR. 



R5 



Have hnil but 1" '«»r two niffhtn. owlnff to the itorm 

•nd •^verity of my <*. No nitlons ■Ince the 2nd. TWO 

hour* of trriibl« thui. It t aturm. At the Sutler'ii "Shetxans" I 
purch«M><l n ■innll m hfitt biHcult for 35 crtitJi. Thin Ih my feuat 



» for Ju' 



>'*. 



U< 



Uic 



•*m» of b- 



(aftor 

Tu. 
UP 

n. 

1*« : 

to thr north Kutt* . th 
aUty houra. I ki...A 
nlffht uftcr tti«* 

off t!rrt..-r< ,.f • 

It 

» . 

he « '-• 

ma ml 

eitouich !• ri I 

CtMMl. Thr £th 

Ijoliiln. thr "" 

hia flunk. 

tniubled. 

r>t- ker. pr i 

playmate, i** 

goona: la fr«*m 8trutM*n coutuy. .Nrw York. 

Thtin»<1nv Jt»»v Tth i'onl niKhtM. h«»t «laya 
a*' lUh. 

nu M a 

8. i\, 
from \ 
day. u 

R..I..' 

Ill 

It.. M 



k to the old aide, five of 

ved by the r««movnl of ao 

the well we duK. for we 



it the priaoii waa ocrui»le<l men carried 

th \\:\\\ frir woo.! or for huta. On July 

I until every allele 

lit the Riite. that 

U d li V-iiiktf.H ih.il he waa In com- 



notiil tr 



-a died like hell .there would b« 

"It waa 

I at all 

n .^.i. . II..... . . "Hniufc on 

l>»e'a cornbreud line 

» . ome down. Billy 

• r. "iMnoh'a" oM 

:he lat U. 8. dra- 

My romplnlnt not 
From three to hIx ahota fired 
iirtl In bo of tM>t<' 

' H Inland. 

I aquad 

■ n. I iH- iiitiiio of the 

I rloud In tho Bky. A 

• ♦ tnd I/ee In a 

Davla at hla 



SCENES AMONG SICK.— RAIDERS CONVICTED. 



H«mna ittrwc m«n had tM>vn 

t' ■ iK-rfbrmwI. 

tHrong on marrhea and in tMttlca' aiH(k>; 



S« ClIHONICLKS UF A \\ A U PRISONER, 

lid tK-lching ran* 

A. T«,, ,, -: 'dnriitK line* 

That brought ihr h«i >i 

Vi»|on «.f S.>Mh 

BAtuMAV. July 9lh.— More than a week -ick call. Tho 

I ». .... ., jj. jjji J in.»ii> Kick ICO for- 

^ • walk rjkI arc laid ovor n 

Ijuk. -I '■ ' ' '' "'».• wt'ftk. I Ko. hoplnic 

to Bet H I ■>. for '■' which neriteant* of 

"i.ii . n.s t !h.- .N I>o<'ior comoB in and 

If.. .: nmong them iM>me. touchlriR a few 

nx Two houm would be required, at 

least, to Ret nIoiiK with the "najiiy Job." the doctom think, and 
only wink at them nt that. I could not endure the hot sun. the 
awful iitench. the sight of thoiie nlokenlnic objectn. I noon lout 
faith. If I had any. that I nhould be healed by a plight hem touch. 
I came to doubt. ui>on viewing the condition of no many othera. 
whether I neeflod anything. More curloua than charitable — charity 
Is a cripple here, begins and ends at home. I looked them over, 
and wus not curious. 

"Here pity <1 v herself alive 

When she to. 

Tl '- ...re robunt constltuU«»n.-* th.m 

mine. .thuonn' timn If they were dea<l . 

„o •».• •><■ the bone and sln»"* "' •»"' 

1 than ghastly exi 

\N • . Ixh. unnianly rrl' v 

for the doc'tor to "t'ome quick, for Christ's sake, quick!*' con- 
stantly begfT'r.ir fr.r w-iT.r* Ai^hnst. I stepped hurriedly, sham- 
bllngly. bii* wasted. <'orrupted bodies. onr«' 

iM-MMtlfMl • Hi and hastened here and sit 

d. the \ii>\ •• of the blanket, my heart 

SI It not ►loom? I shudder while I 

W Mf' " ■ Ilk" t h-lT "4 

"y .Vorth?" they asked. 

" ^ ' ' ^ . 

"l! iiunl In shucks." 

"Perhaps it would: at any rate, get all you can out of th^ 
('iirifeilerary *' 

"That 

"Then k "-V " 

"That iiuikts J! - rII niffht In th- 

cold to frccxc an \.. n in the bull-pei; 



rilR« .Nhl.KS 



^t!!! nt fh^ imt<»: no attention 
womt case* 
k bv frl*Tl<lli 



would br Milk to ntnml In tf. it 
'Thttln whut'a thf T 

Out ..' 

on the 

for •» -.1,, 

|»^« the 

h. , of 

«|. • to 

I. . that 

'. thp (Init)cr !■ all ulM)ut ur. 
July 10th Hot. Rhowcry «lay. rondeni th<? condition 

uf lh« ■ K. It In h««Ucv<M| that more thftn two- 

Ihlrds . 'ho »?«!«• «f» r»M{»oi)Ki* to th«' nWk cnll. are 

victlma uf •- «»f the ntomnch and other 

onninii of ' ro4H| suttplled Impartii no 

nu' - n Moil rat \ 

ra >*hlrh In not r«" 

II, , ,. .... ., ,,. 

d. 



a 


km .> 




!M 


nfv! 






«»^tii 


1 




John 


H 



••ctcd with •curvy, drops/, urinary disordera 

that nix raidem have been con- 

tli and Ttrf^ to Im hTrir«^1 tfrnrirrnw 

•r noon 
U N. Y. : 

la; Chorl*-* <urtl««. Lth ILhu.lc lai^iia ai - 
ilth N. Y.. Patrick Delnney. 83rd Penn- 



r\9%X on iIj- »ary. It m uiidemtood that theiie 

fuon were i > Jumpern, ffnin^ out for the money 

•y could »et. and were captured outnlde of the line of duty. 
A'« know 8oUlvan dM«rt«d our regiment while It was forming 
for expected buttle, on the nlaht of (ictober 10th. 18<;3. and waa 

|-u: !:■ ■ ^ 

h 

Vliir. Va. To t-.irr> out ttiia sriiii project StrrKcaiii Keys and 
Immediate nimiStaittft l.i.. k- .t tlu- uv ,,f titnlM-rM aiu\ IooIh and 

curtd a f«w carp* 



88 rHRMNin.KS (*V A WAR PHlSoNKR 

HANGING THE CHIEF RAIDERS.— SCENES AT THE EXE 

CUTION. 

:il..t,!.v luiv tith 1S64. Huillliij; the ncnffoM for execuiink' 
the pt m at 9 a. m. a few yards within the den<l 

liiM* t -<-. liy 1 p. m. it was finished and th«- 

< : :nbieil everywhere a foothiK could be had In view of 

n- 1. lAK)klnK from my position neitr the scaffold to th* 

Mui ih Oil ihe HlopinK Kruund I behelil the moHl <iensely packed rrowd 
I had ever •••^••> The south side If iKiHsihle was move densely 
packed. '1 • from every extreme |K>rtlon of the stockade 

until they no further. Kvldently every man thiil could 

be was on lus i t].s. A multitude of probably 30.000, all astir 
itn so small an area Is seldom If ever seen. The regulator miuads. 
armed, with clubs, formetl a scjuare around the scaffold to keep 
back the cr«>wd. It Wiis feared by leaders that an attempt 
would be n> ..t. >.^ HAsoclates of the doome I. to destroy the «• un- 
fold and I ..-m. Sometime was employed In atlji- 
halters to i and adJustInK not>ses. then all was i. 
Shortly after, the Kate opened and Capt. Wlrx. dressed In a whtt< 
duck suit. up*>n his Kray horse, accom|>anled by a Catholic pr!*'?'' 
followed by the Kuard with the doubly doomed war pris 
They were six dressed only in undershirts and drawers and ! 
uncovered. Capt. Wlrz addressed us In broken Swiss nearly a> 
follows: 

"Prisoners. I deliver '' ■ n to you In a> dltlon as 

I found them. I have i •\k to do in • . them of 

crime of which they an- .i. . w.-..-.!. except to l.ui u.y nHHitHnuc'^ 
for their and your protection: nor do I charK** them or belle\ • 
them Kullty. at>>) v,), .ii have nothing to do with tif 

execution of your You have tried them; I have per 

mltted it. You ha\ ■ '.-d and sentent ed them: If they ar« 

hunir. you. not I. will be resiMjnslble for It. I deliver them to you. 
do with them as you please. an»l may Ood be with them and you 
Guards about face; forward march." 

All but ih«» pHoi.t moved out and the »n»te closed. This ad 
d: ! In his hand said to have been 

I ; • officer of the |»o«l. 

» ' \ ■ ■ ■ ] i; - 

Up to 

1- io their hearts. Their ex.-- 

cu If »»... 1.. ,ui «|f.|ay pressed 

«'t^ch '. man. shouted 

• n « •' 1 nrvrr gu up 

there! .\ ,1,,^ away. IoohImk his 

arms and .lashed madly throufh 



OHRONIOLE8 OF A WAR PRISON FT I ^9 

It •• weak rrow.l to th*» 

»' s tn hin hlt'K. but was 

r« ...... 

II; 

^.'- -■• 

nnothtr down. Thrlr frlKht 
RrJ . N flv to thfir irunii. 11 

!•• iiiic hurnlr^ilii of tho i^eaJccr t: iii-k' 

fi ;« In th* ruiih. which had hm th" 

fuicKUr MitM brouirht l»nrk tmnbllnir and cow<frltiic wKh f«-ai. Th« 
othrrn had hern N-ft ntandinff. b«i» tm>w .ill were puiihed up the 
■Irpii to thr trap by the executlot iC and wallInK unintol- 

Hirlblv while the priest beirKed f- ' T th«'m to be spared, 

A their f... KM, and the baKS. used for 

r 1 over their fares, with whit awful 

V i.»d for life. The priest, at their ro- 
il ' only those In oharj;** but tho vjist 
rr '■• 'I • ' "'^- ' " '> •' tho final dls- 
!• of no avail. 
T ' as their con- 
demners s' >• iheni an«l their clamor tor the execution to 
proce^ o\ I the frantic effort of the priest. They be- 
lieved them iiuiU> of fllrect murder, the means of sufferinfp ajii 
death of m-tvy bv deprlvlnff them of s4-anty clothlnif and fare: by 
theft .r rruelly beaten them. Th.« »rullly rlamore<i 
for n had denied to Innocent, helpless men. Yet 
w 1 th»»m to be dealt with by law, 
I safety. 

' - *-lnK out In tears? This 
x% Id eye. flushed on the 

!• . - 1 brO'i "I r...nrft#i |n 

ft U lips. If the were 

V . knew their duty • .1 It. 
Th* firm answer waa. "So you must die." Then said Collins. 
to the prlrnf 

••T' ... 

11 

"I am • tiut of Uiln. 1 ! 1 man! I 

hsve not ' r trial." and ma' and all 

shout ' 

P«** t • 



d. "I did not ex- 

1 slnjr. 



r- 

f. • 



^0 CHRON1CLK8 OF A WAR PRISONER. 

' •'- ' ''- *-• ''-R loudly, he ttiikcd: 

tirtli." 

••I^ here." 

K\' up." 

Curtis — Then i have one requcwt. Tony, It In my dyliiR re- 
quest. I want you to keep my watch and nend It back to my 
father-in-law In New York City." 

Tony— "I will do It, Curllii." 

Curtis— "I am ready. Thin Is a hard sight, boys," and he 
pniaru'd. 



I . \ - I I ■ •< • K • • 1 u i ' < • : . I I • ■ - 1 < I . . ■ 1 > . I w I : 1 . 1 i v < i u 11 1 ^ 

h . j'C, an«l fallfn to the ground. He was re- 
st • '^^ •••' «»...n,.>. he plead thai as •-"' >^ ■ 1 
n., !. Hul he was ff>' 
tl. whilo the other f 
Ir 1 Muutig off. partially 
kr It was Intleed a hard 
sight, six • ii tieiii from lUt- fur crimes against fellow 
prisoners. think I am hardened because I looked upon 
them with 'Sure that I did. This Is the breaking up of 
A gang oi"K th#» Rlrhtnnnd prisons. 

Rut there w-r- le the prison, the 

Idlers standinK li ready; the artll- 

1' • - . • ........ 

r< 

All.) ,N ...1 -I. ■•! ■■■•. M -• A- 

who In their nnxl«»ty t" 

tb«-"' i>> <""•"» of the 

t> >nlc as they supposed they were lo fire upoi. 

tl 

It Is told of Mulr tlv aequlttel of a crime In Dublin 

Ireland, though h«» hn 1 cuMt to his pr'**"! P«t --r^ mn- 

vlrtlon h«»r«» he to! ' Irish f 

after arquittnl the \ •» d*'ath 

be hiN doom; that ih- 1 Alu.«y.< 

though he souffht to a to their ' 

o'- u !..!,« To him n.- .o:,:. 

< I proved Against raiders. 

np.EAOFUL DAYS DRAG ON— NIGGER IN THE EXCHANGE 

FENCE. 
Tuenday. July i:ih.- A m«n j»hoi through the body and killed 



while *1lrHnr ^--^f^r rr*>rr* fh^ ^frt^m n^r^n\} f«^l lnsld« the dead 
line, i 



w. 




















0d here, la to me 


1* ? 




















t he 


I> 




















In 


b! 














K -i 




t li 1 1 1 1 1 1 


k- i"'- ^ ^ '•: rtttter 


Il 














■IC ' 


who 


want 


•omethlnv to fill 


UJ 














' 








1 : 


















1 


off with acurvy. 


It hi 




















.Ii ..f III. It- llmba 


h 














.111 wan 






. of 


h. 














'.r. with 


• 




y*Nl 


t«> 








*?v 


4=r 


b- 






•Tful 


aiitl quickly re- 


• 1 








im 


ftf 


h< 






w. 


f» find n word of 


It 






















r.i 






















<)• 






















hi 


., 


















... ,..., .. 


An lis 


cv\ 


















\n It en- 


fmf\,\,-\ 


).\ 


















'i>- unl- 


V. 




















be- 


f..' 




















: hia 


vtmiiKv 


ilr^nni 


wh'. 














h«» 


behf't! 


Immr^f!!.- 


:r>- 














• of 


IJ 






















d. 






















In' 




















H :i 


I" 




















ter- 


f" 




















' * 


\l 






















¥, \ 









,. .. 


... 




., V 







.... ... 


f,.- 






tc. 






















..f J 


• ih 


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UehnMnta have been called by Capt Wlr« and notified that he haa 



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92 • iiu< '.^n i.h.> «•! A WAR PRISONER. 

• very nwin In c«mp. Reports of two 

s thl* afternoon. an«! we turned out 

■- Into line double quick. It was soon 

They formed on the hill, deployed 

I a vigorous fire, lntern)>enied wtih 

from a brigade, showing how th<- 

or If prisoners break out. 

.l>le state of I t 

«: but ever> • i 

\\ . 111%.- a few doltlnKr* ", iii;-, kihI. 

is fronj Baltimore, and to tounteract 
speculating in rations, makes lots of 
I he comes in of late. One of our fellows got thick 

\ 'o|«l him where to find a tunnel, for a piUK of to- 

)»:ir(*o. 8oon after he came with a squad of negroes armed with 
feellrig rods and s^mdes. found and filled it. It had baffled their 
scrutiny for three days. The man who revealed the secret be- 
trayed himself and that evening Wiis hunted out. given a clean 
shave of his head and on his forehead was tattooed the word 
"Tniitor." Next day rations were ordered withheld till those who 
did the Job rej>orted at the gale. I don't kn<iw that anyone re- 
I>orted but rations came the day after leaving us a vacuum of 
one day. 

Petitions have been circulating praying our government for 
relief. I did n<Jt sign. They are sanctloneil by Rebel ...•>...itv. 
Intended to prt»duce polltital effect and to leave the i 

lu ih. N.ith !hit !>,.• 11 ix.ii.f M condemn government . ..^ .u 
» •• serve a purt>ose of Its enemies 

r lie. suppressing facts. 

iie|MitiM v( iiMiveiiieiiih tii north Virginia are true. Sherman Is 
up to Atlanta: Johnston relieved by Hood. They think Johnston 
fights on the principle that "He who fights and runs away will 
live In Hirhi another day." Federal cavaVry at Montgomery and 
T ' i at Macon. CJa.. only 60 miles away. whUh 

rjent here. The Rebels are fortifying. I>rov.-H 
■ ' ■ from plantations and put to w«»rk. 
'! < and sixes. fl<><k In and (|Uiirters ar** 

t 'f the place. We look ov«'r to It from 

) lect that U Is one of the new born of Secessla. 

\ Hi < ut his own tlu'- it t. l.i\. Several hundre«| 

I: rail for - rhre«« men brought 

I I were rh«*y were put In 

the sio<.ks sr^riitl houis. but gave no iiiftwututlon. James Eng 

llsh of oMf e«m|»nny. of New York <'lfv dl««<| July lith. 

\'. . hot as It has be.-ii 

I'.ii '-d. and warns them 



CHUONICLKS OF A \\\H PRISONER. IS 

for thr»« we^lcB. A aupplv of sumACh bud* mum have arrived and 

to' • ik for Bcurvy. A 

>*' M ahot by n Kuurd. 

H Somr 

II . ^ I.-- t . 

V ■ ■ w ■ 

n* -k tht« thf ccntry tXrmi. the Bhoi whiz/n >: 

l> * 't*« I Nt<- "vliir In (he bank and MputterlnK niui 

I' ■ four or uit. Lots of shootlni; han been done by 

r tt wiM.k nnd aev^ral men have boon killed and 

>^ t<vl at the hospital fur NllKht Injurloii. 

1 'ill by a sentry a few dayH a«o waa 

!•• • ■ ' . ■ !«»Ki« art" • " 

«• '.•M work 

1^ .v.... ii...i .,..,,.,- of our r.Mi . n .1..- 

r> 

Jllh.-Hefore day ih.- .l-.i: horn an<l •>.• v.h.- 
Ii • heard. Men on ; ut ih«* 

a' Two tnilna of •• from Ht»- 

paaiM^ b«T«*. Kfb.-li* rr|K>rl a victory, ihrn udinit a loan. Kr.j- 
erfok nf my ('ointmny. <?!♦"! ih!« afternoon. Ho haa been alln.K' 
b' ' not think hli iialy III. He waa carried out at 

I •! la tho 51 nt haa died alnce 7 a. m. In priwin. 

> ling thia mornlnfc near the 

blir I' of the pen. pr-arhinK by 

t*' i.' II -MM... Some of ihono artlve in 

< are Upv. T. J. Sheppanl. U. N. Wa.Mle. 

^' < .\ iirv and Robert H. KoIIokk. of 16th 

«' r.l. r. 8. Infantry. aJao Boston 

<*•• "rdlnary talent aa ainirera. are 

J. *>. Turner. Imvld Athrrton. €iith N. Y.. John \V. Kerr. I^ H. 
CttmmfnjT" Massachusetts; G. W. Pomeroy and others. There la 
or- >rus of nearly a hundred voices, some evenings, of 

fi 

Ho la a<» affected 
-lla him that they 

I"' 

ir ►... ...,. ar... 

T' . have better 

It. 1 U,ll V. . T.. 

Wrwl« iiM fiwiit ZaUieavlllv. uUW. Ih^l h« U1«U in ociwber, itt«4). 



94 OHRONIOLES *m .-^ V, aR PRISONER. 

Mnr»!nv July 27lh. - Prosirated wUh •evrre pain*, chill* and 

fi-ver ted inoMt of the niffht. Getting a •niaJl ple<-e of 

be*f i. . lieu of meal we have a fine dlBh. Griffith htn* 

n«. . iven un In Virginia by Wesley Nor- 

V 

1 .>.AM frt-" * " vta connicting; pai>-r- 

■o far th«' ri'pii: 1. then clulm a vJ» v 

Ij<»-»- .. ; choke \. . cdllorM. Hood f- .^ 

f. nd not leave the town. Sherman Intends U> 

gi. : i'ing Johnston has all summer be**n runnlitf 

away from, if he makes the stand. 

My complaints are unabated; are attended with weakening 
pains which at times prostrate me. Rations Irregular; often 
missing a day or two. 

Wtnlnesday. July 29th. — Had Job greater patience? Here ar«* 
men of true mettle or we mlKht see ihtrm knocking at the gatf 
to swexir fidelity to foes. To lie down is to submit to be eaten 
by licf and rot. When streitgth falln. surh in ihi' lot of all. ".Vll 
that a man hath will he give for his life.*' Hut what > •' • •• 
to give? A Kri'at dfal of money will get a little flour fn 

such Is thfir lov. ..r i. ... , v i-ut ih.ir lack of love for : y 

feeds us hu.nks We are In prison ami they 

visit us with t' s; we are athirst an«l they 

give us to drink of water tainted with filth and excrement; sick 
and affllcte<l and they torture us; weak and weary and they 
give us to rest on the sand filthy and full of breeding vermin, 
shelterless and th€>y give us no roof; lacking raiment and they 
lake much that we have. 

A man shot dead, the ball passing directly throuKh his bead 
back of tl; " ' ' ■ • .utiy 

looking at ^ 

I bouKi>> '" • »-►. ' ' - '•■■ -• ' " i.ii* for 

sup(M>r with procei'ds from t 

Thursday. July 30th.— Hr- of a small biscuit 

and an onion. Prisoners arrive; a crowd gathered when a cannon 
was fir*»d u\iT tho ramp 

Friday, July 31st.— S during the night, one 

from a cannon, the shot .1. Yt-sterday and to- 

day's arrival of prisoners in >. White flags are put In 

the rnnlfr of thn |>riMon to ground on which crowds 

v\ . Ill be fired upon. Accord- 

It , 

' - * • - A fiw 

i»« ». — • ^ >» Sundays 

falling treei and making the night air ring. Last night my mind 



(•»ni< tM* I.KS 



A WAU r 



waa filled with thouKhtn of thr nilii«>r>- of T 

•leepw One poor l>oy near crleri nil nUht 

suffer no Innirer: h*» I" nn nwfiil ohj#M't; I. 

a rm» of a nhirt; h fmtnc. his h.ilr 

from his hi'nd: hl^ I f«*«?t nrc lui hii 

waim. I I 

thouirht tti 



.ul.l 



95 

not 

an! 



O! 



I II I iin Hi. II II 



\ 1. L- ),.. }x ,\ 



belivw a filtl. Thru Uv it the blesMcd ajx 

dealt otif h*»!!ffr** 'r: t>ft: •< wr nrrrptrrt r? r 

cries. .ts. U iM li^i- 

both ti : rin Ohio 100- . i 

since thi- uunili.ullun. He thinks the l-'rL-mui.i titkcL will 

withdrawn. 



are 

ind 

be 



It 

Tf 

w.. 

T. 

en 

to 

w) 

th. 

rn 

of 

Unci 

As It 

bla 

u> 

of 

ca; 



*»r« 
for 
.itliifr. Is throuRh their niiiitary prisons and 
■* of wmth on "Lincoln hirelings." as they 
\y In their power. But the ever present fear 
.•r mnn m*»n wouH !># sl»ln hv huiulreda. 

of war. 

iPir the 

■ or- 

..le 

ip- 

- If 

•Ice 



to ' 
If fr^ 
their *• 

IHA- 

of 

an 
ar*" 

sur<i ... 
Ism. Is 



-1. 
pull 



II. 



of long standing. It Is 



ly. 

and If 
t white 

■lri« 

on 

• r<?n 

ib- 

..vpot- 

rs; Woe 



9< CIIRONirLKS OF A WAR PRIHONKR. 

Ik* to ' * ' :- - • i '. "..- I.. 1 I ^.. .oi-.. 

of HIh 

to i>>i 

ct • war I \N • 

ar . ** <"ruol ni i' ! 

the 8uuth inio n ioe of everybody tintnuoniBtic to their customs 

and lnw0 

Shall Lincoln rorall hln omant-lpatJon proclamation for thf* 
reanon whli h am iiurely exIiitH a« we are at war? It maken It «h«- 
deadllent war of any century. Nor ithould tho [>ollcy of all<)\\ ; ^• 
niwrroeii to flRht for liberty be rccallfd. Shall free men r. • 
ai <-oncede the i of th's* holl-born ulave powrr • 

It That 1h tt loaMly |}«hup— to b«« foujchl to 

«!r«i.i ii'^x well do I r«-ii . ■ . • . ihe word i»a»j«*r| alonic th*» linen 
at Mine Run and other placn lant fall an<I winter: "No ox- 

ch.ir)|ce of prlHotiern. men. r » .r • The ivime word i«ounded 

rtlonjj the IlncH In the fiery ■ ; the WllderneBJi. The dl-- 

wan cai«t. We foufcht with our eyei«. Who do<'ii no» 

nov. r*.«llze ItM Import? Davis n'^eks to sn:<ere«Nle the lawn of war 

with hli« old ulave rode. Soon after Lincolu'ii enianrfrnt'on r>HVl!< 

notified IiIh <'onKre»H that he i»roiK»j«e1 to turn con i of- 

ncern thereafter over to State authoritlen In Stateit v. •!».>.» 

to be punMhed under State lawn provhlhiR for rrJnili:a: i 

In incltlnir civil Inwurrerllon. That in hlH dlsp^nitlon. c. , 

the f.t. ■ ■ ' 

iuif»i> 

he rf\ ... 1.^- 

for fo ^'nltlon. 

er\ « the Intel:. ^ ... . '■-' ;....< .4. • 

<l ' navafce Inhumanity. thuH neeklng excuse to hanff all 

a mejinajfe to the Corif. !- 

I you. In your wlndom. ^1- -m 

iMwm* «»th«r « wufiH* i. «lellver to the neveml .*- 

nuihoritles nil coni em of the I'nlted States 

m^y hereafter he ca; lun 1 !•> our forcen In (iny of the St.itcH 

embrnre<l In the proclamation, that they mav be d«'aU with In 

ii' ' ' ■ .: f«»r the pun- 

I' nurrecllon.**- 



The futme 1. the Confedemt. 



lonii •■' t to authnrltit>ii of 

to be llnff to the Ittwn 



ClUC •Nl* I.I > ''I A WAK i"' ""R. 97 

law wn^ nrvrr r^'i-rnJr-!. nn thnt ns n ]> . -<itlon. nny of- 

f r M<i« II 

!. Tho r. . 

•ho\s 1; in ihe 

\ ar. i>rlor lo 

ft , .•• •• 

I: 

t ; 
\ 

jclve 

. turn 

: niiirojids or work In 

I 

BUERILLA SHOWS PLUCK— GEORGIA PATRIOTISM. 

ti of »»UI - 

of plly 

^ 1 1 < « • < I vi t . i i c 

K <Jt 400 of 0«n. 



t 

1. 

Sick or«lfr*M| (■ 
:iir-itn \n Ihe mor: 
• cati Miiik. 
Auir'!^' ^»h — Ptrk r*>mf» fo fh«» ftowth pril«» In h^r- 

t 

1 

K • T. ••'«!» t'» I •• r<-tini.«'l )i. til.' iiKM !i.g. < »h, 

{' " hrm of whose ffiirment they might touch 

1— At (luyllKht n mnn uhol nnd limtAntly 

.' ' •..-.• 'f .• I.' .. .• ) . I I ,.. ., ., f 1 .Itv 



nn ^• who w«»re Ciitlinic him 

T!''' m-i w:\jt rnTlcd out. 

out. 8o 
\ R#»e»i- 



br««4 p««: il tprcAd through the co 



98 CHHONKI.KS « T A w.\K i'ms''M:fi. 

throuirh th<'lr Importunity that thin movoment In made. They 
appear frl|fhtenp<!. I henrrl another iwiy. "Condltlona are nhame- 
ful." I^nir hnv*» .lorfor-* complaincil that their Kovernment 
furnish' f nor decent quartern; that men can 

not b«' .1 on »uch fare and In these quarters. 

One tol.i .-.t. V ,r ! iu<urt that n»> ' not live lonjf on the 

rations |flv»'n n»«; that well men be nick. They have 

some new tents up; some are \ let! thither in army 

wnRonH. The Holn'l s<TK'fant who s today said: 

"Captain don't care how man\ -'i- »«•• sjiys he has 

kllle<l more men than Joe Johnston." th« "What did 

you'ns come down heah for If you'ns didn't -. -^h fare? But 

we can't help It." 

After two hours laying In a crowd, "no sick call," Is an- 
nounced. The sick are beInK returned to all parts of the prison. 
I am ilvinfc on rice alone, draw some, trade meal for some. 

Report Is rife that our government hits offered the Rich- 
mond dlKTiltarles to accept a parole of all prisoners, especially 
sick, and take c.ire of prisoners of both parties. I'ntloubtedly 
this Is the dispo.sitlon of our ifovernment. This evenlnir I met 
an Intelllftent talkrr who knows what he sees more than most 
men. Havjni: fre«|Ut'ntly met him. I Inquired his name. "Huerlla." 
he replied; "I am from Illinois. h:ve been a prisoner ten 
months, came here from Florida; I will stay ten more, I will 
be eaten up by lire and mj^Kicot.«* before I will ask our govern- 
ment to get on Its marrow bones to these Rebels. I am glad 
to see Lincoln stand square on his feet. I was a Douglas man. 
not that he was a !>etter man. but had had more experience. I 
knew both personally an«! now believe Lincoln the best man for 
the place. If I can get Into OojI's country in time he will get my 
vote." I referred to the report: he said: 

"I asked the old Dutch If that thing was true myself. The 
old bummer looke«l mad. but answered more than I exp»'Cted: 
•Py Cot ve vllls to no such ting! Py Cot. v.- " -' rf every 
son of a pitch' Now. I tells you. you vllls all ve vllls 

parole ye — an fn-fore exchange, py Cot. your C'o ••►o tevll- 

ment. Ve cot you foul!' Turning his horse around to go away, 
he said- 'Py Cot. you as veil pe schoot as stay here, and ve no 
trust damn Yanke«'s.' ' 

Friday. August Tth. The n*rk carried early to the gates but 
not received; ordered to i '<t at 2 p. m. iMctors have got 

It into tholr h<«n«1ii thni ' fin Is necessarv. and so much 

cr. " }i<i thry 

or tM<l that 

notn" «"iiii' t • 'Ml' •! I • « \N I'wi 111 ;•' ~< IK > >.i I ■■< I . .\i.iii.> iii«' iitkeii out. 

It gives hope that they arc going to try to help us. Men t>erslst 



rHRr»virLE8 OF A WAR PRISONER. 99 

In flAtler: thai we are •Oon lo be ri'llovetl. I |fuar<l 

airnlnnt il • nnd cjefer ho|>e nht!. i t!on la def«'rr»Ml. 

The wolf at (hr tUmr will not ifo nwny \ -y until drlvm. 

They brouKht ua to C!«orirln nccorcllnir ' »"n ^f powcm 

thAt be. that no ahelter ahould be furnitthrl \'. ♦■•nerii. 

Thev will not releniie un fur our luike, hiivo 1 our 

Their y 

They f h 

They »M'»c;in the war 

nice. If they believe In 

for m^'rcy"* Hna the ifovemment 

one rlicht the North dalmn for Itaelf? 

wr not con ; our nenHe of Juiitlce to npiieuae un- 

•■.U^r: wmth. they not plftce<I the diiKff^r to our 

Hhnll u.- hv delivered by the mur«!erer» from the 

r nipent«*» Not till the Innt pillar him been broken 

ited thin war nhall rule no more. 

f. Yet we have hope whUh all 

•t I r, H •«ur rr.< Mir; t "^ \-,' > m -i-^i fall. 

A PRISONER'S SONG. 

Strident, yet more ntrldent, 

Sound t» ■ • ■•■- ••'' \v:ir. 

In our 'nl 

IJehold 

Patient, yet more patient. 

We'll be<ir the palna of fate. 

Awake, oh. aplrlta latent. 

And ward the blows of hate! 
Higher, and yet higher. 
RaIiu* the hofie of love; 
I^t ' S Inaplre 

An ! prove. 

•T, 



The paf 



1 « lumor. 

ver. 
11, iiwiftiy «»n\*ard atrlde. 
En»»!nv!rtr »vr,r--«i to ^ever. 
At !^I 

8t' idy. 

Iv 

Tl ready. 

Thr> «n.>>.- u •...,,.!« ao alow! 



100 « HH' 'M' i.i:s < »J A \N \i: i'i;i>!» >NKR. 

Stnrvlr.fr w.- :;-r ?;Tnrvlnir! 

<• . 

U K'hl 

(r 

T -aiK^d to bllghU 

Th. An.l I walk 

In th. A M. tmible 

ci.. . If 

oif iiuin 

hli; cvit. ihe liiuMl ItilMviubit: llUin 

!■ ! with the benefits of life. 

Wi' ! an Iceberic and a fiery 

fur re at the mime time. To 

bt- Hi iHi<, 1.1 citi* sense. Is a mysterious art. 

y« 



. ,>>■: 1- 


I I • • 


..... 


•'• 


. .-•, .. 


'OS 


our endfl 


1. 




HouKh h 


« \\ 
















\V.. Uf ..vv . ,,vv 


). 








■ .» 


u V. h.i in 


;. livlii 


« Statue. 


n« • 
















.1 about 


by 
















we are 


encased In steei. 


He 1 


H one. 


at 


Ic.'in;, 


, w 


h 


Lies 


us. He 


has not only K«>t 


r*'.^ : 


■r- Try 


of 


nv.r !■ 


".(» 


J ' 


. he 


has the 


heart, and the ) 












il llK' jK'ntlment. 


H<>o«>ntly «n 












but it 


was not devoid 


of 
















.ble 


!«'• 
















A 


CJ. 
















rlt 


hit 
















nhn 


a : 
















I»Ot 


m.' 
















.•nt 


N«-- 
















nt. 


Ir. 
















.p- 


tur 
















K* a 


sick iiMtii •'>. 












.i I, an. 




...li- 


tlon wnm TT' 












>>o jf«»t 


y. 


of 


h\*> 
















I.ulf to 


h. 
















ird was 


Ofi 


















of 


















ai> 
















. .1- 


th 
















of 



es' , . ^ . :Avr- 

vlew WAS abrupctjr ended, the woman ordered away, the man 



CHRONICLES - i x >. x.i PRIflOKER. 101 

driven Into pHfw>n. Th^ v*'Xt »1ny »h# onm«» nKft'n brlnirtnif cloth- 
Injr Wire 

l>n>: in. and 





•*1 




l>f 


»rr\ « 


Itf. 


IN. 


> a 


trutii «.oii^«>> liiK (iuiit ti 


i fell. Ho 


prutMibly vlaltcd : v an<l la 


n'n forcoa.) 


STACK ARMS. 




8«^. Oil offlwr In «iu.mI of mm. 




To ' ivl; 




Irr. ti 




To .> • rv . . , . t« bleetl! 




Kon'nwrjir «»ur > on? Nol 




Ki»r It* oaUM*' l^ 1* 




Join Oip hom« of Fr. •? 




Fur hrtlrr iilarvr; In i 





Wr flffht for M4>ctlon, Soulhion? No; 
W> flKht (hnt liberty may Hproad 
o>r all the lan«! that fn-omon know. 
VVher^. to<^ lon». the nlavf had tri'Md. 
\V. ' rid 

\v -n i«uppn»ii»^d; 

It .1 to Mtnind, 

At •• rcdrewied. 

r.i' *, -iiK 

H- in your aoction built? 

To M rvll to prulonc 

DofM but enhance the maater'a Kullt. 

Pntr!»>H*m Kvow<» ro !lf»»» 

T» ' iln: 

Tl <u 

Tl imiln. 

A> 

T> h be fro«; 

A. y 

cr. ill i.o 

Ht Ml 

Y. 

Yuu k' diajivtil. 

Tla m. i.t? 

Th« "8lara «ixtU Hum i*uH Uuwn. |>ull down; 



102 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 

Th^y lend you wron^. In Slavery*! ways. 
More hntcful than King George's <r.>wM 
Our fathers spurned In other dayn. 



RAIN KNOCKS THE STOCKADE — A NATURE STUDY. 
Saturday. AukumI Mh. No «ltk call, the pour fellow a arc dis- 
appointed. Well drtrsiicd officers ride out the street and back. 
Passing near \i» they Inquire of a fellow who Is whittling u t>one: 
"What State you from, young man?" 
•^ laetts." 

ither live here than In Massachusetts?" 

"Well, you'll be apt to live out your days here, for there'll be 
no exchange till the war . !.->. s :ind that won't be in ten years If 
Lincoln Is your next I' 

"There'll not be a s guard left of this crowd before 

that time. Colonel." rfnmrk<nl the other. 

Before they rearhed the gale they haJted to buy a watch, and 
a few of us followed up and I asked: 

"Colonel, will you come bark Into the Union if Lincoln is not 
elected?" 

"Ho. ho! You Yankees are not fighting for the Union; that's 
your mistake. It's the nigger you want." 

"If McClellan Is elected will the South come into the Union?" 
I rei»cal»M|. 

"Ah. the Union! The Union's gone up!" 

ny this time the Major had got the watch by paying 1100 In 
"Confed" and they spurred up. We are often taunted by the slur 
that we are no !>etter than niggers. They say: 

"You fight with niggers; you think It's all right to fight us 
with nlgfrers." 

We retort by saying that It Is no worse for a nigger to fight 
with UH that) to work for them, and that they would put u gun 
In h; f they dared. It Is not so bad for thfm to be hunted 

by I It Is fc»r ui» to be hunted ht-lpU'Ss and hjtlf starved, 

by bi"" . ji'MjiiflS. 

A little after noon a man shot and killed. I hastened and 

1.. .r.. J n.f ),. VI .« Diiplng water fr..ni th.. lirook. T>"- ^.-.ti..,.! 

be closely The 1 1 

teiiring out ' •«. The * -s 

Ml by the officer of the day as they nil are 

sure fire. It Is a story never denie^l that for 

i a furlough Is granted. In a few minutes a 

with blood and brains bore another Yankee 

lu Vav J-a 1 h'-U-H-, 



fhrourh 


'i 
fh. 


. . .• ;. 1 

Mrantiri 

Ilv 


i«» 



103 

tie •trcam to 

Ur eiijit Hide 

on the we»t 

.SiM^:* .kM it occurred 

over lh«» ramp »uc- 

i on ua. 

f their 

[Up wits 

IN our- 

•4-: ! ri...»- 

It . 
a ' 

were uul«iiir. Al Ihvi**- piiicm lh»- K. : in line of battle 

for more th^n >»•? ho^r nr.-\ •.vh»-n fh»* -I. they hiul only 

lime to t«- . night; so fires 

wrre built ^ht. 

W. • lild. 

Injc th< ut- 

inic ••! 
emcy 
than tl 

'pe«irii to UH yourr t- 
eno^lk•^ !<• ••ttf\'- ■>• 

y- .il-IMMiH for II- by your 

•!•:■ n. yt»u are !.i ^ »re b«r- 

b«n.«n». ' l';«>i.ty uf other taunts urv liiUulgtHl iiu uieit get sick 
of II 

Tv The 

mofit ^ ^ to 

what It r^ • 
than sixty 

p,.- 

t«« r It can 

h* o a key 

to l«ik**ly lh*^*«> livM M.*1U iirtf to ol>jilrucl the dlfvlnc 

of 

' M In 

ti A ho 

br : an 

e« ne- 

f • . aJI 

« ink we will, if w« 

».* , «is. 

tftemard Brown, wlio Is an i^cllsliman and not a soldier, on 



\ CUROSlClsKS or A WAR PRIS*- >..... 

roI«». tti-r.ss..* thf bril.f Th it It was fortunate for prlsonera 
It F' - It wan the Intention of 

r \» v on the prinon had any 

N Hie within seven 
V III writing, on 

'le onler. It wna found on flie amonir the rec- 

.. . ., . . . ,. . . . , ^^.^^ 

-•••\v- 

. ,,...».! .X.. .> ....- .-.. - ...-• . ...^ ..^ >... .......*. Ileal 

ler: 

Headquarters Mllitnr>' Prison, 

Andersonvllle, Ga.. July 27. 1864. 

on duty and In charRe of ry of Florida 

:i!i>..- win ui'on t.T.-ivinjC : t Hv ••nemy 

' this post. »•; the 

f»ce to the sit ^ ond 

•se lines uf defense. Jt»HN H. WI.NUKU. 

HrlRiidler General! ronnnandlnic.1 

Five men sunstrmk and r»'ported dead: most of us are 

ir. •?'.••! i.v heat. F«'r m.'t.- n.iii ;» t>i-Mi!!i II his b.-t'n almost 

The ««a. ouRh us 

• f fiTv - h'»l and 

s. tth. IUhI 1 iiUKlil (• vl thf tth.i'le of the 

>r whose green trees loi>k pityingly over 

would be by an hour of repose on 



Mt. Th- rate 

•*They i well 

Mr huspUai. Il ts * riK^i hard place. li)« doctors 

• In 
are 

...i . .1. » .11 __.,,|j,jp ,j man's 
swamp. No 

.» . . •> . licar the rate 

C (or somethtnc but In vain. Ws lay down to- 



nil los 

nirht huncry. ^ ng all night, 

ftll day and aJl nlgtit again, with no certainty of anything to- 
nwrruw. 

ODE TO WIRZ. 

Cheating th»'fn who truly tru»t 

la a cowar<l'« vtltaiiiy; 

Itut when wa yield to whom we mutt. 

We Buffer viler tyranny: 

If V. ....... . ., 

No Vinuv hu: I, 

And '.vhl h -. ... 

A » ly 

A V) -e: 

Hut v.iy 

Wh ity. 

: w.iy 

'mil nut Mia very. 

L-. tiit A.^.. ' ordure. 

illtv«» -• Mil fif fl • II rn! 

tr ■ " 1 

<•. ' 

\,:- A n fj .1 .i»Mi?<»- 

or I n«*e a new- 

,.,, . '!•»,.. fll..^ 

tt 

W 

n 

u 

I. iie- 

\ . n n 

If 

U 

»• 
I. 

If 

u .- . 

due* phiUM>* uf ntilniittlon degrees 

A FEW DAYS DOINGS— TENNESSEEANS 

Tfuirw lay Au|ru«t itK In cami. arf 

tlml>era laid .11 r.inii th- nlde north of the 



4 runoNici.Es of a war i' k 

». .■ , f.i .. r,.u thm will hflp enrape tl luumlnic frtim 

•> and brldxe hnii been nuide which Im- 

• h; h1»o a T" il from thf» north to ine 

iMirl. We I "f f'Mxl bul 

wH- corn hv. kind of bean. 

if poor beet ha« 

nd in lieu u little 

• H \N V U.i\'- luiit t..ik«- ■ ' ' md clay. 

f U8 have niw meal, we c) ■ bake it. 

' • ' " ' • • ... i..- . It *MO.;- 

!• to bv fatfii • 

,,.... „ . :. Kruanlnic day -i;--l 

iKht. It In r«-markjible with what tenacity life cllngji to emaci- 
led. rorrupt«Ml frnmeii. 

Wllllnmn of the lUth N. Y.. of Lyona. N. Y.. a boy of eJ ; 

on, talent and refinement, a nephew of Hon. AU'X. Willi - 

Iflited un. He la. declining nipldly and enfCUKeit our aympathy 

H rt V»y ff» oheer auch a aweel aplrlt. H** ahoweJ uh the llke- 

iful girl, remarking that he never expeclel to ii«>e 

At.pl bitterly. We all i»arted with him reKrflfully. 

II,. her). 

X jck today by one of the dally duties of men. 

to tiouth ihr •> "P I sec them atrlpt- 1 

.»r lice. Imn t«T roll ciill they ) 

• ivih" or a ■ , „ fT' an they expri -^ 

. •• the "gniy backn" a cbMinlng out. I 
«<t cloihlng. ntlckinf? along the n« 
khere the tormenta come from, how thpy grow In a day. or an 
■ ur. Ih a myatery. Drawing our minda dnv.r to htiriflng lire la 
iling: but tho man who don't lun't '• 
1 In hln romp"«>y once a day in 
Utvv timea makea a man of th 
e la MOon over run. pitied. I«)atb' 



• ■ 1 

H. loUM>. br««Mii. yell«'is»Ml 

• .-a! And we do iMimh 

Itut I am the onh r 

', we be wit/ted to 1 

t.r ight t.o ot.*- wiiiM ne obllffed to aulMiin t<> my 

I'oor. Indeed! 



rHRf>NirLf:> WAR PRISONER. 107 

•< I have b<*<»n pre- 
vrr ^^>4\ I cnr#» to recall: 

If < tx Rcn- 

rr.i \y, that 

I «! • iMiiK. They 

«r« thill I note. 

..... ;.. the othem 

on ^Inco I nr«l wiw him. He hud 

o«' III** u.is 'h.- (■•ttnmon com- 

pl.' Is', wan from 

f' t'iiilor within 

' iinluiiilitiK the removal of 

<•<!. The iivernKe In over 

I.' Wi. on Ihi i:.Ui. HO. the 17th. 128 f!le<l.. I 

itfii I Ifl on duty at tli«* hoH|iltal. The alok aiculn 

!i. but tlr ?..»8- 

Mtn. It 1 'Ji- 

i-K ' .\t) u Hick III. Ill i>i'(>>ti- iiM- •i<it lor 

an 

V ^v .« 1 .k.fi ..nt I.. .1. nwful con- 
dlt He l« f N. V. Four- 

tei • r li»\.- !.i(l condition. 

<Thlii •!• hurt hl8 fool a few days 

aifo. h: ..t h«'nl. Oanirreno net In; 

It y U*it*'. T)t«* liiitbtt t>( othortt are so ufTccted ufl to 

be Moiit of thoin \v#»r»» -tronip heavy men. but we 

ha-. W rail. <: •< one of the friffhtful 

Ph \V. M. T. f the 111th N. Y. re- 

' rge 

MIC 

in 

of .•»d 

lo ifn 

In • d with 

». . . ntag- 

1 Kut . iiurlon and 

t r"» tt VoM ynnks 

•r.-d 

nt 

n.-;. .ii.k'-t l.» i"\'r hltii. colli J ij.. no 

m«' 

' - ' " •• ' • ' fM»n 

cot -iid 

n\n ...\ay 

co^ . I In It. 

Ifu- -.mI and 



>8 CHItc^NICL^» OF A WAR I'llISn.NKn. 

♦" t». .., -I ^.,^ ui»on the cxAct »pol where Ihey were lo 

: ^iw lo.lav HiM.k.' of M il'T riirrlll. Commls- 

: . hnvlng ref- 
ill nnd other 
..1 in ii|>cou!:itlnn« 
• •m the N-w Y"rk 
:u Ihefr \ 
. on -T) 

s thn " . 
:t<> his II 
. ■ iH «|o not ' 
t wh'ch they 
» ,:! their owi. 1 : 
trait. To me 
' success from 
leir Ilk* prr have tibrond. 

lurh .1. so \\:r- lltlcal bloker- 

jRs. In the ' Mule of triumph 

ml ». »»opf» oil on. They believe 

l!i the past, would do 
• er to Io«ik down op a 

' C. SOphlH" ' - " 
^ are n : 

. « t t « r , ■ 

'■•r I 

. _ . ■ \.>rth 

•• In this crisis! Rebels would despair of success before 

' y 
'I • > ten men for one. Men ifo 

! mon from Iheir friends to 

K it. Fi»ur men nre permitted 

i,'. Then mime will tmde half of 

!f A few will 

A few so far 

• :- "■■ '-I 



> fX' 



a. f. ;.ite! 

1 I cnme 

• toi.i tr •«; of 

: for hf( they 

; who 
• Inw 



CHIC 'M< MS 'M A N% AK IIU>«'M:li. 109 

WAV thmutrh nn nrrr-.rl mnh r)-»!mf>.! tn hnvo hrrn n^vA hy Oovrrtvir 
I .. . , 



t.*.-. . ... .... . . 

this « th.-ir k''iMT;iI hl«<l«»ry In^plr.- tIjfSC lines: 

THE MEN OF TENNESSEE. 

i;« 

H> for ti»ujilr> oup. 

\'. s power hud iiwayed; 

Km'h.\\v*l iljf lfii«l«»rii of the South. 

of lt>w urnl hiKh <leirre<?. 
And dormc*! the flujc ennlifn of truth. 

Hmvf men of T»'nneiiJi«M«. 

They lived upon tholr native «oll: 

T»wv I. .v.. I It \^.ii und true; 

Til- !. hont-Bt loll: 

'1 ••«• tljey know. 

Hut th« '•i»e who welffhed event* 

A"* t' ' r*>nd«Te<l be; 

Th- • iiojitlments 

I .'e. 

And when the I'nion of the States 

V.' •' - ' * - Its foes. 

Wi tilled their fntes 

\Vf >mes nwny, 

I V. 

Th rmed array, 
r.r . 

T^^-^v ?»f»Mm*>d th# nil# fh«f would disrupt 

rid corrupt. 

! behind. 

Tti t and mind, 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 

They • h and life. 



If » 

A . 



Strife 
•rn men 



li. .. ........ .,., ...^ ... , pen 

Hruvc men of Tennessee. 

and di« 
' walls! 
Thf earlh thrir br.l. Ihe roof the sky. 

Where woes their hearts apiml! 
And yet ull offers they resent 
That promise them to free; 
Hy loyalty Invite torment — 
True men of Tennessee. 

O. hail the men who know the right 

y,,.! for i' >" ' 'I • ' '> f -ll 

\s ' . .M might 

'1I,..'ik!. • all; 

And h«Te In priJion pine Jind rot. 
Thoiiich today they could be fre«! 

No truer men have ever fought. 
Thf»!i ni<'n of Tennessee. 

Spartan band 

II ' ■ 

Hut ' 's land, 

I nt" y day 

'h\ 
No \ .ith has sway. 

Til 



HOSPITALS. THEIR HISTORY. 

Votlnr tho ift.iuiMiNiiiiiii f>r liiitlillttv of .loriors to clear th«> 

hit «ls. 

It »n- 

p»l M 

do ! In 

fli- or 

>\ ; ton 



CU\ r A WAR II i: 111 

purti.illN r.iA. '. I will) .1 . : .ind la»t««l»HN. 

I' y water and ■ 

»i . . some well* .. 

• i tkitU MrtMheti lit Oio »«iiu** miiull Nlnnim. al\^a>M 
r- • •• «n«| mor»» nlrhf nn«! dny, h#»!nic poisoned by 

«> f«'verl»h. un- 

l- •• offiil Inicr- 

t' '■'•.: 

IJ • •■ .-.i.K ........i. 

it' III MtioiiKt-Nt in«*tr.' 1 find tlit'iK* 

i - iMd renultii. No Confvderule doc» 

i hoffpltaln here to date and they 
I ^ Ki^'M H. . !»«.•. Whi'ii the prison was built most of 

!■ -rn \v#Tf fr«>ni prlNons fiirther north. Dunvlllv and 

I hey won* under n>ofs. Conilnir here In 
V reudllv chilled through. Sonu* refuse of 
t hum w;i ! 

I rt- hoi V. 

I Itut ol H broke down 
4» M^i !. . . .1 brush. This 
^'^ The poles or lo^s 

men were put In 

imc as o«liuus and n« more commodious than 

'-n. A portion had a lose floor, no betls. no 

i The storm and wind beat th route h 

II ind r»»nd«»rfd p.'itlenls that retaln.Ml 
*■ " live. y. A few prisoners 
I or ren. •« L*. S. brand, but 

' " • I I*. S. rnK or not. 

I the only hospital 



kv riMim. We arriveti here 

I jTi'»t v.vM days after this 

was coviT«-«J 

th* \'t*ry »'«rth 

i 



pen. Ttie bospiuis now simply consist of old canvas appropriated 



n: < A WAR PIUSoNKR. 

from other . h. 1 .-j . n :ii th«' hMcii. without 

rioors. be<l8. bu: lay on the eiirth In 

Khuiitly rown. Ti h mitumtetl with offiil 

of uHMtlnir IkmIIi'h. 'i .|j fx)i.il.ttiuti in ronntnnt. Patients 

have no clothlnir *»> w^rn «1»irln(r th«Or Iriiprlponment 

ui.d in active srv ii«it 

much of that, i : to 

retain them jr >^'" of 

H«lualor. »U-. wl)lb' . ry 

exlutenren. i.. .. ..,. ixxhlcKii «k. • i . .-. .>, ... ,. ..ver 

Ihem. on 8onu' bones have broken or worn t le skin. 

Llin) s <.f otJi.is wh.s- fl.^Hh ha* not vanished. . Irn with 

«lr. , red. yellow and brown. In many cases 

ulr. wounds that never heal, and icanirrene 

Is hnvloK un unthecked »f not undisputed reiffn. Myriads of lice 
and flies swarm over helftless men: maRRots infest pinKrenous 
sores that may have orlRinateil from a scratch, a sunburn or from 
ulcerous eruption causeil by corrupted blood. 

These matters, seemingly. h;i " ible 

staire. There Is scarrliy of m«> . r>s. 

Nu: ~ ' : ' ■ ' ' If thoy \\.'.\'- A.,\ s.T)?..- .11 iM.- :<!tM.ttion 

th> do little to comfort and it seems that 

th«>(<- .......... ....• .. ..4ptatlon for the work. Kxcept now and 

then one. would lln-y be retained and for Just that reason, in a hos- 
i.ii.ii u.-ii oi '.-t..! fi.r \\..rk. From Ar vt t.. last there is nothing 
1. nothli . I but death, and the 

tors ha«! skill, and nurses had 

any idea of luinltalion. s«»me polln- ii-Kulai Jons would be visible. 
If this were so and the Richmond Kovernmeiit h^d nvnnt to do 
anythlnir but mur«Ier. better facilities would be ; 
met a doctor or two afiparentiv of nkill jfood s. 
Intent; but they - 
rirofess'on or to 



re. Ampu- 

i.,' or ex- 

• •• there was a 1 1 nicer i the 

• r«i .11.1 nnt ju?;T!fv :\- In 
tio rnn'" as I can heat. It '^n. 
HIiirht womtm!^ nr*» not h- of 
these f. Ity 
mther 1 Hi 
nrekn<»wii ■«' uu thhoti'I i h-- j.riH'>Ti i)\H i>»'u 1I1^<1 •• "'i *'> mili- 
tary and civil officials of high rank. Reports of surgeons. Drt. 



t'MIC* »M A U Al: IIJ 

Re^VMi. r. U.t nnt In pr ^ tfxprfmly 

■UI«m1 ! .. mm thul 

w»r* It- Miinkw. t>4?Ui 

or • .ur 

nil ' lOt 

•or 
If 

are told me by a doctor. 



WOMEN PRISONERS.— PROVIDENCE SPRING. 

'.Ht.— ltulny- A man wUh gruy hair has juft 
dl«- of mm; nrtoihor l»» -lylnir wifhin !w*»nfy; 

ittff 
nk 
m 
k- 

•el 

'.null ..f 270 l.vit l:!t ar.- ;iM.' to.lny to appear 

In line. Any nui lay'i ration 

ut once. Man i- . qj^^ C'od. 

*t ua: on th« • i.-*i for i»ir»-?iK»h' 

f "tnw hy n r uil Unrvry Lh-yo Mvrritt 

< In the aand outatde the 
to the crowd. All knew 
rii: He often 

ent .-* voice. wuN 

a K""» "■'■'k'-i. II |i' i.".«:ii >"iii K i> .1.. .1 i.ii.iiiiji n-M'jier. I have 
composed the following line* In hia honor: 

DEYO. 

n«vi.! Ti.- !.iy ui'.ii T»i. M.ir. I. 

! hand. 

1 

I .hi; 

I "1. 

d! 

t. 

ht. 

ly. 

na. 



iiolled In ditchvs by thm aco 



114 CHRONICLES < •» a uak IKISmNKR. 

Ay. lh«»uwincl« — paroled forevermore! 
No more his voice In song is hear<l 
Thn! ••w»'«-tly once hln comni'1*^ ntlrred; 
I ' <tn this dreaxiful ; 

of CJod upon hlh 

• the ration span* 

pen with him we share. 
i vlth us in flRhtlnR line; 

;hfr h«*re we pine; 
\ : >i iMi, III camp at niKht 

ilon flrellKht; 
< - nlRht and day. 

And with him in embattled fray; 
On plck<-l when the camp did sleep; 
In wcKjd, and field, and trenches deep; 
When a« skirmishers we cre^p. 
And here where foes thflr vljfUs keep! 
But now he sleeps in Dixie's soil, 
ore. no more with us to toll; 
^ In the lantl he helped to free 
1 i..i,, the bane of Slavery; — 
No more to languish with us here; — 
Dead, without coffin, Hhrou<l, or blor. 
Deyf>, i^ood boy. farewell, farewell I 
Who your wretched fate will tell? 
S I lly you were heard to speak 
■ M'>th««r, mother." faint and w«».ik. 
Tntll your starved and fetid breath 
Was silent in this squalid death. 
Thank (Jod. your face she could not see; 
Your soul from this damned pit Is free! 
No mor«« your lips will songs repeat 
Wp ht-iird HO ft)M«lly and so sweet. 
. . :.'. . .« iHMly. lot It rest. 

this place opprest! 

•J who was Its fruest; 
We who stay are still unblest. 
LylnK dfad In UeorRla's sand 
Iff olM-ys the last command. 
I>«'v«v r»-Mt. your service is done; 

your knapMkck and your gun. 

'I. ic(*nlal soul, arise; 

>■.■'!• 

.•>:.. Ml. I. 

\\ ll«»l««* « ■■mill. IIP! .Pi..»t7.i iiKiii 

Freed from this place of pest and bliffht. 



rHRONU-LKS OF A WAR PRISONKR. 115 





th 


uf huiuf I:. :!ai-:. •-•-•. It c-.r. 


. hi 


to hefKl iin<l pmctlc^. All I 


•y. 


It np^ftkii of ihf 


T.d 


lead UM In the w 


i .w 


m»!'» ' • 


( ' ** 


I h 


• n 


Influ , 


.r- 


Vive theiM* illN. I hiivc or- 


; t- 


Ibly nn Inner dellKht. a 


ot 


ans#l»— 




•They come to »uccor tj«. 


whA wtirmr want. 


They for UB flicht. t» 


ward. 


And their briirht «<; 


It UN plant. 


^ -■ - 


irtl.- 


Milton . 


worda Into th« 


r....ulh of A«lil... wi ..:..■ ..I 


:. Kve. which likely 


expresMd the vieww <»f th 


— 


I 


, f »,.. T- .rf h 



rul ntfcht. How often from the steep 

t:MI or thlrkrt hivn \^i» hcnrd 











< 'fi tn l'..r..|» 


\' 








K-htly mundluK walk. 

Is 


I 
I have ).. 










talk and d< 








•1« 


around la hard. '1 


he 


temt>nr i^ 




Is 


nothlnir pt'^nwir? 


but 


h. "■;•.-. f:^' 




.ind 


Nature 








l> iio less 


•we#t I 








T will not 


cea«- 








lh»ufih' . Ao OMQ 


die 










.\ioii<iii%. \tiif 


V)1I 


..:. I .SI. 


■ni 


imporUr .ro from 


VlrttnUu Grant's 


movements a 


mystery. S) . t Karly In 



IK CHHOXICI^ES OF A WAH i'Ki>< NKR, 

the Shf^nandoah with n heavy force, but whlppM him to pieces. 
yitig of truce »>ont off Charleston. The boys tnlk this news over 
with SAtlsfnctlon. Once In awhile there Is one who says. "I don'l 
carr how they do If I can get home." We draw rations of rice and 
moIa»s«s only, tonight. It Is a change and "change of pasture 
makes fat colves." 

Cnpt. Wlr* has not appeared for two weeks. It turns out he 

la sick; the boys hop** » •" <||e. Lieut. Davis corv -• •- 'he 

prison: we ascribe Im; « to him. We could ■ .ut 

for how "Old Dutch" h.. . ..•• i*o entert>rlsing. It Is : in 

to ride about like a p«»miM»u9 thief; to devise ways to punish 
offenders, as he calls men who attempt escai>e; watch them groan- 
ing In the stocks where he has kept them all day and alt night 
with hands and feet outstretched to their utmost, and grinned as 
he saw them hanging by the thumbs. While suffering this pun- 
ishment, two have dle<l w«» know. If more have not. It Is not to 
his credit. Neither 1 • little pretext to deprive us of 

rations from 24 to 60 h . no readily cjiught up. Neverthe- 

less our principal ratU-n m iv i. .-n bad. sour bread and hungry us 
wc tnlKht be. some ban been thrown away. 

'T-,. - . August -3rd. — An Interesting gossip w ■« .f.. .t when 
I CJi : 'hat there were two women In prl^ sed as 

Unl" It was accepted as a fact by : • gave 

plenty or fur believing It. and It was a topic for talk 

among th i: I was curious to hear. In June two sprightly 

persons weic hhown nif ns the alleged women. Many times after 
I wiw them, nlway?* !r.".'th*>r. always by themselves. There was 
nothing In their •• to discredit the story except male 

attire; nothing to to me. under the circumstances, that 

they wer ; ijc story that they were 

women. feminine of stature and 

of featur.-^. v «^. i n-- story could not be trace<l 

to an origin. : except by ridicule. Its believers 

wild tK.ir .1 . r..M.. . . I.I... , .. .,,.j accounted 

for • they have 

not ! nre on to 

the fact that three weeks ago they left their dugout at sunset and 
pa««ed the south gate. Where they went, how and why. Is a 
mystery, but the story Is now mor»» than ever believed. They 
were railed by som**. "camp angels." 

A. hints lly. he shall take his Se- 

causo we dif h him on Important -d. 

Hteve la a rouKn .\jr 

cause, slanders I A 

Union; that dog in ... ...i. ii » - »...,. i...- .— ...i,, ^^ <■ u.i.i i.-ner 

five them Independence. " Nonsense: yet he was all right In 



.•1 :i7 

» rmrikji. i 

A mm- : i?. 

Inrti Irn • ..I 

rt'. «, 

h<> rxerta 

\M i ^ I'T l.tH.'l .tT, I HIT II ; \H 

or^ ittusod. The iiuin wit i- 

v^tMxI. % who 

>•: out of .i silt see 
rr. 
Durlnic a l^rrlflr «»form « i«|»rlM» hnr*t •»«ii on th* north of Ihc 

wntnp cU»mf li» i* the n<irth 

ilr fn»n» i» <lr> v. In pur«', 

Nir • 11 

n> o 

tk* ■ 'II 

au 

ml' 

ri • n 

^ J. 

ill th«* 
f find 

I 

Id 
•f 

in ttji lurKP na my arm. while 

I 

I. 

i o( uur cv(n(*an> ui ii men haw Ui«0. wr wunUvr that 

•• ♦» not . 



ornc^ri In ih« 



im CHRONICLES OP A WAR PRIHONER. 

prison. Todny elirhfo<»n w^r^ taken out to be •«'' • >. 

I know of two who hnv# not irone: Colby, of ■ ro 

■ •■'■ Aiiof fuT «i.iy \n 

here. 

.\ 

N : ; „ „ :. 

.N - thai iihoot on vile pretexti*. 

N «»f imln .iri'l 1. i\ V InnffiKtr 

That preUM and b\cV 

My bmiy. thin my M • my brain 

With rIoudH of iiqualtti Ki«'"iii. like mianmatic mists 

That haunt befevered valen: 

Or like this stench that thick- .ir 

Niirht and <hiv up-«t»-aniluK • ' 

S •'. k'» "\)r, I. ji ni-a 

<• . with life to rottenness germnne. 

\\. .MM .M- i...^^MM.K .^...,- '•( tlilH hugc |>en. 

Nor nil these certain deaths that seise 

Stroni- »i •■!■ •!•! ti.\ ..?.• L-.iiic, 

Shall llHlurb 

The <• txl all h<*re beheld-- 

Kv»*n In these vrry w»ei« — «ire blesslnKS 

Which In time shall Rtorlously unfold 

And sometime hl»-H.H »>ur i>eople. bless tlv world. 

Ay. bless the fo««s fr«»m wh«»m offenses come! 

There never w;i Inflicted 

On men for sins of lh»»lr f>wn. 

r * ' ' ■ \\\,. way iMT i.i< ■'-iiiKM new. 
S we must, unto thr» «'nd. 

As III 

.*-Jm ili . 

and t>loom and l)enr ten thousandfold. 

honor martyrs slain In hlich rvnown. 
Kui ni.irtyrs hi«re who by thousands fall. 
>;f» fnrf^Mff* nf <'|of|Uencf' n>;iy praise; 
1- Mo dl<> In duty's strenuous path. 

li \ lous Its unwelcome course. 

Cnn ne'er 

Or fo««s In ...M.-. .x.M. K'""i iMiKK 111 

INTERESTING RECORDS AND COMMENTS. 
Thurs'luy. A\iK'»if»i J'.th Ilfi.ry lir-»,i/|.r of .ujr contpai v. 
dle<l lost night. Hr Jnlnril .mr rrKinient Inst winter fresh fr<rti 



CHR«».>i. i.i..~ " PRIfiONER. 119 

(nv «»>•! ffttMl n v»« • fy !n PoM»h*Tn 1'nM#Hl 



Ueuben Rllln to honpltm 

-- - ' ' • ' • ry 

•%. 
•»i 
'I 

c tvKuUlufit, lu ^krrti- u btili uliU chaiti hrfv utiil lu 

oviT thf flMiil nn«» InNt nifrht: wnn 
iir riu'ti but rrfuMtHl. Th«* fcuurij ahot 

our fuc<ra. 

m«»n 

-renirth 

•i'' unr t»( it iJiM'ii not iiriivo th«» 

• !t i-rt-vrnta acurvy In the mouth. 

• uriirvy in the mouth la 

. rn Kiirht «»ut of ton of 

i»o 



If he CUM • 


f 


rr. i U 
••urt to *. 


<aa to 
<|Ulda 



wvj. i:t> ilt.xii h. ihv aun. pulveitju?. lUen burn 



it iuy. Aususl ^iih. Al 11 ucJwvk ;u uu 1 i;vuta«U du U«*«l 



120 



CHRON*iri,K« OF A WAR PRT5<ONER. 



t» . f .. f . 



>it. 36 hai! alreu'ly gt«nc out. maklnrr 
The bodies were exposed t) the 



• mcthlnir In rff«r«-fire 

r;t to !h" RM\..M!i;ih 
•im- 

ti.l 
. tn.l 

! f!..!!! 

If 11. .t. 

worn out: I buy a cap f<»r 

•mtlc convention at C'ht 

u for Prenldent It woul! 

"Lltllo Mac" will be th 

for him: he :■ next to "ItoM.y 

r luuulo Wood will i'l«'.lice thrlr 

'. thin Pandoni'n tH>x \n III ojMn. 

i>* iiiirik It the rnont lmi>ortiinl evml 

- ♦ "V f.reath- 

•:. . Th< 

.s rlK<'t>, 

•waltlnK." I Btoiip 



Ui> 



Kt-*|>uljliiuli. U Kl4>*.. The tXihal.K*- v, ill 

mntel In fhU \v\\" Man for mnn. offlrer 

to i 

obj 

Kt . 

th. 

SoUiii.-iw II..,,,.-, „... .•. .WW...--. .- 

Hold." 

Monday. Aufrunt 21m}. Mv ] 
15 cents, probably a 
caigo today. An Rel. 
be "Hcctlonal" r.ot to put him 
honored man. Rob<!^ rry "bMny 
Lee." Of courj<. 
frlendu* All an 
Juv:. U' '• 

In !y. 

«,..;i ;k' wuMWk.i . iinp Injit nlRht. RroplnR 
InK hun'lre<!!«. I came to one Hitting by a pr 
moon iihone briffhtly over tt.- tt....H, but 
lighting up the camp of t' who are 

and crf>Ufhed over the fi • knot hanging fire near th«-ir 

feet. I luiw the prostrate man wan dying, an hiii friend hel<l 
pl« e of biasing pitrh pine near bin face, no longer cotmoloun 
the mid acenoji about him. He who wan by hia Hide wa» liij< 
brctther. watrhing the going out of life, lie mild he was an <>M 
prlnoner. and five wi'ekn aK«» the dying brother came. The HUiM.-n 
change and Ireatin^nt throw him Into a fever. atten«le«| wiih 
diarrhoea. The m*'*^ ' h. In bin hard forturj.-. gladdrin- 

bin heart a iihort midly endi*. ThiH morning th 



broib.r • 

thn M«|i 

mark • 
fior 

WU ' 

hcitrd t»( fui 
home. Oh! ! 
can the Hllkcti •.« 
TuejMlay, A' 
Patrick was <Mmi 



d .<H». fade*! plr'.". 

Hut he who mourned • 
.. r. I..- Mhould be laid, i 

.1 brother. No team 

It r.r.r TTr fjM-tg the 



ti 



•M 



' iTiiiiKb 

•ii»>. (ill 

'I Wail Hi the fur ••! 

r' How many tlm.- 

«i»on not deHpair* 

June, that KM- 

> iniiiK It Stninge he i|o«'r 



not come, almost curse the seeming Inattention. iN-rhaps h< 



rilHONICLKH MF A WAK PRIHONKR. 121 

I . ht cnrne hrri*. but h« would be urmblc to hold the place, or 

■ r I,.. . ....t I t ....I.I . ..I t .. ...t.t.i I...I T.. t..,.i.. ii^ f.. <»i|f 

•rt 

Hh 

'. Incur 

lu lit- 

I <>ui Itiii'M ut AUuitlu. Moul<l not be 
f }%f, p,>mn>'>n w«»n«M». \W hMV»« only to 

' nm he 

us, he 

n.ig •.\.r UK. .itKi w •• will h. In- : I .ir bolter 

-• ^'-' -• - - • -ic! An If wo 

M|C to un. LmU' 

„.<■ I ih .ti.lrU- 

llV«». Wt p. 

!.. a dr- '<il 

r. wt» fatnt. t»ur Jt»y in. that nurvnt 

■ rf«"<« rr;tv *n f''^* ^"''I Our bl<HKl In 

lltlfl«>ll UJI. 

• hi* tw«» we 

• other 

•ud of 

to^jur 

V t«» a 

at the 

rn! 

• or more irreat 

<• of truth, nnd 

ffr n common 

fk. ittwl. •'•>• dl<* by 

'•• who I- mv hnndn 

in nnd 

^ N the 

We be- 

'■ •»!«» 

k 

A p' ,( 

n 
t, 

fAlnt and WMik: am obliged 

»i»- .1 ;' .irkr 1 f^n r- :> r.un.' up when sittlnir. Men walk 



122 CIIRONICLK8 OF A WAR I»RI80NKR 



aru 


(■••I.ti 


)U 


.llv 


r<«- 
l. 


1 ioitK Tor 


•i 


1 i: 


. to 


At 


fir-l 


H 


Ml) 


It 

.•> .-r 



my ncr of wHiklnic. 

hell '; othrr r>rK>r vW I 

•tnuiKr lo i*e*? IM» inic l!i« ;• 

rwurrfKl to mc w ■ u««*«l i«> 

to hlin; but they arc r . .-.iful 

•tuff of llfo. My volc»» nl ti: 

B«»f 'V lone 111. '• •■• • • 

Ihs WHH II I that It ! 

mow. w " " to i .. • •• \ '>"i 

ent It. > flmwn. 

wormy. Miroiiicly • . u 

n ho|f wouM noi iou<h them.— to keep nhvr the wuiiiiig Are o( lif«l 

we eal and nre thankful. 

In the prlnon luid honpltal 3.079 men died In AuffUSt. < 
only know* wh«»n thin calamity lo the American people will • 
The neK ■ been overh.iul«*<|. Some were slaves; a • 

have he< lit lo be sent l«» maslorn. A r|M»rl Is rife • 

foar of •■ • • rex'trt to a dmlt: ' 

choice • in«I work here. 

*'par*»le .-i i,--....^ .-.. - ... ii»er, '•''' '»' "^ 

In spile of slave roden. has c> 

by Ihe It.t . l,..<i.H powers of S 

tlon In k'roes are men. i»nly nominally siiives, i- 

ties. T) ■ r of war rolls nlonR. flashlnir the Tl^rht o' 

Because uf cnste the neirro has been denied i 

I'nlled States Rovernment. Now he Is to be , 

rlKhts as a man. Revolutions do not move backward. \\ 

this Is done our cnlnmltles end. 

.- ■ r 4th. — Have been quite languid: somei' 

hn> '-d me. Hope lo make my exit yet. N 

Inic «:• f '" 'iinnpiHilnls me. If I hear a Rood rr 

ne\ • It till all the facts address theniHclvrs to ni- 

ns . . •« ^ « 'ol till I »oe It In i»- .. . ^ . •■ •> », 

Inir." I; Id tell us we won 

1 shoul '. th. iMicf of . 

pains to tell us we at we ' 

that the C. H. A. Is t .lul and i 

"m «o'n* to be." talk i«.il prt-ny as lu how mucit !.« u.i o(r 
would b*» r*%\f of fhia *'bli»n>f<l hole." "henp n' hlsnl* for voiTn* 
doi «rd for th 

to ■ '*. but t" 

ran w«»rK. tumk .«:i-i wjiXr." A rl«'\ti iniii- f»«-r t:«.»i(t hmi" 

"You'na 'd do right smart to lake the oath, I reckon." Uut 



OF A WAR PRI- 12J 

.1.. Th. •. .1. t th. y \\«-r* 

. ly 

..f fr.^ K- \ 

liloa J. NS.itf.-t, of 

liup. rhilly. aun rlif^a 

new nrrlvaU huve correapuiidcnce be- 



flunk unil reur. Atiunta la 

.•I «>wn U to ua. The event 

il. 1( irue we ahall noon Kft onlera. 

>und. Gnint huida hia KruunU. preaaea 

1^ . ;^ik iluii ML^*l«llun und Pendleton wi*re numlnuted 

at < 



y 

< ttiiit iiucii inelhuiia of 

iMt. Illuatrutea rimkI and 

al. The work la not a«n»;ittonHl. 

i.ut 1% •TK'lnl tfuchtT. Victor HuKtt 

^>>r UlH'Ta\ iirlmlplt'a 

I'lfy, of Ohio., owna 

M rxMiKM w or II !'• I .iKM. 



NIGHT OF JUBILEE.— STRANGE SCENES. 
Tii- •<...% .<• 1 t. I * . r '• I. ml iilK^it "ii' of ih«' M««tilrlea ctIihI 

ta Wfll; litKxl la lUked unit K"ne 

nrwa. Yunka: Atlar trj \h taken; 

for you." S' X aaka. 

• hell, no; .*- afltT 

l*rlaonera were senemUy soon aatlr. Ch««r after cheer waa 



thouaanda. Chorda and dlacord expreaaed Joy and thanka. 



124 niP.' '••■•••>• OK A N\.\K iui.-^««NER 

Early in th«» • ff'^' i'Tii«nr**r« mm«- !n conffrmlnir th« 

news. tH^arlnfc a ; ■ .t( 

Auiniiit ?'»<h H.. 
force of 
nlno n < 
rel' • ^ 

f«^n detnrhmentii were ordered to be re«d> 
nio . .-.. . -^' •tcrnent; Iou«! rheerinR. It wt 

Im' h from HoMton, to note the u 

:.i for I/fnII««'H arlljit to iik«-t« h 

i-l«ll»*«! (croupH l**atiinK *»'» caneii n 
\ to full ill for Ihf KrMvi*. our linen, • 
whprr* f>)itr. I ftr^l likr tiikinK It quietly. In lniitanc<>^H %%'lth t**- 
the ?«M'!'!«»Ti thrill of Joy wan like the nhock of ^r»rr«»w In *'ff 
Mn* ' One man who ha«l pined to aln 

on ! •• newM Ii*a|)etl to hiM f»«<«t. Hhoutfd. . 

and f' 11 M. il. Ai • friendn: "You an- iii k""'K '■■' 

I runnol (fo. I \N ' b«'for«-: I had no hop** or \vlj«l 

live: but now If i .-j.m mv u little longer I miffht g«*t h« 
Won't they take me? Ask the doctor. Ifii t<M> l>a«l''* H<« » 
back on the »mnd. hl^ . v . -^ ^'Mretl. hin llpii fmled. for a nion 
wan flilfiit: th«*n wa- ind and said In delirious dellK 

•*Th.-v - .\ T !i, IV k'o- I. 

tnt>er ith. — Ten detachments went out 
the I this morninR for want <»f tnini«|Mirtat 
This ufirtiuMMi nioif lars arrive and they go. It was burly Ir 
nil nlKht. There are two parties: one full In the belief »»f 
fhanire: on** that we are to be shiftiMl to be lmpris<ine<I elM< 
Kxeltfm««nt runs hiEh. There is a rumor that T. 8. Ir 
are off S ' " ! with Re!>el ; T- 
beiauH*- There are 
M..<- ■ '■• ' •" '-• • 
th. 
In ! ' - : 

prl 

I for preservation. Ani 

them are |KH*mi«. * Uuineil HotneMteud. ' mostly written In Virifl 
last wlnT.r "Prisoner's Dream." "War and Peace." "Pn 
pS' ' oth«-rs. 

Incident of a father and son* Th* s^n nbonf nl 
teen, l.i 1 l-M-n f. ' 

father's care. T* 
hoi I "■' ' " 
to ' 

be separuled. The otlier mornlnv the l»oy died, the father kn 



rUROKICLEfl OF A WAR PRIBOXlSn i;5 

■ . . ^^^ 

for 

re- 

t eel. 
not 

••i>» i)t«* ft«iit**i iMtiiKhl lo %U«vUl*; tilM boy's 
,. wffh w»v»i nnttint! fortlttHf* nn'l r*«ilirna- 

•X a 

I rn - 



' men 

Jamea 

r. Kifgle- 

iit> '04) county. Mlchiipin. 

u' M.in. He left home In 

■lit of Unit Htiite. He was a Rood 

1?th '^4, In the bloody charice of 

li 1 taken priaoner. He waj 

■t .•\K worn by hard ii«TVlce. 

hiM time was 
that I don't 
K- • r. T.-n her 

a ' dreamlnK of 

Im;. * '-^ H an that 

of n itlrl 1 but the 

■tiTi;. \ Iju'sa he 

d' t nmoke with him: said Hawks 

n« ■ to buy ft>o<l. na he ahould not 

n«- ->♦* bim cruwt coffee for supper he 

w. I soon after sank In death. Thus 

perlnhfJ a The number of meri now llvlnir here 

Is put at : :i total of about 45,000 who have been 

Beptember 11th. — Btr«ets have been thronired three 

• •» •- »• " • • • "••» •'•»'•• '■ •' •»-» the 

^ In 

just 

b«. ..Inj 

t.. : left 

\l tUfs etiAblrd lu gCt a 



II? 



(36th) expects 
out. Wc have 



12f 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER 



bouKht meiil nnU ar« iMikinc ponea to tnke alonK. We are won 
derfully lucky; plim i. full of sood < hi-< r n.. : hanks t<> Jonnlcs. 
If there !■ a w- than t: prison we are 

ready to Jump li - r<>. The ) ng at>out many 

food thinira that wtil cvme to them whtrn thry get to Parole 
Camp. A t>ath this afternoon; r!o«<> nttfutlon to toilet In view of 
a lonir. tedious journey, be It v * r. and a lust look at this 

place of untold sufferlnfc, hen- 1 forever famous for Its 

Infamy. 

GEORGIA GIRLS WITH TRUE SOUTHERN HEARTS. 
S««inK loo uuch Mitlnr«i hu cuni;ralrd your blood 
And inclonchol) ia the ourM.- of frvncy. 



Frame yourtnind (o mirth and racrrirarnt. 
Which h«ri ■ IhouMind harm* and IvnKthcds life. 
AufTUStu. fJa.. Tuesday. September 13lh.— I sit In a cattle car 
wrltlnK my Journal. At dark lust night a loijic train came puffins 
up from AnjerUus. and stoppe<l at Andersonvlll#». and we got 
orders. In fifteen minutes we were rushluK and ^ k- crux- 

lly to the Rule; with shouts we strufctfled out ws of 

■ .p dust nearly !.■ to the 

of ihiit dark wall ' re our 

j..>. ......... -M.ibby lookhiR men. . .... ,^. j j»." sat 

They asked: "What State you*ns all from?" We 
• 'iiiiv :.i,,i i.i,.-.t I!..- .m.-..ti..ii they reply. "We'ns 

lo flKht wens for?** 
. .St the best govern- 
ment on eitrih." 

If they could not understand the Issue In the war by this time, 
probably they «lld not comprehend our words. We go right aboard. 
•0 In a box cmt. rr«»wlM#| nnd uncomfortable, but what of thaL 



death at, 
station. 



the 



Once more a' 
enthlv from ■ 



• • s<M>n off. JoicKlnR along tol- 

' getting aboard a few huge 

u<r«' confiscated and eaten, rinds 



be . 
Tw<» . . 
given on* 
nuh. but 
fellows f 
armies, v 
Mlla.n we lui 
gaunt pines, 
standing trees. 



•'omc <lo !?' 
• some I 



• going to 
thoughts. 
.11 I was 

.- . vn- 



Urgt 



it to thf movrmenl or fortunes of their 

• n In the night. Instead of switching for 

over a long road through bushes. paaseU 

i.ing com and cotton fields, with girdled. 

plantations, few houses, wood and water 



CHRONICLK8 OF A WAR PRISONEHl. 117 

«top« and whiaky ■tatlnnii. nnd arrived hen* Ut# this afternoon 

niii. »' f.'u.,...< f,,,.. K I.V.-...I ».v f»,.. .), .f.-.. •.««,ii,,i!>t» lo b« on 
a I .. Th« 

tnii rft are 

clo«e<l. on th«» oth««r ruiU«<t !»«• 'H, 

•tr. Thi'V nrn vt-rv tT-v?r*'c I ful. 

bu>*' ■ in A uifck. Aa 

to I A train from 

the Houth Is ihr.'!ik'- 1 wUh ii v \\K!i tnuakcta. recently 

-•crIpltHl." In aiiswrr to the n "W th«»y were ronacrlpted 

they auld: 

-We'na wu« ordere<l to report to the committee and wu« mus- 
tered In. Cr-- -^ left to b'- • ■' — kere on by wlmmlna and 

'ounir'nii. til icltii ilr 

Kvl<l<-t-t I iM. h!.. :.'u;ir.| walked in frnrit of 

the dtx. If with "^ to 

aay. A- who w nil 

the talkinir. inn*, altrr much lip nlM.ut thr unc of the 

North fri tjrffTn»»«« to live with the Houth. the u lonallty 

of and dennlation x%'e had cuumc>1. save hlii 

opi wh«n the war cloaed the Union would he 

re»«' • chI. Ho anid he mther It would not be 

ao. ''d. Thuii naylnir. he iillpped awny aa If 
he hi 1 

A k M. hlR hnlr nprlnkled with irmy. attired 

rt: . : • rty 

I in all the Htaien. Then ihe t*nion would have Rone 

M It w »- T.ur the North l« In polltica aa In everything elae. 

dtwhonrtit. r rional. Infidel, covetous, and the South must 

peek h#T onr 

\v 

\ . rth haa irrown rich nnd stronv. while the 

Kouth • •«*•." 

Hr te. 

<• "iji"-! im « 1,1 >.!» , the 
^'•ferrlnic to Mr. Lln- 



I a: nnd as 

to h'n ' Seces- 

sl«> ith had 

foil •• to hia 

pe(»pi<*- *h' ' ii'f«Tlorlty 

of racra. tl>. The boys 
cried "Hardtack, glw ua a«jinclhlr.tf to cat," ai;J Ihc man turned 



i:S C!HRONiriJ^8 OF A WAR PRISONER. 

■ullcnly a 
•pint ah« : 
drmsed. He i. 



It It 


IB 


that auch 


rh<-- 


"1 


nfnrtnr m 

.1 to lui. 

Thin 


UlKlt IM 






« a rt»w 




> 'me dwelling' 


. ihf or.. 




■ ' ' 


;i yard v 






m of fr. 




, , , 



If;.- rir .• ..f ! ■ ■ 
On the I» • 
Juilt bfforf claj K 
wc tuiw tU'wrnl \" 
" -Mr behalf. Tl. , , . . 

of the men In my car that they would come . . 
(Ced to open the door. JuHt after dark; twn .-f 
ai»t»cared each with n basket of bread In ainall loa 
handed Into the car. when thoy Immediately vani 
not ween aRaln. I »>elleve In my soul that these KiiiM inoit- truly 
manifest the Southern heart than has been expressetl through the 
yreat leaders of the South, either in i»eace or war. for thirty year- 
Warm was the love of each maiden's heart 

Who fed a hui ; 
Who by word or •• sweet hope did Impart. 

Ar ' * - ' '!y pin. : "wi woe. 
We inK diriy. poor atid hard. 

Hut dear m.i " from a dainty yard. 

And brouR! nets of bread. 

They watched In the RioamliiR and when niffht fell round. 
' They came with quick, soft tread. 

For they feared the iruards. who watchod the ground: 

Oh. blesHlMKS on r-txrh fair head? 



HOMESEEKER'S EXCURSION IN DIXIE. 
inifsvllU*. S. 1*.. \VfMlii.«.|ay. .S.-pt. Mili. Aflrr dark 



Alligator ■wr^mr* » 
and are ^> 
vilU. a f 
)onc nckeiy mo.-, n 





•t 




<l 




11 


Y■^k^ 


•»d to 


nt rt • 


f? a 




!h*» 




• -^n^on 






..It:--.;: 


v.tr. n.»ie» 



riin'^v 



R PRIROVRn 



11* 

lunc for 



iMK^nd. am 
rtrr. 
Florrr; 



le for ut 



, It will II. ik. 

At KlnimvUle w« »ol 
.. tice. The iruurd chanted 
1 where we are golnf. 



••\'. . from « ■' I »alJ. 

••}-;. up on tf road to- 

nlsht. HO wv g%f t nth«T wny. Junt an nritr." aaitl he. 

If I hft<1 rn? ht ! tri n|r! rrvty. I mifcht hftve believed him. At 

S o'clock !• fii«H| off af(:i(n. We had a •'• 

eniflo**. n ^- Affnr rurvcn n Utth* up %.•■ 
II 

« >' • 
t\ 



• 1 ii 



l>arr«Mi t'l 



I 

t ' 
A 
!' 
f- 
V 
t ' 
•1 

%» ■ 

fvrry 
neirro: 
prohl< 
I 
I 
I 
! 



An o' 



iMitf^h lir Ntiittdti. 'ihf i'l 
wht» fh«» r<»r"^ wfM do 



;i« ••. not :i flellle- 

>ut a 

iixea 

on I lie «»ili*T iil<le 

trnlrv or'1«»r*»d ^Ix 

■ I 

; :irul 

In a 

i ' .- A. Is 

Hut why (II. 1 

for the nefro? 

nji mi>n use 

' til.- night at 

thout the 

cy Is the 



V alnnir DIImI with tT*»m. mn^brnken. 



130 



CllltoNlCLK8 OF A WAR PRI80NKR. 



it.> 



U> III ihey don't own no <»t»o 

dorat. ii tivv.tki'iiH Ut*-i«iit<i.i.. I tiiiuKiiH* I am llvlnfc a hundred 
yenrm H^n, I th»f>k of Mttrton Hud hta men. their swevt potato 



home 

they iiHKin ,-•••- I...- .IU-. ...- 1 

l» but one wuy to ilWcrty ar 

Hll.i . . I f.r . V...I ihat Ih- > 

t- In the • 

%* : »ve; thiit 

luted by the teet of nlavcs iii 

of the rnr madr ft brnn/y; 1 

a* 

o 



O. for just one later, u 

'!« of 

th.it 
. I-. .►,■.> .-..> ... i.i'.ri Uiere 
that tH to flKht It out. In 

Ill!L-ht \\. iff t),it ltl.-MUIi't> 



I' 

h. 

ptu<«A. tni- 
rol 1 1 nir. and 
ellKtwn In r 
heelii In im. 

(fru.i.i.ii.,^' 

I f 

midnlicht. , 

twelve mnrths 

hnvtHK 

can n 

n: 

li 

of It 

lose t . 

■ufTer ; . . 



n |>alr 



The motion 

with a chill 

1? Ill ,i. • hiure I courted sleep. 

I he lontK and dlnromfort of my 

■,vn where iht-i.,- la scant room to sit up: 

II) old iKKit In my breast, or other tender 

' ■ . tired of re- 

i Ifj my face. 

t to 

■ • .1 



Ket a punch all amund 



Nearly twelve hi; -rs from three to 

;r>I>rlved of j > to tldlnens. not 

to wash (.***'« «.! h.ti.UM ituue our journey l>e- 

. rntlen: mlx«>d up with nil •«»rff» of m«»fi. offers 

;«»<'k has 
to think 



}'" A WAR PRIBONKU. ISl 

)»4kwf n mn- M% Wlv<»« think nf vmir huabanda 

> 

of I I I"' •■' \<«>ir ;i\sti \\1TM .1 i.iiTK.i iroMi i th- n>r.n«- i irii for 

A nlirht'ii rrpon«». 



EX NORTHERN MAN WANTS UNION DEDICATED TO 
SLAVERY. 
Fully »war<> thr f ilti h i! *^ ji •• 1. rh.- .niir'r.. .lotnrhM. ntlfT 
nil ovt*r I grti nn th' 

b - ;4 jillu- ntump. Att L- 1 ht? 

«\ h**ri» for hunln^iui. pr«' 'Ity: 

r. ""' 

f . ..: ■;.• 

t» ul ♦•vrr » 

I) ..' ....^ 

I . !o 

II ! t.. 

r- k: or 

|m; . t f».M. 

f^h.it ( «%itM to NfW Y«*rk. He 1*44^1. 

• I f fh«» Vrtrfh> hu«(n«»"«« wh^th^T »h«» Roiith hnfl four 

mllliot; '^f .ii-ivr^ or ' ti«n mi»r- 

k«*t of Iho North n I'-h of Mm 



I . >!1 I 

IK ■ .., : S 

H: tc» try to fMhlr-ntf* ntKK^TK: 

li. • V to nftcTr^T'* tt Thr»V run** ' 

Ha V 4- 

iimu» 

It . n w IK 

II . Tnlon on 

•< I'nion. On 

y . - 

ouffbi on iii<- «*c«<Jt<i. U t 



13: 



could » 
slavery urn an t 
cans. Bpawnn of 
not affrc« t 
no I'nlnn'n 
Tl.- 
b. 

o|(i M.l..- - 
ther*". All 

t«' 

ihv 

mates or t> 
tierin* on • 
•lave I 
tt»ln. N 
whut they 
they aro. 'i 
talked that. Ti 
or Ko to Cnnii'l 
can't be run \\ 
father tnlke<l t! 
you the com* • • 
pull this t! 
ateani. Ni. . 
them t' 
to pn>j ■ 
country < an i h* 



inONICLES OF A 

I 1! \v..u:i hrivr. 



^^ A It iKi>' •> lit. 

r- tn T.r on the plan of p'^T^t"?*! 
Hut black < 
,. In iw>w«»r. (< 
Luiiiu back on ■> 
after awhile. It 

irrow weak. All 



The North U iipiit 
•s'll want to come 
ii ii be in the majority. 
Ponfh 



nto factions; stuti.-a bur- 
in. In a few years the 
Then the South will rule 
J#»rf r>nvij». and all the smart m«»n know 
•' the smartest men • 
and alers will; my far 
.' . lit' • V and'll be su 

th«« ntKk 'un off. Th- 

«Ty. N ' ..... 

I was a 

. . < rui^ " 

It my 1«' «ir run ; 

c i f. •' .s Ithout n 

s raised them from wild be«sta 

..lis. The Bible says It. The 

workfil uiiboui them, and he won't work unless 



he's a slave, AholHh 
or'd have to b*- 
won't l«»t you? 
ery. V 

be ml 

br- 
io 

fa:. 

stopped, 'i 
iilffiT'Tri .»r. 



•Ir^v.-ry and niir«r*»r!«'d mu»-«1*»r *v*»rvNv|y: 
S«» you i 

ilffht in ' 

T k. ir I ri'N . all t 
Tn and brltiK 'em 
»s<- 1 1 • . I well 'en- - ■— ■ • 

tfoi noni. I've * 

y in it. - . -u«ht to h.. 

•r Kouthern products is vrowln': more 



rllmale. Uuii ( . 
pIsntstfAnn wit: 
ov t hiiVf 

It . war CO 

f« 
t< 



mans «»f while men to work at wajres?" 
•in It. ain't built that way r^n't stand the 
iinK about it; nor lb- work on 



Ilk'* nljTK PntsTh h.iv.- Tn |rnjVi 

» 

» 
f 
r 

II 

I 

II 

.1 

>• t. Thoy 

•* rtvifiy on 

l!u 1... th.- 

1 Jttrk » »f(f 



Ht 



til 



II . to 



m 

H' ;. to 

!»' the 

H. .|o. 

»»»• inm 

n^rdii of n sn»nt m > ih«» A<fr<* nf 

•o. ■ 

fii 

• f 

-- '^v to A North- 

Qu*« I you know 



134 rilUO.N. WAR raiSiiNKR. 

Northerncm. sp<>clully N «•! fellows, make the best Nlg- 

fur driv.r- o . • «.r..u. r. f>,.. bent nigger brcakerM 
In ihr - 

H .• t.ow.-r In Ifviuirurat- 

li. • I 

tJ ' HO- 

C« Th- 

n-.. Mt.. 

Hon .. 
ery fr 

lor ■ ;'.!:•! th«* 

er a.H over 

C\: • •■' '♦^•t 

ki 

tr,. 

way«» * int Industry" If tolornled. 

Ir -r of oxrhr«rr- h- '^tM. "If It means tmding nlg- 

ff«*r« for \sliU«« mm| Horn ■ it vlll be a «1eve|lHh lonu 

tlp^A romlnr." We ho||. •• saflU w*» believe fbnt tb* 

P- • ■ ■ " " ■' '■ 

It 

It 

O'. 

!» • . .. • ■ 

I- ive to bear the hard- 

pi. : 

When J>oy» by t- li- 

Ing what !' i«l. I craw i- 1 

bark on th>' lai i«'.t\;i.K him t*ii ih«> ^uir. that he Ik a 

cblT» f»*oni iiri n|.| h|r>i>k iihnr>orl lo fit blw I tro* In tb.- 

fl. 
b. 



u , . . .. 

honest. b»:' 

hMt..-^r if 

a ' 

\\ • 

a< 

\\ 

S" 

I) 
n > 
t 

r».. ;. ... , . ^ 

•nllsbleninent have brought buck methods 



T I If. .VI. • I I' 



1 1- 1 Vl* i ff I'IMC . V I*l> 



V blltU 



PRISONERS ARRIVE AT FLORENCE. 



Thrrf ttifn uit hor»« 



by ami Inspected lu. Severml 



136 CHnr>Nlri.rS or A WAR PRISONER. 



ladles on horH' 




..•n cnmc a wonmn In a carl and 


pi% .1,...- ^t,. 




. i,J...I ••!.. ..«.». . 1,1... r..i . t li,tr •• 


t ■ 




1 


. 


an 


1 to !■• noon all 


\s • 


;r 


tr:t1n sion road. 


iMvkt^l .» 




;.«««1 out a 


road Ihroiu 




.1 we wer« 


to ICO. Many 




\valk. A dciall \N as iiuidc to carry 


them. Matiy 




,i wen* unable to umilitt. There waa 


iiot one III th<- 




I 


well clay lit tl. 

I 

I ■ 




ilted. 
We 



thought an officer of the Kuard kind, for when ffunrds cried: 
"Stop you'uH. wir." brliiKliiK iiniMk^r?* 'Imwh und stJirtlnK for ua. 
he mild: "Oh. let Vin work; V- - nrr>* a biR heap." and 

liMik'Ml at UH finilliiKrIv ThiH In un a i;rateful. but 

of un n« one would of u 
• Inuii half their wool; but I 



f 


r He 


II 


f 


.iplnic. 


d. 


IniiiK 






\\ 






Vlll.. 







•nerH on the ground who left Anderson 

. W. M I 

« ' K water, i -f 

luu men ko out for earh l.uou. once ii day. n mile to a stream. 
rnri?<."pj«*T^tIv onr «»rrrt!! i^;il!!« '\n mt contain enoujch for more than 

Our hope of using grass. 
• d. Not only did strength 
I .^u it. . I..U ti..- II' .-i ,,f fii,- caused our stock of material 

\ 



PRISONERS OVERRi'N r.RFF\ r.i arqS. 
Monday. Hept. ::Ol)i. It have nrrive«l 

:it II .(.•.•••. fnun Andei'*..i le. Men luive 

ly, I liave 1 write miice the l&th. My 

).. . the effirrt to if have prevented. The l&th 

and Ibth droves of plaiilnltoii ii«'Ki^>«*s p4isse<l with spadeM aixt 
axes. In rhMre»« of drfverj*. to build n sfooknd* Orlfflih. «5lover 
und 1 are i. 

(*liliu*n« w i- 

li 

ni«'lir« III Hi |t-<llll .1111 n.m mil ."..i* lime 



hi: ft T»RI8r»NKR. U? 

.J.. 
r> 
f:< 

» • 

Y 

T) .Ml Yttnl(««« "rich fnnutn to buy nttnctrn tt they hn 

\* 

\\ »'*»r Wr'nii poor; n»» 

la inena hud tu 

• T HP our'im liltorty or K*t kilt off." 

I • ,...., €»f their men woulcl be klllcl. 

Ihnt ir id kIvi* them liberty und a better chniu-n 

dr. 

PI 

yelUnl 
T» 
fl. 

It 

y«»" - ■ . .. ^ . . ^ . 

were they. 

It ».•. Mim till- M'im«s..l "f |.i l«i.ii.-t >. Ii.i.l ii<>! 1mim» .4nti.lj..if •• ! 
I.. 
ha 

out d<- 
here \. 
br 

•r. 
|V. 

iif 
«' 
in»* 
d. > 

All 
Knt It *■ i «n 

hour I. .ill- 





vin- 




tn 


*tl..l. I . 


: uu.«i«-, nho! ' 


ruMh ft<' 


t iwtrt of the 



us ....... .V .... . o . ... ^ ^^ ^,^ , 

on^m w«»r' .•r**'^ nw! »r br*»uirhl In 

M 

li 

u; 

II 

€•• .11 i lii I ...... ,...!.. r.;. , 

I. 



il.-.i ..f I.'. ttiiiiT 1 ;.lt. 1 .^t.it.- < 

money. 1 

deal nt At: 

and myself. We b\r 

nte Ihem niw. It 

from catlnir. t> •:;> i;u:uii, l:irU».cU uilJj 

■curvy, and boi ■><*(*. 

tr 

I*«'IMI'-I. i.'iii ii' i:':'- -iv.i' i 

lo iimniih a "V." Tlw- IMh I 

flick fh:.f h . ! , ... V. . I 

Ifave • 

and tr 

KOt liiO "I'onfo.J to hoot. > • 

W»fkH V.|?»1MTlt «? I fr'toM- 

did h' 
have t 
ainto'l ••( tf 
pint of m- 
-T' 
< ;• 

have 

Af' 'f V r 1 f t . f III j.i)' IriL- l>i.- ITlh mid 

Htill rainn with i 

the knolln In ; 

r«'niion that th«« fiiii imM 1h iiioMtly 

Inchen dc<'i» IM or-JfT to ff#«t *»fi th'» K' 

wr nit an<! 

other, to \. 

Inrhen det'j. • , 

and more or !• 

NINE DAYS* STORM— SOUTHERNERS WILLING TO STARVE 

t , ■ 

iK^m wr ctfuld endure anotr 



K A \V \ ISf 



•n rulird 



V r...! .iT>.l 



1 upon, I 



irn- 



140 CHRONIfLKP OF A \>Mi iiw.-'M.ik 

K<»nfmtefi n «r-frlr nf m«*rrMf^i« Vfnsr**nnr*» !hMf mnut vnnlsh ilowly 
III* war c! ThiP will In* 

\\hf(h<-r V .ll<»" by cart**! 

or by 4leiilh. 

A man evlil^ntly hlich In Mxl^ty. not an. 

I 

•! th<> rorc<» - 

f . . • 1 : 

"You '••r ihan we but you ntrver can whip uj* 

w* never 

"Hut.' if you • ••<! un now. you will Btarv- 

If you ft- v»»?« to . ..ur army, who'll raise tt 

'icrub* to : You t:l\f up the real thlnR you went t 

war for — f \ erv — and kirk out the foundiitiwi of yoi. 

mill, yo ; 
h.' at t)i 

T.. Ih 

• i^ »' y; but we Ar«» 

K Kald It r.-intii-l.-l h\v 
' a ntory. A man rlecliirecl if hii* neiKhborn <ll<! n*'- 

'»rt!ont flfmnTT'l. h>» wotiM f!rn%vt: htn:?«r!f. Xnt 

!.•! V.tl ti. M U* . 

1 Mitind Ihnl 

V u.-ni ■ 

.u<l. and 

I Miii iMf out oi> 

W'v will pull you 

V I the 



MISERY. 
I'v.' !»w»k»»'1 f>fi M'-.-fs tirvlinmayed. 

1 I Inyed 

• ad 

^ 1. Ktnrk and deiul 

1^.. ^ , .- . .. 

rv« —n him creeping, mean, ensconce. 



NlCLKS OP A WAR PRI8UNKR. 141 

.1 .... -.. . . I . t I 

onc«. 







a man 






can. 






ry. 


\N I! ri -.. . 


,1 H} 


• irii rr«y«. 


Am.1 iu> 1 


'11. 





Two REMARKABl E SPEECHES. 

I 
.^\i. loyai lu uthrr ttivti « cuiiciualutia, rvvtaoiiUic 

Tiillil. but ' ' V. 

A fill 



I 
I 

im of 
\ 



iiAXtX CUW^LXUlcc of 



1 run 
f lU bi: 



142 .III!. .M.I.I'S ..I* A WMt I'klsoNKit 

style of del >nd bodily contor- 

II.. -• - • 

h. : 

n . •kiKi tu 

h- »r rtur r 

cU. • ■•• r.-l'.-f . 

ble. « i a lew .-iitiiiiiK 

line. 1 • T'vt r. • lo miy - 

wna at haj.:. i .i fine loukuifc soldier, jua: in fiuiu uur 

lines. bt'KiiM HI)' !» nn upluriuMl root of a tree who, after- 

ward wan ciillr.i .1 ji«>iihel fronj Kgypl" who. he told me later, 
was from that part of Illinois known as K^ypt. He said, sub- 
St ' " 

M men have prove<l themselves brave and efficient 
Sf.;.... ..^ ,',e never doubt- ' '» ■' '^^-^ would. Like ourselves, they 

are Americans. Thoy r s hlgrh; that we did not 

deny. 1* ••••.!.. ■ n In utidfrrat luK .N''»rth«TM 

men. <l for their deficiency. mise<lurat<«d 

prejud In Judgment. They may have suf- 

fered frutn faiittr Hn«i fttrry oratory: been misled by irrational 
zealots who nint and rave, but never fight. Such a one may be 
smart and be a fool; may be good in heart and wrong in head: 
may be pious but wnrellffloun: may profoim iMitrlotium and be a 
brawl, a pan»lor«'r. on } ;Tage and 

prowess <»f Southern s. of our 

for ■ ■' 

d. 

1.1 .... 

tl; -H of 

hu; . - th.. 

war. I pon this hi? 
we este«-m \j:,w!.v.- 

It was the ' if yuu K"in. you wive that; If 

you lofif \) ! win r^. riTKl \vf ?«t:in 1 forever 

u» h. a 

b« j.re- 

V.' M._r\icL'. Shall Ainri leans. 

^^' Henry, to whom (;o.l has 

efit I ijwt •• 1 t n<- . 

" TJ ' a skin 

^ ..II. 

T 

I' .:w. 

Cowper put part of this in my mouth; if incendiary. m« blm. 



V WAIl 1 



UZ 



!nv*» y*>U 



t r>r» 



r 
I 
\' 

your 
Ihtii 

I) 

t ' 
» 

I 





y of 




-n rf 


iU< I ho 


'! 


IniU* 1. 


! 



I of 



I in Vkivr 



•ntlin.-Mf. ••. Mtfil f.-ro. ttv. 



t JUMt i 

Away 



144 CUl: S (JF A WAK riU.s« ».N JtC 

h<»tirt« of mun* \<*r>'. w«r. Inr-quallty. hrutallty will van- 
ish from V Men will b. rn universal. 
When Ood ■ d that man "1 not mean 
he should hv ju»Ui ilke a ulcer, or ihai he • be de- 
icraded. Per miitra ho nhciuld he oncthled. from Its 
rrudeness t> ■* ;1 to 
man. an h- a ho 
wrre to d\\«'ii i ti«i .•«>!.. lll^ i.>\«-, itii» kkmj.. Hla 
|K»w«»r. HIn Infinity. Thus w the divinity of man. 

t^O .l,...Mv ,.< I .».,.r' i:-.,l r, , l« U.. .I..).!.*.. I " II 

Is are 

deK illy 

so because of slavery and because the slave Is black, or one or 
more of his |>nrents %vere. Is that the moanlnjf of the revolution? 
Did WashlnKton and his heroes flght for the rlRht of one man to 
annihilate fh" rtph!!^ of others? I>ook at our vnsl country. What 
but lal" 'ie<l It from v -Ivanced It to an 

era of ' but labor. labor, can con- 

tinue that \\..rk, .i.:\ i; . •• It to the Aug 

ep<)chs. Debase the laborer and 1 the 

world r'- ' ^ to darkness, to «i.ii«.i i i)m.-« Al- 

ways il must. It Is the spirit of •- which shuts 

th»* ^-^ ' " * .r li.ti.. ->>.'»it. Fret- l«*r the relfcn 

of nuitle the country what 1 1 Is. 

th<' . • can l>ii:ik.' \i^ to liiLTJuT devel- 

opment in I Hocial arts, i • «. more 

education, i; t. It takes ii tual ac- 

quirements. The iitreU u( this Rrows with iidvunctrinifiit. You can- 
not jcrow flffs on thistles; nor can you progress In clvlllxInR arts 
by means of slavor>\ Intellixence In all men should be fostered, 
not denied. That Is (Ivillxution. To oppress one in a deirree. 
m« ill. To enslave one race Is to 

hri. better Instincts of all races. 

»"• " ■ 'of CJod 

«^<» i Is the 

hiKi 81av- 

fry cm ; educa- 

^•"'^ I iic. that 

'■**i Is mor- 

«"• 11 man- 

kind. If >ou *♦•. k I.. I'Kilude fi«*nt N urn thw dews of 

heavon mwl th« sun «f dny. V'>u pMf •< to trouble and 

sh. ,ves 

«^ i.,.n- 

en«-.-:;< <• ..I r.. i%.ii | ;.<■•«. ulio UoUM h?,|.11 th- -'nu the 

flory. ethical and material growth of liberty ar s. invll© 



K A WAK I'! Hi 

I wh#rrby It mr. si..\.! 

rtMiulrri* !!.«» !|{i>i>r.itu «• <«f 



111 

Hi 

hi' 

of 

h) 

bi 

0| 

rC 
cl. 
I» 
«fr 



at th. 






t th,.t 




hi 
-IP 



f th4» rutins cinua tn ' ail 

<* In which men llv« ( or 

•1 proiipcrlty. provrdrtl Uify arr ucllw and 

rop«»rty no! men; 
<lo for thoni. not 



ItK 

l«M 

iH lliak** 

I Mnrc- 
nf- 



n$ 



•I. 
tu 
ii. 
I" 

poIllliallN. 
»»lcmfnl of 
m ■ 
ir 

Ini .n .. 

noxirvfB of 

th:.- -! .V. 

l>> 

f..- 

unnnturnl nutoemry 



i'HRmNK'I.KS of a war IM 



In tho 



whtrh • In ft life of 

;h.tn of -. il lluy come down 

• f Hinver rules public opinion 

iMcl In where It exists. An 

IM HlllVi Is to kffp f.»«l III 

' lonRS to tho class 
• r rank wUh ih«« 
. . ^ .. , . ^^ >v» control the 

:i with : labor other 

; ..r 1:? ly. Yet It Is 

iity that slavery exists. Is 
r of the church ancl of an 
Wtr h«:ar t»f aiicmpts lo make II the back- 
l>one of the state, the chief corner stone of an ainblllous Confed- 
eracy. The arbllniry jwiwer that owne<l the Industrial forces of 
the South aimed to constitute itself above all systems of free 
labor. The Jews claimed chamcttTlstlcs above other p»«o|»le of 
earth: assumed to be the chosen of G<mI. By force of that belief 



tl 

ru ■ 

th*.. r.., ... . ..■--. , : 

and fell from th«*lr 
ar< 

<:• 

social 

Wn tr 

a ' 

il 

b\ 

fr 

tl. 

ur 

n. 

ot, 

J. 

Him. 
Inic rv, 
Chrlstly n 
liHlny ;%m ff 
e;i ! 

l« 



' irmatlr. Itrutal. dictatorial, warlike, cor- 

:it toward people they deemed not of 

. ,..i.,g way of projfresf •"••'■'>>» to bar It. 

; station as an i: people. 

their error: tauj;! H people 

I: that the <fOd of the Jews was the 

their rellKious liyiKH-rJcy. unjust 

nyntcms: and they put Him to death for 

ff<- tauRht the upllftlnR of the lowly: that 

• rob the mass not born with rich Inher- 

• Mm rich ••xtuMul 4Mid iMTpctuate |Miverty 

H«iuRht to sjive them 

MK them to turn from 

r I ..!n; I.I.- tuorthrow as a nation. 

"d. They spurned his philosophy. 

' '• '•:•' rity. but with- 

\ followers of 

• \ >r iro^l by 

t. but h- M te.nch- 

■I't "f V. ;irH. as a 

■ al and ojiMontiiil 

• <• and pr«»icrfss on 

■Ci-U lit hc.4Vt>n. Urothers whose pol- 

of the blKOtlHl. m.ui-h.ttiiiK egoist. 



I A WAit ri u: 



ai»- 



Ul II 



l» 

of 

Wait civil, utfl • 
diffmilon. he IK 
novelty irt lint*"!! tu 
lh«> Bouth thnt th< 

('. -'l some ell- 



WHY REBELS WANT AN ARMISTICE, 
•y ilay I i-r.. 
rnuncle. It 

•1 
<l 

to 

n 

n 

h« 

he rcpii«Kl. He hud b*e» iiwl, 

hn! r^ffrrr,j u for II: V !h* 

•*«• ; he unnttnl hawJ j 



t'» r<-.\ I .\T,..t :>. r 

Tuttle. I knew In N 

e».. ...»->- ' . .■■ . r^v , • , ;.... 

V . If n malt Ik to ; 

I ..t " In. r.-.i !• ir * ■ 

fr 

Y. k' to KrtffI* It t!« n m:. 

of a...liira thai 11 wuuii i.-l Lt • RO lu lai: 

wlth canlii on them. If killed. It of iiln unr* 

V^ ■ - . . .. 

* ' 

fii. . •• - •' .'.w '..'. .'■ .- — K... ... .-•... •• 

and play all day and aft^r tattoo for atakea, often ; 



U% CHRONin.KB op A v.M. ..v.. -..>.. It 

fifXt pAy. Thnt U n wny they have of keeping ft clean i^cord t 
gu \*ftorr the (Ircttt JuUso. 

Kvl<t«ntly tu-o <if Hunyun'a pllfrrima Btruck a place that li 

II - .- . . . .^ 

t 

u, 

bit of bn 

far ft >.ii; : 

I' Haul a loiif; nnttt or a "namy. mi 

f.> ^-.-r than <tl(l Chrlntlan and Ho|>« who ' 

Citaiit l>**i«pnlr whcme navafce pn»peniiltle» rttj*- 

brutiii than thofte of our keeporM. ami \v«*. ton. are far f 

and "In evil cane." 

The man who has immediate charice of prlMnem has be«i 
di 'lire for thro<» dayo. He neemM a 

a il<-. HIM name Ih Harrelt. H. 

V .,...,. I..., I Head." ' 

< tall. H 

U.: ... ^....:-i at v.. 

the Mumni' x there cj««n. J. H. W 

qualltlen. * al>owf Ii.ilf <>( the prM- 

plate are here, he has Am for Jailor. The fimt ; 

he did wan to nhow hlh v tem|>er. He Ik said to I" 

mean as WIrz. If he ki.oMH nture, hln talent will be used t* 

eXiiN|>erate hiii meanness. These traitM ar** r<»fnm*n'lnbl»» In th- 

cotieeptN <»f \Vin<i«T. No decent fellow ne«'-! 

Ilkf WIrx and Itjirtfti can be detailed. !'• 

f,,. •• ' . ,...,. 

<i; 
\\ • 

il • 
HI 

no CO' wiViiK** . 

hii* I * Ilk.' ' 

W 
M 

Il ifl I. lit u 
their t»eace or n 

I* ■ 
tr 
t> 

«•■ ^ ■■ *,- „ « - 

mm to th* l«mble situation Into which thousands of good and 



bmvi* mfT: h.i'. s Irk—l pr-r*.-- 

*n 

It I 

It: 

til 
ill 
ti 

NtaiitlurtJ of 

I, hr.- t.. . ..I.. 

!• 

r \ 

!»• 

■h4>ul«l t.« ■■■> N.iUiit. tit 111 

or InwM o' <'o fttr l)ii> imiuI'm 

fr 

11 

U 

w 

Ih. ^ ... ■'. 

folloHrm. 

1 }....• If, Vuk-u-t I in-.T. of n Chtirloiilon num. which hji« an 
if The v^ritiT n»kn lb** |M>o|»le, and 

K V Th'V nhnuJ.j not >if tn favor of an 

1 fuv»ir • 
I- H- 

It. llf MtN 

K •" '"•• 

r< li to »u 

V --- ■' 



( 

|m 

•nU Influeiu-** 

th«» rt-wp^t "' 

li ■ Ihv t..iUltc ui all 

u! I«aw." ■hou-lnir It 

»' 

r. 

tt 

T 

u( . - . .. 

to (IM world. Th«r«ror« tli« •lection of McClellun would b« balled 



150 rHR<^»NI«*lJ.:S op A WAK • ....--NKR. 

with J«v hv ^v#»rv S*>'Hh*»rn rmn mh'I <»VArv fH«»n«1 nf fh* Rniifh 



I" •• • •• '•: ' > 

hitherto n*i 



pr- thf Nt»' ■?;•• 

jiol. T»-- i-.r 

that. aiiU as l«*itK <*.** there iS ii Uroi. lih^, or a UolUtr 
to he i»iK»ni. It HhMll !«*» n-nf(e<l for 

O. that lh«» 1 * th«» North Illl^;ht i- i-l thene lines and 
understand the ■ h of the scheme. This may seem rljrht 

Ufi' ■'•'.■: 1 t • ' ■ • ' ! 

uii 'Ut tnilt 

Is) 'Ion on . i: 

T»i North » uld 

to • -'-f !'..t .• ; of 

de- ••k8 

to I'.T- 

ent. Hut the c»»mnion sense of tl t these wily 

schemers. Pi:* vonr h.-.-!^ tipon x> men of the 

North, and ' new li.ttiKUf in «i hand, and the 
dawn of Mil !•« nt vniir door 

• i-red. 

rii .V- 

int^- nm 

W im- 

atr s. . up. 

Dn to meet 

1. 1 u iJeh- 

'ed. 

j.ul 
"Ut >m« 

be. ith 

to all. nij.i. fiij th.- littn .m- miHI U«-i>t 
lenrniMl to nhont. HerlotiH tlmeM indef*.|. Rl 



m« 

on» . ^... , ... . . .. ,..,^ ... ;..,.„- 

Ing out. They swear they will die by the bullet before they will 



151 

fli.-v 1..-- 
X 

y 

ii 

I • 

11 
It 

.!■ ..,. . -. .. ..^. 1 

«. ^ what our fate will be. We are bHnir murdered by 

frultlrna 



ivc luiiiurrow. 

O. If there 

I ho monnent. 

iiiil. then this 

\v-m«»n could 

']••,. V !..,,k 



n !nnk nn thf*'»r» th'^r^ r»tTriK*fvfi» n?« wf» had 

It 111 

•:»b|o 



t. t." HtliiK<-r. (oi'i itild 

iimul IV 



Tf) 



15: rH<»RNU'LE« OF A WAR PRISONKR. 

It will wlthalMnd uiid happily endunv 

I fr. • • • ':i« 

T! Mo breath. 

If I ,..,...... .... ^,..... «, ih.ii ruin 

And lirtM my beliix o'er the law of death. 

For I mil yoiitiK. I have not rt'n iCe 

\Vh»*n mortal vlKf»r haii the III* 
\N hen* the human Hplrlt muUk the mortal ntuce 

And haH the leHiton of lt» earth life Rained. 

And yet 1 know. If mortal threadH do break. 

My noiil. myiM*lf. will muir in IlKht away. 
.\h at early morn we from painful uleep awake 

To Mee the glory of another day. 

And Jill true J<»y which to my nature rllf?" 
Shiill clothe my Hplrlt on the better - 

An«l all llfe'M Korrow n xhidl Im* vanished 11u:.k.- 
That I Hhall feel, that I ithall know no mnrr. 

For all the kIooiiim thiit o««r my spirit float 
And fa«le like rloudn. that darken oft the »ky. 

When HUn Krown brlicht and Mendn bin rayii r- 
And I know 'twill unrin fne an it K«»e»» M»ore ' 

UNCLE ABES ENEMY AT HOME. 

pl« »i other ratlonn are nrant 

fin.l i""M I i ;■ > ...i..«% ,. ■ ..... I .■■ il of «nir money. Men who 
have mont money have pr»'feren« c amoni; tradern. If he buyii 
a l.iiH>i.i ..t tvv.i he retal'"* th.-m if w'f.-.t t.ti.fi! to iiiitne who 
ha So it In life: 

•'bu: ' !•• ones." Mien to a 

Mtnndiitlli. 

Jeff I>rtv1s f« rr^ortrrl n« "^nvlnc rerent!v Thnt hlw iirmy Is 
tuidly »• ■ • - It may 

beroMn ind hl« 

rhilmw f"i iC f«! i»otnrihlnic 

to cat. I ' < Kloveii (.rlfflth 

ban. If 'i.ive to work 

nly. cb I on. no we 

have nlii-i'- . ..,. ... -■• .• ,»...., ^ k- ..-..,». .. 

t^itunlny. October Int.— Lntv In the afternoon we dmw mtioni, 



CHRON F* A WAR PRISONER. lU 

and »e<» whiit t' 
nnvtiinfv to \ 

%^ > 
«■ 

A' 
J. 
I» ' If .^ 

t" k are to 

ll . If IH . ^ .._ 

nlchi. It mm stAnd or walk with 

f..t.l.--t h •• 

nn un- 

k*. About 

1 • .4. Hi., ttr.lem cumv to 

U' 

11- 

ll« ■» .1 mil' 

II! it of n - 

»• If t" b** Into 

f Jtut . the 

en- 

MO I 

tiiti )i> iiltitthiiiK II ti< <-or<1 

irh th<" fff-n** not n«'' cnll 

t' youiijt ih-ir!" till 

*r* drop It, drop It?" 



»«• 

%» .i 

morr. It i» 

of Ir.-.H K- 

I.' 

ti 

i>i' t Mllh t>iUklt*> vUtfM. A biook. 

In nin« thrnuRh It. whirh H to 

H'. 

cl< 
tr 



1C4 rilRoNlfLKS OP A WAR PRISONER. 

IcMid without Hittlnir down: have eaten nothing aince one half 

of flour. Ill- each. 

cooke«l t- ' *t, we d- 

IfiK oi il and • 

M 5r.!— r. 

R • r il.irk. 

I. I hi-anl 

\%ii\ I .... .J ._. j_ . 

Kmve. M.r. Tli 

I "• ' 

T* 

ui .. : - . . 

rrolmbly it was a neRru burial ground, a* n- 

into I I. K I'l.'.y places In the w»K>d« to bury th- 

K an instance wht-re he atteniitnl un« uf Ihvir 

fu ( In this State. anionK the slaves of Col. J. 

Sfiit<>*'ti .4r<- busily packing dirt aRainst the wall. Their 
curious sonics are heard at IniorvaU. nlirht and day, ThiTf Is 
something too peculiar in i 
they are. not to excite curi- 
S> cult. We 

r». .-. pliiln. 

w ii.< II i.M. i,ut is noi .-• ... .. .- i, 

the Spiritual thmuKh the rough 

sonKH. simple, rude, so tittle In f> 

•tran»;«*ly. darkly romantic. hI 

ditions of a race, whose his; 

llnK the spirit of the fiir fatherland and of 

with thr!r rxNtf'T-rf rn-.v. and the vajfue. spirit 

dum ir d at in thelt 

Nhai^ -if ih«> rnr«», l 



II. have th 

Il -I'.. ... ...■ • ountry. l..^ ...... ......i .... «..*,»- 

If trusting In Providence, fully bellovlns In Us rightful 
di 

II 

g:. 

whuiti V.V lituughl 4(tk:v!i. wr utiu h.id furguKou ulicTt* Im Mi4« und 



1 11- \ l> I 



RI80NRR 



who h 



Ntnmps." rrplird the i 

I M !•>! Younjc man. I tSo i.... ., ., 

H I l«Arn you all not to call th« South 

I; 



Ut Hi! ' 

•'\v >'<»l^ wf wMI hftvi" yoti to Mn<!<»nitanfl. The 

IX" to b<> a icrn- 

tl« [ nuffiT Much 
•I 

I 

a ' 



II n 1 1 ■ > \\ i 1 1 1 1 1 



.:i»l»ii. or Con- 

I.rit.- «^..\. MI.,. I.I N'o. I 



f. 

r» 

inea 

n: xot. lUe v'oltx.*'! Uwa t llk«* 

tti »h«»uirh h" m««y fh* net 

U< II na 

t» im- 



ci». 11 7th N. 

1 < : t > 1 1 . r . 



tl« 

n>. 

n -iS* 

or r la 

i:. 
ai 
l«j 

f. 



ui»«l«r uur BUthontira than th«- • ivvea. bam^ 



ir.« ruRoNiri KB or A war prisonkr. 

burn«»rii. nninirrfTw. »o po »! Hh«»rfv nn«l fol^mfc th«m In poclety 

Rut I iim nnxK I thnt true, full mjin 

horxl. love of li 't «»xlm on the ik>II o' 

ulnvery. It It Iw fh« 

nununum » -forp \n\y 

nr ' 

IM 
f. 
Il 

f. :««ail oui harbariHm an«i 

nt ■* rul«»d. Still they cot 

u»»lf tn llif liiiilr- . . nf the lamb he wlnhe^l to .l«'Voui . 

Still they iroak of ), <• ho»>or of the South"! A m«-nch In 

the nice of proicrenn* A i.»ti- - In the way of rivllluitlon' 

A nnnke In !h.« irraMM* A i: 'id the tree of liberty! A 

trne of honor! Their 
re on thin c|ueiitlon of 

'*\.i\.'i\. I fi.- J i-i.- M.- >.-Mi-«f! Ml ^^l..ti they call putrlotlwni. 

pniud of Iheir vanity; haughty to ih«» verge of deKperatlon: etno- 

tJ ' »-•' ' ... .«..ti; der«>ltful an«! tr »i.»..ii« ohlval"<<>« i>t ?., 

(|. -vhat they term >r of th. 

V ■>( the chevalier tr.^ ••.•tn fen 

-tahle folk of ih«« South t her thiin to 

anci fcenenil proKreHn. !• InfntUAtlon! 

m In deciding thifi fcretit tinttu tit to rest In the 
t. nnd to dif by Itii iitlnir. 

IH nald to be f||le<l with Knnkeii. I haw a larjre 
I killed bv ncflrmeii. Theno In the nwiimp atid 
Two ! bitten - 

.'inhlnic. Mod. I 

,• V . T • ..i.l.-M '■ ' ^ >. ..f th- 

b. Th- filrk .. In the 

A -■ - •••• 

I' 

within two doyn. nenr the north pnn of the «tocluide. where we »ei 
water. 

I n«kd A Kunrd yeAterday If It Ia neceAAAry to stint ua on 
mtionn H^ Mnww«Tf»«|: "I don't know: 1 n^kr*n 'tin: we'nA don't 
itet n ■ • wAnt: we buy of th It'n mlirhty 

touffh h: mi It In on we'nii: \ to do dufv." 

A 
AAy mi' 

out At iMii p. -I II iii'» Mi.inf nll<•\^Il III \tm im T ••!{ w i n i«M> thut IB 

to control the fUArd In hli connection with ua. 






A WAIl ri 1S7 

•1- f til .li'Iv vr 



1 ur llui: 
thpv have. 



■ rii 



k« In- 



ry 

itiiiK llirrrlii At 

•^ It In a tn. ;tal 

' this evil. m;u1 oI JM.^.4Urr• 

ri'i <<>ii fo^n rine fr<»m the nwampii und 

in mav \h> from 

.- .- i-t •>.! 3d. 

It 

X' 

of 
<iH. M«*t fri«>iif1fi 



o pour 

r •■ i ■.- ••. . i; ;. : » h«» Old 

iread on us i« aoaktd. The ground 



In nr.n ?r.i V«'T n flrr- rrin ho kfpX thntiirh «»nmr» have wood 
J : ' nou«ly. 

. f«M«t Into 

Ihf r.uth ur half • «. Intend 

to cover ' 'i ami ni i from the 

wwnmp. \' illn. hT[nc 

It up on h y 'It work 

^'» ' • ■- ,,, i,,.. :,i,,.,i,, i; i,i,,.i,,i;, ,.iM- »»f beavcm 

TTi. It In by KTOJitont effort we tlo thin; we iir«« 

\ . .. . -v Awful Inginior In more and more henvlly 

ur»*^»n un. I>n- V autumn In upon un: rhllli* of approarh- 

In(f winter ar. We are further north than we were 

throufrh the summer we must work while our little ntrenRth lantii. 

with hojH*. well nlich forlorn, to preserve our f«»eblo Ilv«*j». l>:illy 

•"^•n die an»und us. whose lives w«»re as dear, whose hopes were 

■* stroiiR as onr« After consultation I write home for provision 

•u\ articles «»f the letter has (tone out. For all we are 

•Id It win » d we think the chance of recelvlnic It 

'•t received a word from friends; I think 

I. 

" ' ' 'h wind, chills my thin blcMvl. 

Kverythlnif Is faulty alwiut 

: <-lo}«oly plrk««d up; stumps 

for wood: we will try to p:itrh It up. Last 

ly a pint of flour e.-ich — nothing else. It made 

• an«I breakfast In a lone time. We made It 

f The Colonel is permiltlnR wells to he dur: 

•nd old axes. Time never wore s«> henvlly. 

s colder; air damp and chilly. Shirtless. 

whom many a Northern lass woul<I like for a 

iir around the splinter fires built for rookinir. 

• we fcolnic to do tonljfht?" "IV* you 

ire?" Some sj»y: "It is take the oath 

! ! Die a thousand times; never sup- 

,^t tML'hf fvr r.MiwIy cold for time of 

! hut. Murf«>rlnR with 

V ' A four hour's sun. 

loro iroinK o I .- to the slave mother, because she yields 

^o Jttir- TTiMV;' mItt -i Trati-r! How swe«»t th««lr rest upon 

Mud five hundred Anderaonvlll 

• « out n* 

!) camp ! 

r • • ..']u* soon • 

e»cap«». < . arc her«, tl 



rilRON!.! F's ..] A WvR PRISONRR. 1G9 

■lArvvd nntt fltckly ) ir phyalral abilities belnc 

..f III.. I .«■.-•• 
Icr 

n> ' 

■!•< 

•Ul*>>ilill.K 1 lo l>> 

portion irw !• nth*r 

Ihl 

R. 

«i ; .. ■ *v. .. .,,.,.. ... .X .. 

gr- ira to me they who go nre "rouKh ••cuffs." 

■ it: ! 

N'enrly o- h.ilf 

pi I "V.. n 

Suiulny. « »t C»»l»rl 16lh. — til aliiiX. ^' -hJ fn^in 

wftimp HMtts. I am unublr to u ^ No mt; , hunicry 

nlltht. 
Mttrulay. October 17th.— No rations: badly reiluced by hunger 

i»ml Hi*' 

Tti- m thin marnlnir for br^nkftiMt: 

ent > -' • '• ' - • ' ' 

of 

Is 

U wo 

«r. .-of. 

thr^^ •• h%. 

W. ilnff cTlwr^ rhnt lobbyists whose 

pr' Hi*» {is I! us the •> 

o|'; n In nr . Hp»»« I 

h«" tu- 

ba • t ho 

pi, 

o\ . 

fir 

!»«• 

rrr .,.n 

bn- Je- 

Ptt .V- 

••r^ iiry 

^'" ' "1 tuiUuiial crcUll ralhcr lliau uu Ihc jjrtlcUAvs of inuiiey 



KnnK<*rii. lh«'y for 

»r 
•r 



war 

price of t 
ilent lo f 






T'- ' - 


I their f;»c • 


llol 



■.f 

•n 

lonilii. For I $3.uuu of cur- 
rency, they bi with IT n .lli- 
rount on RoVf ■•( i\v«i-ihtrili» of it i- 
Iry heiirH th*- -^t of wmt m!wo ti • n 
lin|K)fi<nl to buy th ;t«>.iUy of n ' cretin tih.iikH li; .i time 
of nutlonjil utrefii* They are i «if n biirveiii of unholy 
plotii. FIrHt t) to 
the <x»untry. - y 

Id 

K - ■ • •• • ■ ■ • ■ ■ K 

treuMon to pornevere. Delay u in the ► if 

iii..r.. V vliirkH iiilill«»i.«i out of ' . il.'i of ,', 

i..-fore th" e. ;n 

k. Every h . 1: 

evt-ry hwui c^irvlufc fieiih! O. )• iire 

^T'lvr-m «.f thoM«»f»n«^!«« of YH'vn t«ha; trlrk- 

proHiUuu- III..: .:.s -ul 

il.n ttt l,r»t-e up »-• • e 

■'« 

1- 

it 

..-.. ...--.. -0. 

lis with devils dumned firm 

«> nhnlt have t . <» 

•V turn At th< a 

thin NWrll of (utceJ liifiuUun ul cu; n, 

M of pubMf' cr«»'1!t !h«»v nr* m'-nf^ly • so 

^d 

' , :« 



will drop f to prvm- 

fti • 

t 
I 
I 

T 
>% 

I ; ■ 

bai.k: 

nt- ' J. do 

» f de- 

N 1 

I 

I 

V. 

f ! 

t ' : .: - 

!♦ ' • 

I! 

I 

N 

I 

Fortunr k 

binnk. I 

In llru «»f 1 Kolwl h. 

l.lrUt I'.T ■ ;r»' of p' - 

rm, »•• 
our \ 

^^ 

n 

I 
I. 

r- 
I 

I 

\< 

t ' 

!• 

ma-i ga! Jcr, fl'-'urlahli.g awurj a:; J ^latul. Tlic ac:iiun cuwjiiUI 



1€2 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 

Hf» It r m \Vlr». but can't carry U out bo logically with 

a lyrai lx»n"l know am much— low. ■humclena. drunk 

wllh 11 l:uk brief authority. Wlm did not care ao much to look 
on the> ruin hr wrought, the ml»rry he caused, but km-w hlii plana. 
••Rcl-head" llkea to Invite tip "h thfin and 

lo*>k down from the wall an«l and glgKl^*. 

ordering uw ' -• ■ ntyl-. to *«. n ....^.^ i thing. At 

acme furtl\' 1 ke "Where did you gfl your hat." he will 

iro Into . ra^e — cold water on a griddle! Preaenl- 

Ing h\h ^f 1. With aaaumed dignity will aay: 

"Wi I dare thj aon of a b— h. the d— d Yankee, to 

aay that aga n: 

We auaprc t this la buncoir.bc. for the high-bred, gay ladles 
he haa thf h<»nor to addreaa. They aomellmea Immotleally laugh 
at hia undignified behav.or. Some aeem to think It cunning, and 
t»^ hee, titter to i lejae. I have notU ed some w ho looked aaton- 
Inhfd at him. half w ahlng. 1 believe, he would fall over the wall. 
lit. ■■ embody Soutlwrri chivalry? Fit aubaJtern 

to<' \erul of the k- KKer devlla, to attend to the 

' • iii.-» ..I 11. ^-. I t"""^'«l I'atu!eM'«»Mlu!n' 

ON BARRETT. 

Itjirrell: He btarM a ruuno uM If a man! 

.'^ - >nge If auch a thing a man could be! 

I- >xi: I know no beaat aa mean as he! 

K- ; ille: No viler aerpenta ever ran! 

\ il .t: None fouler befoul yon sea! 

I'.M.i N..I;.- ««» big a fotil aa he! 

r.tii'it. k< • t'<r of thla priaon pen. 

lir.il.M th< .>*♦' atarved. near naked men 

|:. r..r. \N..iiMti Ir^.vlteil aa hia gueata. 
:. their ranka. 
TiMulta and |>eata. 

-.. r^ ^ r. h M apish pranka. 

Ai; ft.r torment, luiught to pleaae; 

AUk Inaulta to their miaeries. 

ni-al love for woman much protests 

' auch a brute should on them fawn. 
• to such presence they be drawn 
To iM'c men cringe to vile beheata. 
To hear him awear and act the knave 
I demon laugh and rave 
I It did theae gueata amuae 
Imp ua Yanka abuae. 
I. the aoul of womanhood 
.^ ua cauae can never crush! 



Her virtue * wmr k" !. 

Her •com r«*vr*i«^l. by fr tiluah. 

Rut Ilarrrtt <lo«« not nei^o 
Thcjr Bee but vlleneM In UIm 4*;<4. 



DAVIS AND WINDER— THEIR WORK. 



i; 

ii > 

1' 'ts. nnd stole the nnme to nerve the opposite. 

» with the Inatlnctn of i\ p'rutc H«* In »»f tho 

« muff 1* fi ovrr from airra of deii|>otlii!n. (lur era !• - 
*».! wlih murh of that rubhUh It U ih* f«t«l of thl- 
1 II. WIf 
r (n It inor- 

•« • •< \S iTi<|er*li rorif ii.i ■ : H I ri< \ .1 1 .• 

root. lln»l Davln w.. man. \VIhiI«t 

...... been In It. »"- '" •► — ■-' 

>• who know him, < 

i-" Ity. He loven \\\n 

vn. Imvis' mrnnnefui In hla chief chnrniMfrmtlr. It If* 
\ ;»ntii thin frllow to help him cnrry It. He in doinc It 
notion. Richmond had Ita fill of Winder aa provont irenc-ml. It 
howled. I>i»vln aaw thia plnr«» nnd handed It out. Richmond 
y«ll«d: - Thnnk Ood. we are rid of old WImler. but (k>«l have 
pity on Tankn who come und#*r hia nwnv!" odioun rvi-n to ni>aen 
of ■• • ' ■ HO of lh<- - - 

I 1 wind. 

I . 

la. h» la thr lit tf»<il «if thnt arrh ronnptratnr. i>nvln. 

to A work of murdfr. Had It been an hon^'at Job. hi" 

never be k«»pt. H«» la k<»«»plnir hin pledge. Dnvia n«w n«» hum..;.' 

tmlta In Winder toward Yiinkee prinoner* pnvln wn« fur'h'r 

•♦einir In • 

llnirulnhrfi 

to murder 

meana to »< 

waa for At. .. . .. .;..,..... .... .......... v. .^... „ ;,,.-,,,. 

they plMa«<] his fvroclty. Two meaner pieces of flendlshness In 



1«4 riinONiri.K.-n ... ^ ^^ Mi t'RIHuNKR. 

humjin n»»5«h mnrmt h*^ foMfvl fxr**!*! iVtvl^ nn«! Winder. They ai ■ 
like tv 'ulprlm. They 

),H%'«> to 1h* bnitnl. 



I- . « 
wiih 1 

cute. r 

kllllriK iiM*r«- litfii rtl Die iviti tliikit (oi l> h. 'I'U.kl MUUfl 

Witvler. I>Hvli« approveii. If nol he wou! h thi*m. Like 
I>avJii. all WlmltT wantn '"I* lo Ix* let iilui-t. IhivlH letJi him 

alftii**. What d<*vute<l lovalty to the caujte of human bondJiCe! 
What \ ! 

s <!ot a ni of Monp yoiitcrday. 

the fit,.- . rxM.^v .M « '• - •' •• -• ' r- 

Inic an eye opon 1>- I 

•.MtlM i.t rill .-. «i of Jt.... „ !. 

•I four ple<'«»ji ti» the hunUr<M| p,. .; 

T • piece, whether it Ih wh.tl h- ' '. 

'1 ■■'* are HhirtH. drawem. pants i\» my knowiviiite 

? have l)«»en r«'rr»i'.pi hv tti somr i».irt»1i"l. mjt- 

tti'lf. ill** henlthleHt. wai ■ I 

p*»rTT>lt. ♦»nllre nultH. F. h 

:-• tht-y have bi-« :i i:i iiiui >'l!Ul!t.--l llimuKh ' ' ■< 

t . ir<M>flii. a?nonie niKced vicllmit. who h**holU. I 

,«, .... , . . . . , . i.-s to 

• •• nnci 

) .•• too 

^ : thlM 

; ' ! f h«» 

I- ;r 

) 

out >> 

tUtn ' 



ll iill 
i le<l 

. •iM-if' iM '.s <• tin. t<-" 

1 If yo'ns hai« nU' 



Bunday. October 23, 1S04.— Croucblos aU night. In our Iv 



If,:, 






In 

IK 

!•«. tirli hr wii» ; 

f. r.l. »Mjt .Imt.- 

T lit 

r- .l» lo 



%l 



brousht from nil iiarta of the camp and 



ft 
Ui 

• I 
t.' 

I. no are * where ihe wiekeil ceunr (nun 

It nw :\*. rr'^r " N".i ttarbiirouN hMiiU or 

t^ -I lore. Hut wluit a 

tl 
I.' 
r\ 
II- 
l-' 
n- 
1> 
«»f 

l>. 

ri- 
N 

M 
l> 

^i - — --. ........ 

•hlv«rinc bodlM from tho storma of autumn, foffs and btaata of 



1« Cf?HONI<'IJ.> ••! A \N Aic iiuS« »NKR. 

rh^erlciui nlirhts. RAtinnM ar^ lrr«irulAr. and dof»le«I un with taunts: 
thfoy trifle with thousands of hungry men with promises never 

fuifm'«d. 

T -'.li 

will t. 

T- 1 

It 

to n«»vk a "i)v\v haw."' rn 

»>■■'•• : K 1 •• -■••:•■ ^^.•'.• . -.l 

In the mutter «■' n 

I : than Llnroln. "Y 

rhnrlty f«»r all." t'uipriti* WIrz. Winder nnd Harrett if brought 
to court for romi»ounf1 rrurdr»r of war i>rlsoneri«. may Bwiufc. The 
whole Richmond u 'Ion li» acceHnory to their crimes. No 

one will object to ? f they run quick enouirh. 

The charge of iMa.s.u; ih<»ro Is no doubt of provlnR. Public 
sentiment will not call for extensive use of hemp. Hundreds de- 
serve It; few are worth the rope. The army Is not f: ' '.r 
surh ends. Tho restoration of the I'nion for fr«M«flom. I 

North. Is thp aim. Th -"I h.nve. The H»'l>« ' " Uio 

I>rfsidential pl#» Is an I <•«•. If wise they I the 

strife now. Th#»y nev« : ur-v.^ nw.r.- t.i • t», if 

Just, they would parole ovei It 

would be ira'f ii«»f ^>s^ !.. f> under 

the cirrut sist In most horrible murder. Their 

assumed • Me. 



HISTORY STUDIES UNDER Dl FFICL LTl t b. 

PRISON DAYS. 
(Mir strontcth Is irono. our hearts an* almost broken 
And but tho irboHts of » ■• • •■• ••" • ••!: 

•tL^o) .».\|JI Ht|M|R .^|q 1)1 puy 

Fri»m man to man. of . .. .. , 

n. prison driNM .l.irk |irlm>n .l:r\ •• of sorrow. 

Hrlnir to i. and irrlcf. 

Itrins no |. .>rrow. 

of any siKit. Ixii d«'alh. foi uur relb-f 

I> wasted. 

In ••iM\ prui.t- iiT'H K'Ai-.T ^Ti..fK' n««i"' '•* I'Insted, 
And thoy arc mustere<l on the deuth-roll call. 



riiRf^Nimrs OF A WAR rnisr>NKn. 



i«t 



T\ 



or 
II. 

bu. 
lo, 

ti: 
Ju 

lA' 

n 

II; 

wllh u«. 1 

gr 

bi 
ov; 

%\ 

n • 

b\ 
n 

ai 

%» r 

I" 
bt 

«1. 



; 1 iovk 

v.- It 



'^th H'^fflmcnt. mmrn to lodge 
•h. blooU 
ily H.. 



ii. It la not 



o-« 

ai 
n 
tl 

l« 
di 
In 

SVluri) It uf).l ;i J'-i t 



>U1 flag" 

Uy of 

the 






!>.• m.m in i>iuf uno .ii'«»oj»n» ly 



16S rTTROVTCLKS OF A WAR PRTf'AVT^n. 

flrtciitji ih. iij»c I hrtvo not m^-n. N \ild more cm- 

munTr 

M .: . 

h. 
II 

t. .1 >3 J.. 

H . ilh a n< 

llwM. I kfcj' Ihem very chulti.-. fcu-l Ihal In Ihtii^ -ihly 

ho|K'. 

o' 

l» 

f. 

F- :. . -■ 

I ! ht' won* on I. 

fti • whom he bo»j. 

cuK<Tly iij', ! more, when a shrewd t« 

b.hhifl :tT* 1 the four that adorned hf<J '. 

h- • \jv the number lacking, and hoo i 

r.' h<»m with th<» of her". Th«»y wet ■ 

H" "thtT It c!.uil>- "ii'-iC >l;ul ■ i>f 

b ; to irlve me four (|uartt( of 

rl • rutted to 

t'. by Kebel offlrern. The tinner m 

J>. : <•!.! til, in. I I .ii.t..! ii!.!,.-.1 fniiii ..I ■ 

to 

V '' 

nt i by faminhinic jnvn. > 

fti -.v!!! to ffar :i Yntikf^f 

lerlal. 

would 

bouirbx T' 

exrhiinire «' 

"I 



on Uf 



>-• ■ ■ rk * I • .1 I -<■ • 7«.l l< 1 »\ • .1 1 •■ H I I i-III) I \ (- III .1 niU IPT 

IrltmhiWH llUfi.rv f...l,v ! f>..tl ! fht* |»ailimir« 

I 



fv.- 

oretlng. .iUil tt'iAviAnhiun UU uxlukkkttiv^ cuffern." In lbi« !« m, Iv 



WAR IV 169 



Ai- 
A 



A 



t»«.-trt!v Thr- nlchT n!r 1^ Ilk** n 



'II will iM-.ij iiii I i»n . ui. r>'i 



•'> mc the mofll bcuutiful of 



II rn. 



1 th*" roiul 
t>e«toweil 



i:0 CHRONICLK8 OF A WAR PRISONER, 

nut «io • ' :■ '" 

My H. rth 

.\ • no mirlh. 

I J ■■■ 

And y«-t I 
Th- 'iiL-h! 

! -. ihpy ihink of m*. 

Th- • Nvn. but nnuRht of me; 

I am utihfjini of. far awny! 
O. can I ever, ever »ee. 

The love«I at home who for me pray? 
I tnmt It all to ne«>tlnir dnvM. 

T 1 live: 

Ah :oun ways. 

Y < ■ t i \N 1 1 1 • " I « . . I ^ • ■ ; • > > i ! I -^ • • . 

I trUMl It all; my «f)Uiitry"» fate 

May neo.I thl« painful wicrlflce; 
I trujit It all. « »h. fJofl! and wait 

Kor that which In the future lien. 
And i«houM I ceane to linger here. 

T.. I rnr.k T^1«J Ttt rrti.r pain and blight. 
:i fear 
ual llRht! 
r..i It jnu.-^^l lit .ia li.is ht rn nhown 
}\v woiiiiroun vIhIoii. holy llifht! 
' he left m' ■ ■ 
h Into nit 

• "I H.M- 

'*» rowllcne<1; 

uplrlt free 

From iilii where I have Ionic repined. 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT. 


„A 


FROSTY 


WAVE 




FrIilay. .N*n\ omjI>«t 4th. 








• iKht 


hniir« r-f.M r:ilM fnrlv hotirx 








r wall 


»•• Wriv \" 








..f N,.w 


W Men 








th ttrlnir 


h..'.T..., rv 








•1 we 


cniwlo*! out or 








' the 


f 








... ,j 










f' uu. Thm IP 










'•; The* nun prrr- 











171 



It f.lor 
















Ih.- 


I... Ilk ..f 


tw 




















W»: 




















•r 














tl. 


bul 




ha 














It 


A ' 




rii 




















III 




















or 




















nil 




















%». 


















.-. 


•|<> 


















.•ur 


iM. 


















r.r- 


«ir a few \ 




















happy. W 




















thoumnd. 


\V hrn 


di^ 


lUcd 


VNCh 


man'B 


■hnrt< 


t» but 


n •muli icrwu 


wttrk 


















Saw a 
i^oy who 


U • 




















iW 




















lU- 




















fl. 




















■1< 




















In 




















Ihi ^ 




















covrmil fn- 


















uch 


of fr..«t • 


1 
















Utr 


d. 


















iiml 



r'» Jut. 

corps, ; to 

*• to CO to 

I... of 

(In me; 
nu 
e» . 

till . .- . .. 

Irr to atay - I knir« of atarvatlon held in the 
riK 

<*. blrth- 

p\ - ?tken; 

U>. •» of 

f,. nll- 

n>- 

n- 

Nortn If !•> t.i'ii.j.i aii'i 

IhrettU, ait ink and file; but 



IT;! ♦nil* 'NhLKS • •}• \ \v\i: r 

on«» cnptain In trMlr«v, Tr.!.l -i srmiir r.f uw r t tt \rn» ^•n^n 

lO hopr for 

If 
f. 

h I .'.I Ml.- NoiIFi v^.MllI .Jf« I.J.' n I. "UN I.. ,.,A. 

T wMI fln«l it out bo; but he would ntit ex. .wn 

Wo haro Wftt<-h«»<l with lnt«»t»i«o Intoreiil the ronull of battles. 

J^..^.• f.-H l»i.t f>... i-t...t iv.^11.. I., t.. ).•• .!. . 1,1.. « li.'xi.t I i.w Id it I h.- 

tr 

h. 

f\ of our army to win the icreit* - 1 

VI- M. It Is not with our arinlen thai k." 

irrt^i tlatiKtr ii-j.1**. il Ih with the people at home. 1 have not 
ii«»<*n a man. though ho ho for "Mac." that hollovoi* th«»t th** olec- 
ll«»n of IJncoln wouM he a detriment to our c«i 

Tuemlav. Novoniher 8th. — It In election day. wi** 

nr 
«if 

r« Tho HohelH at 

w .; ., ro to know )i" A 

for th- tho war will 

with f- "ck the top *>'. 

wnn nwarmod with noidlerx and citixenK. and a few ladiea. lii-.^' •< 

for ballot}* wore placed Innide the dead line, two empt/ «>■ » •< 

hunK on th" wall t«» recolve thf hallotji. Mon who wlwh^l to \ 

were ninrchd In by miuadn. The Democracy leadom (Irinh poll. . i 

wero loud In thoir cry for "Mac", the H«>}>elii looking on with 

rurioun InteroHt. \Vh«'n wh»»l»» hundrodx wont In for "Abe" tlwv 

\% . • ■ . 

w ' 

II 

I.' 

t) 

b. 

\ 

i" o. The .•n»>or in ramp in 

H. < 'TT to ^ .: IT w:xt> f^tiUmi ii 

T.. 
chnnK* 

admit Li • ;■ 

umbln. A tho 

i:Oth N. V • .1 j'Ttjr«-«i <.fi H iiniHH fin.- i m.njifocl if 

they ever imiw men who hu from AndorBonvllle. One 



ITS 

'.k.-,J out 



•II n T< 



>uiBif1ti hv a m#mb#r of hi< 



t him 
•- In n 



ih«»»r 
. nnd 

wHI 



fimt. 

fr^m 



• ir-.i at tn«« T r <«T r i- iirn «>i 

r thAl hud no Ju«t cauiM> 



• nrra r«maln^ 



174 OHnoNlCLK« OK A w w. . ivIrfuNKIt 

(hrc« daya. were fed niul treated kindly by all. and told they wer« 

welcome to remain na lonjc an they plea»e<l. Hut too anxloua. as 

It prwvMl, to iret to our llnf* In the vicinity of Newbern. they 

nd the !»• .led al- 

K- that - HIa 

' B - Ap- 

-. The 



16th. — (iettlnff anothtr bit uf l>eef and 
floii .1 we would have a fine iiup|»er, so aold 

our tK>ef and ttouKht |H>tatoes. and traded nioul fur flour. We 
Think A quantity of fhiur hua more nutriment tha.n coarae. muaty 
!. There are two reaaona why: KIrat. with our limited 
ant of wood we can cook It better; meal la often raw. after 
rucl la gone. 

Second, difreatlon la ao deranged hy Improper diet that the 
ill the form of chyle, or aa eaten, thua Ita 
! (iaily Impjirted. 

f vermin la a contlnui>ua acourge. 
W«" M**. A great part of the day we 

• '• . ... = ^ ;; :. .^ lice. N»*xl morning thfv appear 

••ni and luaty. Kvery rag at timea la lnveMt«'4l. It lm> 

UH with an appalling aenno of degrodatlon. Iminiverlah- 

ment. phyaical wretchedneaa! No langUiige can Interpret It. We 

have fought It In fear and deathly dread. Now the keener air 

of autumn makea the tank a dread auch an w«> never felt, to atrip 

off tattered garm^nta and feel the chill atrike our emaciated 

i«*a. atiff and heavy with languor, while we aearch out with 

k and wiitery oyea. and cruah with trembling fingera the 

mis MifTlng. bliKMl-aucklng war ' - 'a day! Sitting 

at ' '■ thia afternoon. I heard il hilarity; an 

I. >n i-i. atreet where a aquad frei*l. ii-n, .^hermiin had Juat 

<vl. I>4MikinK that way I aiiw ThompHon approa«'hing. nnd 

. lu' •■\]\:h.h Icada the Van." and elapplng hia handa In glee. 

lie • (ell me newa. 

I have rich newa; Lincoln carried every State 

but three, i he i 'opi^H*rheada are beat out of alght. old Seymour 

of Nfw York, la driven down without ahar|»enlng. Kenton la 

nor of New York by fr<)m 30.000 I© $0,000. HuUy. 

Vorfh* I told you wed beat." 

• opie might deapond. that Copper- 
hen 'X out of the great aacrlflce of the 

. leieil, and by fuaion and 
I hey might deceive the 

•■'" • " f "•■i i. ..>....»••. So I replied enthU8> 

laatlcaily; 



rtlRONIfl.KS OF A WAR PRIfiONRR. 

It I* lh# gX' r mixv. 

! 



lur. 

Thtirw'lrxv Vnv*»mh*'r 17th.— Fine weather. ffnnltnrv jtatkIii 

rjf (lliitr<hutf>4l to parr)!- •%• 

••xcepl that whl«'h !• » «• 

Th',- fn<»"t !;•••• ly In camp n-. 

••• are to do Rebel work let th- «« 



to the woodM for ,1 

r> the ctt)und of • . . .;. h.c 

entir utr of ahelter. 

r s: th.. pr!«nri wna nolay over the return to priaon 
of (thoae who went out on oath 

Jir>'! ^f> th*»v Mr<» hoof«^'f nnd nhn<»«»«J. 



c 

four tttnra fill the huta he hnM let ua i)Uil<l. and itie 
for whom w«» Intended them, jfet no relU'f. No on«» 
-d In. Thry My It m*aa t>ecauae Ihey 
. ir«»t n "miiunrr* fT»*i»l ** 

Hla 
t An- 

1 



•t#»r. h*or a while durinK th** 
r». He foea outside to chf»p. C» 



176 

iik'h' . K..I.I.. ti anything 

ly It of the 

n -8llck- 

1 split - 

In th^ 

'»r 

fv 

way Is u V inong them Is a 
■ ■ ' ■ h-\n 



without alloy. th< 

the true riDK -^ i! '" i:; ' 
te in the diviner realm of 

KituiutJo. They - " 

I watt up tu ' 



liilll 


•'<r(«« \' 


..f 

III oil- 

■'■:r (lay 

• :?* 

Ml 
Ml 




\ 1 1 1 ; < ■ 

ike our 


t" •Mine, 
souls to 




>). notlclnif 


some of 

«. . f «»,. 

r«) 

• .1. 
y - 
..f 

. 1 



bAHflti ( b bi A HVAMUN UHUtK. 
We'lnemlaj. N«»veml»rr ;;3«l. The li«th ll heffaii r 



but 



'>C 



1 A WAK I'll 177 

(ak<-!i .MM N'.. r .■ t....M. Iii«ii».! 

sir 
•I- 

w*. ott 

•*i ' n 

Iv. 

tU! 

Ill ■ 

iq.l :..r 

iH" : la 

c«»i k'hi 

lo • IVC 

of II 

la r .Hi. 

-I*.. >.1- 

lo 

Wi'. ' .ur 

t|u on 

|Mv ver 

br . ! or 

ur* i». .\ K»«-n I'-iii i>i I ii<- «.i:iiji ii.k.i ipu nil .i:i.> ttlini^ 

. 1. ..I ...... 11. ■', I.. I > I M kt..* v Kilt r.tt ..< n,..,,M . ,..\u <vho 

ho M'n 

vl« r.tl 

lui> lly 

«dh«*fn<l i«> •■ when 

mrf» r^fnpr. .f utrir- 

v«i ..im. 

tMr Mat 

.h1. 

"•r« 
-Ir 



•TO 

I he 
M-iit in 
vr hi* 
water, 
brains 



178 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER 

r-'- "•- ••"" ' '" 

tftcrnoon. the first since KrWlny. the 18t» 
1 ' .•i\s of fnmlne. tK.- i-su.n of wood hav« 

y we h:i Me to keep up 

Mrh we h" • -il over till we 

lire i • pitch Bmoke. 

A 1-rmiin had taken Mncon with 6.000 prisoners 

and Wiiit puiih. vannnh. Is all we have had from without 

to cheer us. In our hundred was found frozen thJs 

morrilnB, Thrt-.,- ..i!i..r men wore frozen to death last nJcht that 
I know of. To add to our misery, all the wells In the camp are 
ordered fl!' " k' u» to go to the swamp brook for water. 

Every mn- l In line and kopt standlnK. many bar* - 

f-^ • ' ' ^ • * .. » .1,, It ^;j„ itetnfc done. On 

t . of the third thousand). 

L.= .- '^"h Jaunty hats, ap- 

peared to . . the work, makii k 

some hrok- v. of authority. !!• 

had come out with his sanitary hat on, the brim looped up blun 
terlHKly. set back on his red pate. In his usual swearlnur mood ff: 
one of his delectable show-offs, we his subjects: the lallf^s h.- 
audience. At flr«t wo were prompted to retire from th«» pr«'senr. 
of ladles, our f ! attire belnf? Imperfect: but his old re- 

volver and thr .ill In line, whether cold or modest, and 

f- mljfht be someihlnR different a:: 

t. rude nature tauKht us*, so we 

n i > liut his delicate e.i'- ' -' 

^ ••. now thore. uttering »rroans. 

t \<>M L'.f f?.it )iif' T».T»iiri« • 

I.' ■ ■ ■ 

f. , . ,. .^ . , . 

k w to vent his wrath. He would point It cocked dl- 

r- rd us and say. "Who said that? O—d d — n you. who 

SiiM ;i? I dare the son of a b— to say It acain — I dare — what 
what"— say It aidn — I dare you to say It — O — d — n you— I'll put 
S' '1 under the irround!'* Hotween these «*xcl.imatlons h' 

^ e for a sound. Not lonir after breuklnir ranks. th< 

!'• ..... 'red. Ri«» rly a pint each of 

II of pnlt. 

'-'■' \ ' I II . :i the air. but plr-ns- 
ft' : to rut down rations. T).'- 

I < •..•<.. f •,,;. t ■>. M .. ^,. : 

be well off. !• „». •« 

under his fr,mf ,.,^ 1^ 

open«»d. T' md othor 

poinu, Tl. I (hem to 



17» 



an «»ff««»*»r «» »• 


'*''r*»« r*^- 


pen. 


.• It 


opt 


• n! 


Hr. 




Wi« 




•Tl.., - ... 


.» »... n ...w-.. u.. .. nf.i.in «....* 


•bruarl." 




Hut unlay. Noveml>«r 2«ih. 


— N«iiv« cornea of a sudden that 


hospitAl alck ar« b«lns paroled. 


It Is said that 350 are to leave on 


Mor.!iv 




s ■ 


of the four 


mn: 


P'lt !n the 


ffxmr«l hwu». ti». 


.w. I;. M«. 


Llrut Itiirr.-tl h 


.-, nr*!i»r« «?• 


bro . 


.Md 


th. 


•he 




rUf 




Me 




•*e- 




ue- 




: In 


frr: 


■ fuard 


ln% 


t. The 


mr to Ur ftliul. I 


.li «wore In 


fin i:hf- finiwff' 


n with vile 


rl*! 


■ i\B. 


•w 


St 


(o 


!ld 


pr 


ot 


•' 


• o- 




"H. 




ir 




vn 




- a 


iiurr 


•n. 


Th ■ 


of 




.e very 




K;nd. It 




TK'.-y knew 




n who waa 




•n. their motive 




•ring of others. 



he first thousand Is marched out. 

anil - a are selected for parole, no doubt. 

tbooch all aona or stories are afloat. It seems like a dream. Shall 






k: 


























I 










M.i. the first we have to 


a< 










lines, la playing. ' 


- Bonnie 


It 












I III - 


«I 












. Ctn.. 


who r. 










1." 




T> 










tmp in nstfr acalr. 


tnUy. 


rr 










Ill tn the east: then u 




t! 










t*ii> ox:trt Ttnmh<»r. t 




a! 










Thi. 


coluiiitt 


\x 










mtk mil 


I wh<>n 


1. 










! (h.- ^• 




It 










' rroRs. t 


: 


In. 1 ' 














daubo ' 














It »• 














r 














I' 












. 


h 














h. 








s btllJpt 






n. 








tho (llrl 






Injuri: K t>«»i 


\iv ; • 






A of. 






PrMnv 


rw.. 






-no to 


Hick call with Con, Corbett. jet 


a 








•r>' bark 


The steward dealt It 


out to 


1*^ 








cup. or 


bottle, until It was ffone 


. not a 


h 








' 


•. ♦ • , .... 


! 














1 


«■.• 














tf 











. , . . 


. . . .. ... 


tt. 






it. 














. ^. 


>fn>' ttMi.- 


:\k'«' tri i..i««j«IfHf !?!«• ifU.ir 


1 with 


H. 


-rtnK»'r. ■ 








r of 


It 


To 


K^ 








■jnd. 


Vk 














In 














To '-..11 - 










ll« a 




Innffunffe. 










k: down » 




to woU for 


T ni> 


••rti> 


UK 


••f III«V ] 


1 no T»i.ij.»rlty ■ 




hope. No floom. 


no 


•traw. though It eould b«» i- 





is: I'llR" •M'M.lS «»I A NN Ml f'KlSONER. 



ON TO CHARLEOTON 


HOMEWARD BOUND. 




w. 




he«l 


InniUi* • 




in- 


dr. 




•nl 


rn! 




^tii. 


|l«»ii.iii>; ' ;>•• 111'"'*! :•■• 


.^ .. ,.,. , . 


...tik 


the name way till i 


il of UN without 


not'-" ;' "- •• ■'* 


I i.t.rnr 


. .1 to 


ph 




lid. 


In 




. k." 


"What 


1 iim ntck. "What in 


It? \Vh 


KlvInK him l)rleny 


en use* 


and r*'Hulii4. uniuiiK ih«-iu Utui>h>. 


•'You can utand II till the 


war !■ 



over. I reckon, eh? Time out. eh?" "I'an't pfo it l«>nK. doctor, 
iiure," The truth wa8 prima facia, for I was l>ow<»d. and one 

Hide of my fare wan »»lnated. one eve cloned, and mouth Inclined 

to one side. WMh a ^vlth 

his hand. "f»n out." "l<>* 

in in<! I 5 i i-und 

m> 1 the K .»>le like 

my*- , '•>« ♦' ; I'lnic In 

front of th.' !..« I wiw 
J. I? H .\s r . T" he only 
ma 'y. We 
nnt • future 
fatf. fur Hiill V. ■ nt. de- 
termined fh-t 'f ^e us or 
kill us f prob- 
able |M> *> awak- 
ened c.i Ihe 
tryinc red 
us ' me 
st». i«- 
por r hat 
not 1 an 
e|H •of 
events, and I '<»re 
a doTnll r.r I'd 
not <lve 
(1. ,..ut 
nv' Yet 
ot) > sllffht 
dlsnpi "ir.T ti,.ni .»^!iii I r. u .»j<»«\jr<-.i ih.ii m.- k'""""'" ■» *> was not 
far away, that the blissful change was nigh, ond my heart 



1 



m*nt 

\ 






1 

• ■ 1. 

iiy |)rrii«iit |ihu»c of llfv. that i h«tl but m 



.'. It 

..f n- 



(he mllrou'l t<» awnit th« rrturn of th« train from 

1 



-I lo 

look 

I 



r Thin lime 

H 

•«« of the dAjr hAfI quite exhnu- li caused 



my f«»^bl« H»ii»>ii !•» n\v\\ ntMl i - .11 firwi that 

•«• ilted all 



nut know but It st orders to 

«c. You won*i run away. now. 

8? a 



ir. 






' ri-' •" ' • •••^ > ■ 111 !}■! r.. 

i th«*y were on Ur • on Ih* 



'fr 



I'i "^••■■"•.••••IM'-lll.-'llll 

lti;> ! guvo up for u tJiiic Our 



llTt t iJ. . V f 



\i%iiU*. iM4ii«l«^*A llioU aiiU »wlit4ititg th 



1S6 CUnoNICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 



with brencJ in Home 


> :i dozen 


of them. V, !" ••*" 


• ■• Inrce 


bulldlnffii ^^ 


..ilkii 


turn up wit! 


• \\v 


walk, niul Iti t?- J . 


. of 


tnll. nink. ilfa<l wt- 


K«'n 


lUI: ' ... 


i'K>r 


aii ' 


• ..)n. 


St'. 


. ..Auk 


an : 


! uln», of 


cli:- . - -- 


no one 


can Imajcine or conc-five the awful wreck. No : 


A rite, no 


|>encil paint, no tonKue toll. Evt-ry Hhade was i 


the air 


dreamy, ancient. Could ruin be more complete" 


An iniv of down- 



fall has i>erched on th!"» vrf*\\'\ rity. It Is not Pompeii nor Thebes: 
but It is our own a •••. built by our own fathers, even 

ourselves. In our ow • Kenerutlon, and In our new world, 

in ruins as - they. 

Hotels Ht. without a host; within was a 

hollow echo, u , "• •" ' 1..^.. ^„t,. 

bish. and wild w ■ - »>• 

C<»f^ • 'MioUN. .^ ^ ..-, ^ ■ . .. .. ....:.L[iiii 

thr \en doiirs we saw masses of rubbish fallen from roofs 

an'-: .-. .,-- 

Few people w^re seen in this vicinity, once the principal busi- 
ness imrt of the city. 

Overdone and we;ik. hundre^ls fell behind, and the column was 
scattered. Assisted by Iliiwks and B. F. Madlso?, of Plainfleld. 
Otsego County. New York, we had chosen the - allowed 

lo take our time. We were limplnfc up the rust> • Kaxlng 

thouKhtfully at '. -. when a miin app«ir.-.i ui the door 

of a large, brok- nt and accosted us In un insolent 

way: 

"Htt, wall; wah isn't what it's cracked up to be. ha, — after all, 
is if* 

I suKK<-Hted: "By the cracks, you have got around ber«, I 
guess It Is." 

He seemetl exultant over After more 

than an hour's wlndlngi we » i 1 irt:.' com- 

modious building that had be« In. 

but was dirty as a barn. U ■" • •• 

The guard was placed •■ > t'> 

front nnd r^nr. "Hlstem ml 

col. 

or 

K«"'l T.<>-, t r;«' tii?«i iiiii'>!.f« iiM«'i\i-j iiiMii ••1.11,1 II. .1 c'liK iiiii'-, 



rHRr»Vlf«!.K«< of ^ \V \n PR!P'»vfr 



A Hilll'T 

ir. «■!.-! . 

of . 



1S7 


•.V 


'". 


U.Ura 


went 


it the 


le w« 



iC comfortable. 



; since 
■ "J wna 

•h 

V 

I'Jlh It 

not even 

a car 

the ptorm 

.. . . • •-^■- A 

In Ih 

..IS* ■ i» 

•1 
t. 
;t 
• t 



re It 
Tort 



nut ot! thr litt-r nil.'. l»iii^f,( hal U'ft ni.n inarKu In Al'tll. 1S63, 



i*llll«»N-|<M.KH OF A WAR PRIBOKER. 



.,■ . : It 

\* IV- 



I?. .» prriud thoufcht «hnl w« had nurviveil 

w ! wr-o In ,»-trc t-himphRntly on the re- 

About no«in ihc 
r« on h«M<r'l. ini'l 

a. • !;-il V. . ; : ..fuTH 

ft ft to Im' It 1 

«>■" 

f» 

lH- 

T» 
nt 
U; 
V 

f|. • rt-nlixo I ho hc>on of i 

f(\ %v nri» !o bo j»nnn. ^^'. 

of thoy Ti tif Krtten>UM 

H" linpaHfl" ; iml. C>. how 

«1. how d. ■ ui ihv hfixrXH of th<*t"- 

W' No m. .» iiorll could (Irlxr It 

n . - '• •'.'.■'•■..: 

P' 

T 



ovpr. n l)Jin«i n- 

T Thonc*!' t^TT 

«»■ 

In \VII<I r &( i.t lltilt l«>|,H Ulxiiii. IV« l> HUil l"-U». (Otil tiival. 



••MM<» \ WAR PRIKONKH 



miduiv or 

I 

T ■ 






1.1 II 



t would bave b«en 



< 


f.r.i;ni> 


r- 


as we I 


.1... i: , 


.. '■ • 


I was ti'I 


.'. 


30 w.iM . 




} 




they \ 





190 rHROVff-T.FP OF A WAR PRISONER. 

fort. hungry, feverishly loniclnir with i) 

fltarv' 

On U. ■■ of the 13th there was the unceremonious bir 

solemn si • ' burin! nf ♦.-•ni men at sea. In the forenoon or 

the 14th »«•*. fr.il more v i-ht up wrapped In blankets, and 

|ow»r<wi Into fh<» wnf«T I from us forever. Men on the 

I from prison not from hospital 

red Inadmissible: men who wer 

♦i to subsist on coarsest fare, a 

• Is an actual fact, from day to 

' 'vf»n. On bosplt.il boat? 

•he burial of fr<»m 12 t 

H, or 
furn- 
ished by the Chrtntian t'ommtusion. the doctor ipixe the worst a 
drink of hot whisky punch three times a day. or a dose of Jamaica 
irlnKer tea supplle<l by the Soldiers' Aid Society. But nothing 
checked my complaints, and owing to dropsical tendency, that 
made me sluggish and clumsy, my complaint was all that savi-| 
my life In the «»nd: for while the operations of the urinarv svhf<'ni 
V. " V . . . .^y ^^ jj^^ Intestinal • iture 

t was uncomfortably and 

J< 1...., ..Ion and pain ii i ; - .wd to 

•I' ■ better parts, covering as 

n .' : : , L'rslBle«l hi st-. 'hl- t>'..t'- 

blankets at nil tlmo^. and stretching at full ! 

without rofrard to othors" rights or wants, and v ' * 
It out on that line — a class of men who rejoiced as lou<lly wh»»n fn*- 
ns any. though perhaps less grateful for respect and klndnes 
shown by frlondly strangprs. who took every little tondernes?" 
every expr#«««lon of nff«»rilon Pvery service and sympathy, an '. 
•I' ' them under foot. Few amonv: 
*? ey wore among the stmnrest- 
g"^- ' They were the st" 
they V \n Is but the world o\ 
S'" ' "^ ■ * -auty to the scene. 
If v: of the fair and 
d! ' i;.,f th'-..-:i->i the : 

mist and t .wed Its way, 

benrfrc^ ti« , we half un- 

<*" 'Md: the crew 

*' run: we felt a 

<J' but 1. jI llkl;.K .1 ivjUKli lime. 

t. lying on the upper deck. I heard the 

Wat. n .ir.!.'. jt.' . « ..j . ilatteras Light House." The feeblest on 



CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 



Ill 



far *h< - 
then •'. 
North 

I H> 

a« I kr 
l>«>h«Id 
that t«< 

mtli*B a' 

dr. 
th. 
Ily .. 
li*r At 

I 

M« 

br 
ravr n 

mm an 
Ihr d^<>)« ' 
frl«>n<lfl wh. 
w«- 
tkt\ '. 

rut 

at) '. 

ih- 
Ct 

FT 

to ■ 

and Hij w-A . 

thr»»>i»fh fh« 

•r»* 

of 
Bn 

din:. 

Iravinc Ihr 
tot>arci>. t 
would r 

Mld- 

an 1 

nrvrr • 

wortla. 

tell my *»...< ;.«• j 

lh« pa«c. I only 



■ r .if.1 trmtltade 

nd 

r^ 

c Hlxty 

All waa 

vr..d. 

id- 

V V i< .ij nan- 

L* t*. >rlr<>aa 

1 lo 

md 

.11 uf heroic 

.1 vaat fleet. 

ilial they were 

1 In prison, that 

^•r lal>or 

of the 

■>i i « I J'-, of Joy 

ze. 

•v Mr.1 f >.,.,.» In 

of 
rea. 

n to Aiexnndria. 

murh ntiffrrlnir 

•ced 



mher 16th we came in view of the city 

- * * Trf. The Marine 

way for quite a 



i ov«T t: 

rrnrv t- 





un 

ted 




A ho 




•fa and 




hoya"; 




In." 




■ind 


Ihc 


avvtcteat 


Bui 


I cannot 



1 .1..- ;■;..• w .nn Ki u- ir. I 1.. not wlah lo pollute 
won<lercd then, aa now. thai I had any feelln^a 



!•; rHRONin.Efl of a war prisoner. 

!. 

a ml .- 

1?, ■iV.l.H :iti.l ^f.».Hv..n. T Hii.T.M. »i- J 

r«'achlnK ' 
logclhor. 
gomery I wmi lu )mrtu«^k>* ■ 

Ar ^n!!rf» n*»w ^nlt an*. . . hlank^ts 

w vrf ' 

'V iM>n hoiipltalii come on separate boat* an 

nro In tr..- .n,i\.iI ><.H'>ol and St. John's College Honpital. N> 
arrivals are )>«>lnff s*»nt to Parole Camp Hospital, two miles froi 
thr rl'- 

1 !sre a debt of icnititude to James B. Hawks. Wak 

..«> . '.... «'..t:.'\ Mi.hi.. ..V xv)i..«.. nmtherly •••-■• • 

I me. wli 
•rt. and "i 
sjived me from a watery icrave. Also Benjamlr 
•.vhoiie kindness was like n father's. 

r darkness, out of din. 
Liilo realms of peace I rise; 
Fn>m a den of woe and sin 

Where squalid misery filled my eyes. 

A have risen from the ntRbt. 

From the worst of mortal hells: 
From Its fumes and fri»m Its bllr* "• 

'Gainst which every thought : 

In thai clutch of rlrcunisUince 

vCt t ..> (r t. .., ,v 1 I . ...I .1.1 .t I,. I .'.... 1 



There Is no spot of wrath or tears. 

c»r horrors worse than that foul place; 
Th#» suffering for the sin of years 

That brought the Nation deep dlsgrarf. 

Therf Is no crime that men rommll 
That brings to peoples more distress; 

Nor fnlRhtler war fires e'er were lit 
Th«' >vnith of Treason to suppress. 



rHRoN'lri.F.5* OF A WAR PRIflONfTR. 

<^r >,« roll: 

Thr ' 

For vtn that atAinMl the country's scroll. 



Its 



CONCLUDING SKETCHES FROM DIARV 
Parol** <'an>i> * r 17. 8«- . 



ka llor<> 

rot f..r . 

■ of r 



ttilm boon me 

', fr..m Tt;.- 



thotiRh {\\\i*i\ with 



frvem •^.fi^inii t 

• ^. I r l.M !•» ul 
->•• lh«Tn horn'". 



.1 i;rt;fct i*aln. 
Vfrv rar* In 



brukrn - flmh m 

-y .T.- t ' ! m'<»re n^ ■ . . 

Ihf en«luninr«> of ihfiM» nuM; 
.rvel to our doctorB. owlnc to • <'.\ 

.xl liift'UKh ili«ir bodies which no koowii tn^atinoni omi rr- 
Th*» li»«« nf Jununrv I boffin to r«H'ov.»r Mm? wh**!) th« 

'f morbM pro** 

k'th. No* how- 

]. 



.»• the abiKirtnal hunger while It enrr%*at«H! nnd Inflamed the 

V Mr»i . 

'.s furiiin) '^ 

^••ro fr. fi» Truly did 

>f 

r.. ; •■..> m.rr- . ..f.,r..r?. ri ri It |m Laf an ex^r^.•i^,Hl..n 

of fralltudr tu »ay that • « tho noblont i»ort. Manly 



|to<»kji wrrr f.; 

r<*»t 1»««1 ri«»ar to d«»»« 

.n« Th. 

• rm fh**!' 



1f4 « OF A WAR rniSoNER. 

bmver>' ami ; ••<l the dangem of battle, but womnnly 

love and klndnrnn. through many aacriflcen. dealt with horrors 
left thickly behind. 

The ewnlnir of February 8th the chief clerk brouRht my thirty 

daya' furlough. I had not been out of my war.l. but the next 

mornlns I ate my ration of bread, iiteak. milk and eicK. and dresaetl 

for a utart. rulllnir on Mlirn Phllllpa 1 found her unpacking 

! the like. She had Invlte.l all to call who 

• bid her KO<»d-bye. She waa efficient aa a 

ii,..,,..i .ii .1-. . 1 •' ••- •' •■•■• » < - ■• " ">'.. called ua. 

She gave me un-l e<l In i>ul- 

tlnjc up crackem ... ... :.^ lo gnaw on 

the way. They will l>e roo^I for you." she aald. and ahe came 
around and crowded them Into my pocketa. 

While thia leaves the Impression that the lady Is kind nnd 
philanthropic to unfortunate soldiers, I am constrained to note. 
also, that she Is a pretty youiiR woman— a beautiful blonde. Mrs. 
Carey is an older woman, perhaps forty-five, a lady of culture. 
Kentllity and ripening womanly truces that compel respect and ad- 
miration. 

I was off at 9 a. m., but did not leave Raltln. " 'enlnc> 

The train was crowded with invalid soldiers. .'d by 

f- ■ '- At HarrlHburK de(>ut ut mldnlKht I fouii.. .i j.iiy and 
• slttlnK bcMldcM a soldier son. whom they had been to 
\'. .. — ..Ion after. He hail be^n wounded and a prisoner, having 
a broken leg which had not healetl. They were Ohio people. 
While waiting for the train, he expired. 

It was five <lays and nights before reaching my home In 
New York, having to stop at lUnghampton to recruit. The pro- 
prietor ond ladies of the hotel were extremely kind to me. Fifty 
days, twenty more than my original furlough. I was under the 
care of two doctors, getting to the door for the first to listen to 
booming cannon. April 10, celebrating the surrender of Lee to 
if rant, April 11th I start e«l for Ai '■' " New York 

rity. April 14 1 left that city in tb .trig KaJti- 

more alnrnt S a. m.. April 15. the ti.i.n » ^ ?,(.., "^ sub- 

urbs, and )>oarded by officers and all doors locke<l. belnjr 

K''-'-' 11. 1. 1 ■i.r.ii<-hf ...),... T . ^l « ..r Uncoln'" ■- it was 

! an«l all n-.i. There 

•^. A cro . Kh men. of 

the ilegrade.j class, confronted us and began to Jeer and shout 
"<}oo<l news thin m.-.rnlng." and rejoice at the murder of the presi- 
dent. We In • forme<l as If by Impulse, and with canes 
and revolvern them. They ran for their liven, scattering 
into alleys and 1m !ii!.<l buildings until all had illsappeared. Th« 
tnovcnictii was earnest; every aoUlier meant business; and clU* 



nil: -J OF A WAR PIV 1»S 

/.tiH rh..r.-.l .« US ruth up ih© ' • I ch«s« th« 

nrf.i thnt no tralnn trntiti !*»?\vi« Hnltlmore tluit 

'. th«t V. In th« c!ty. 

• ftt? w*«r- y wna filled 

» r». It wa* 

In uniform. 

. Alth 

•he 

'•re 

the 

•nt. 

of 

re» the 

Ui<' ithy nn«l r^irret. 

It ■-*■ An we were 

'^o h«»r said: 
The ex- 
ult UK of April 17 
Ir.t ' at the hoapltAl. 

\n none 

I wa« 

,., .... ^ - :..• office 

of v.. In ch:irk-«". where 

I r ... ;. In the dlscharc* of 

soldier*. 

It vv.iw n iir»'1 wtjrht r\ft«*r four month* In hnjtpltitt to look 

— It la 

ith was 

jti.. :. lut :j;aj.> l<> .1 ^t» Hi uf rcvenite. 

(Ill I'nlon prisitncrfi of Mnrrh. 186S, 

inntall- 

Thme 

-'! of 

!%»• 'ne 

.« . •. -i.n a 

Kla and 

In the 

nil' ;• Hum- 

ler a per- 

so 

riAr*ne* MllUn Ba^mnnah. 
•r .rity 

of « as 

^a t tk « I . ' 1 i ••;»•. 1 r .s • • • I r. '' ^ • t K n 1 1 . fi\ f ' 1 J • 1 ' f .1 rad 

and tb« hlddsa «^ nla of thoM mho ditd In tran«tt. shot 



li« CHUONICLBS OK A WAH PUISONER. 

Ijy jv - , . V ^- jqjj, ij^ nitcmpllnjc escape, of wh 

the: :ill b«« ri'VraltMl. 



tlVMi. bui prison llf^ w:i» ■ 

t*r i>«»n. At Lyiuhf utk' ^ < 

N. I*.. Augusta, c; S. *.'.. atiU olher |n»Hili» lher«- «■ 

unnjt'»trik!TM»' tuk- ••im. When I uin-ak of ihc bnrl. 

Ity ' ith 1 nicu!. lUui ruWuK spirit that first concoct«Ml 

ncf .-me to subvert thf Kovernrnvnt to an Instrumcn: 

oppr« «?•;.. r,. nnally to overthrow It. 

Thf funi-ral obMcqutfH for President Lincoln whom most ^ 
' vinit father is esteemed, as v " 
were In progress at Wa.* 
.; v.tiinun was heard from •> 
<n the furentKJM of April ISlh. 
-; my ward, deeply feeling the g: ... 
cnrcaslon. these lines were comt>osed: 

LINCOLN. 
To Conquer it to Live, Enough. 
Arise, ye sons, of brave Columbia, rise 
And |>ay a tribute to a nuirtyred son! 
Let tear drops full, like soft rain from the skies. 
HfbwlnR the earth where our own Lincoln lien. 
As irreut and good as our own Washington. 
Ye daughters rl»e and let your voices miund, 

' ' ' ' : • opIe'H grief; 

fiir .'irounii. 

..., .M«-n ff>und. 

Though deeply t. ourn our mddr chief. 

!>'• i: •• « heck thes welling lld«» 

'I •rmlne the Nation's ho|»e, 

I.- i; nt Its bleo<llng sido 

To MWiilluw up 111! Freemen's ho|>e and pride; 
Iff f!rrw the nword hert>lc'ly to cope. 
iKht and well; 
(IvfMi with running gore! 

1 >;. fleii fell. 

So ' to quell; 

'I • d o'er the m-ii 

* • '^■"■'•Ign shore. 

li er the H«iuthern If 

llv^ - - - . .» free. 



l> !•■• !<• iX I i: I'Ji 



1'l» \\ V '• oil'- 

I 
I' 



I .V 1. • XT'"! \\ « « ,,..»>;. I ... 

A wrwilh of flor>* crown* lh> 



'tiMt claim, 

ill- li.llMf. 



tT wniusht. 

u- ribuff 



■i wavr.! 



thull fall. 
■ 1 •uspl^c. 



■ III! M n :lll(l. 



IDS 


While li> 


11K< 


• NH 
VIS 


prin 


I.-1 hU\s 






Init 








(if \s 








lery 


At.tUiiK 






iM'HUtirV th*" 






h€T 




• ■ ! I 


1.- \ 


my 




On 


Jut 



\ \s \\: n:!s« •nku. 

VISITED CLARA BARTON. 



,1 


1 >•- 1 


-• . 




rvo 

...1.- 


1 » 













' n made on 












■ UuK mlj«j«- 












iit. one 










' 


: < o!n«-- 


.iuih4iia> lu 


K' 


> Uk-ic lo . 


. ii«l 


<If>filrp«1 


11 n f 


•X- 


prisoner 


to 

11' 

I h 


••y 

•I In Wii 

r h..- ' 
iit\ .< 


..; »,.... 


^. •' ' • 


^, 


. .... i«* 


h- 


•-••<• 


shf had 


never 


known. 


S» 


i'U 


hvii.iii 


\\ it h 


l! 


11- titl.' ' 


( •• 


re- 
lic been iip- 
<1 to her all 


r. Shf itHiifii 


If 


1 IM.Ul.l 


ir» 


I double*! 



1 thought mlKht anHint her. 
my ability owlnfc to priHon allmentit. She unketl me to fco with 
her to a phynlrlan for examination which I did. He streiiuoUMly 
jidvlNed aRuhiMt njy return t<» Ander»onvllle. 

It waH a pleasure to meet (Mam Iljirton. She In noted for 
humane and heroic nervlce to Kufferlnfc Holdiem and their frlentlK. 
I JudKe the huly thirty-five y««arH of aice. meillum helKht. •! 
eyeM and hjilr. nllni. Rriui-ful f«»rm. She Ih not what lUHlely p« • 

••Mt« ' ' ....... »„»auty. Her face \h plain but bearing al..wi 

It t ; than phynlcal l>eauty — a nweel cnnvlnrlniC 

exj.; -'^ -••l'' i.liiii..' .11.1 t ! iisifiili,.-H«. Hnd whiMl 

h»«r Interent calmly bril- 

liant an.I if M due a noul 

whoHe ! - not narrow boundi*. It In a face of firm Intelll- 

K»*Mce u 'I other icracen InHpIre annoclateH in the work to 

which Hb.* Uitti b.M'n hl(;hly <levoted. Her purity of purpose 
fllelHy lo lirr mlNNlon. haH led her to know no danRer. to *^< 
no experience nhe must have met In the yearn she wllnef*«- 
no woman nr man had seen In this irenenitlon. I felt li 
th.it lii-r lofty ui . «>f her i 

^,iii.il>. I hilt \v« al>out \' 

IIMl«' know and i.. t mi ' ' 

Yet she In <i' ■ many n- 

ln»f '»"• •• '"- ■• --f «. •• ,,..;, ..^„.. 

wi k to which 

If y. yet so ten', 

becomi' )levoic<l. In n lofty »■ knew no foe If fin? < 

within their ministrations. 'I '< been a mission as hiK 

the causes for which belligerents warred. While X have not i • ■ 



CHROVirLKS OF A WAR PRISONER. Iff 



thi> Work to \%hi<h H.> 
■rrvlce* 1m lh«« \\ar 

FOUND HER BROTHERS GRAVE 
In 18T8 a 



ParUh <N. V 



I 



uur mill IuUt a r(*iililriit 



l>:4llt 

I ■:■><■ liono of \iiiir i.itfi.tx )>iv.. t •• ■ . I \.>iir 

A Wnr 1 vklth m. i 

•f minr |. ill Hi. ,« 

r«*itutiti» r«*m in tf.- . ♦ • • 

I" »T^% h«Mi'f f <-t*m<»t»'rv. :int? thn ynar 



urouffht UN to Mamn. whvrc wa 

... . ^^ 



the rar, f^rllnir 



■I ■ i« II I) II »\ i-i •• n \t I UK I UK I I < MM I rn- 

the tickrt*. thrn at urn, wlwii th< 
\n<i«r»onvHI«?" 



•00 



ninMNIc'l.KS <»F A WAR PRISONKR 



•Ar* you n Noril 
v.— nit. Ar« you 



i:i\li.u' Ml- ;i ^' < ■'. h'- ««t«1: "Woll. you hji 

! Win help you 111 

\v*» nrrlv«Hl ut ' 

Hiuiioii. roi I. M who I 

T»u- u 
^'«*iint. u 

! 



hln 

with 

fllltHi m>liM- ii.i> Ml Ut.- U>X. Uf .tli K<>1 lit i 

Hciilfi ♦»« »b»» »»f>it».»n ?Mv! w»T«» ilrlv.-fi nwuy i 

ut> f » : • ' ii i* N<_>u 

114^ ) I will b«- 

you, A I 

»«v«Tythli 

ir<im \\ 

i^.. , wo : - 

iHMialty ! ' on any one who dared by n 

MUNinU t" '^■ 

Th«' tlfully k- 

conler jh »«» •'» hai 

lirirk rim}«i>iit> %^ hi* h ih (•> s.ive ,iH a «lrain; for >wu iiiuttl - 
m««ml»«T ht»\v Ihf laixl will Knl<"h unci unllv h'^ro afttT the hi 
nilim. A wliUc plrkrt fom #» i'DcIohcii ihv hUIo of which 

no f>«iiiro orutiK** h«M|ffi>. JuHt In the c II. In the* m 



j,|,,-,.. II. .11 'I I .» .iii'i rxM-ii I'l I III i>t »-.u.iiii 

I ho 't- 

• • !)^«' iiiiiti>ii<r iif uiv liriilhi-t'u IT 
W»K 

i.r I 

■«t in> to 
• . hv wtut 
m culc-ululluti u« lo how iiukity mum In liio row. when h«t wuuM j^ 



: riUSoNKIt : 1 

•It 
til 

oU 

\vn 



riil 

■ w- 

il.ti «.J* :M«I. 

Wru» \. ter 

NO 
.ilH 

In 

i. U« 

niwlviw. nml 
on inir! Hunir: Hunff!" In 

•Tipt ro- 

»n ynur 

llh 

tnc 

\\ o. f ho 

hr i»K 

at - lar 

br. . 

13. Tie 
y. !. or 

en 

. h 

'•If 

f tlwy 

I fixed 

•ro we 

lit the 

ThfTP 

wn the 

■ -oie 

he 



loll lluil lll-J 




«»f nil nortii. • 




but ' 




Kili.l. . 




our riot 




I' t 1 H S 1 . . 




the 


noil 


. by 


IM> 1 


iiiul bniuKht It awiiy, 


ami 



202 CHRuNICLKS OF A NVAIl TRISoNKIl. 

It In a ifi»urel Ulppor. They now call It "Provldcnllal HprltiK " 
W** Inokr^l :tlM>ut the (croun<lfl for Home rellcii the jKKir f«-lIiMS"* 
•i«l. but couUl nee nothlnfc but old iiho«-M twinted . 
th*' nuiiii utui nilnn. until my frleiul pliketl up a I 

..•re told that trlnk 
plenty at one tli 
• ux. 
r, waa the color of the noli 

'• » • "'ned coivh* ■ • 

• \v rovet • 
• have b- 

an It natui 
Home In a p.i; 
• lu part, which will no d<> 
colored "linen." • • • 
; In Andernonvllle we left 
I never expocle<! to experb- 
We had alwayn hope<l we nh« 
II to rent In the family lot In 
Ml iilKiut the "National Ce* 
iful that I felt content to 
^>w. ......i. . ..ii.l <lled with him. I could 

nl that I could make; That would be to pi 

»"-* >'. "I v.t.'. >^ v.,.ni« I... ,,,..,.. .-M.iiirlnic tl 

that for un. 
• th«Te in .it 

Iciint a briKht nide now that In m contrant with the uncertain' 
an<I .-itr'-ny of mind they endured when their friend* were lb' 
an! tlhly way could they reiirh. c«>mfort. or aid them. 

Mils. H. C. DKVKNDOUF. 
Ih' UecemlH-r 10. U78. 



awaken remlnlnceiuen of ; 
AfttT n|>endlnK a day 



I .. t I V .• 

t«Ty" \\ 
him lie 
but on<- 
a n>"»' 
th. 
an<l 



A» <H«' for our 
rmi'mn 44:26. 



PRISON PSALMS. 
No. 1. 
h'lp. and redrem uk for Thy mercy's mike.— 



lleaxeidy Father, we adore Thoo, 
h» 'ifflbtlon fall tiefore Ther. 
Iltiinbly iHtw and nuppll<ate. 
'I'ttiritlnR Thou wilt RUlde our fute. 



To Thee. O. Lonl. our nlnn confcMi. 
All our irulle and wickednenn. 
Ami i*omc to Thei*. now weiik and |KM>r. 
Asking alms. )/>rd, at Jhy dogr! 



A; 

Unahfllcrv'i li.Lu j-riaoxi tuaL 

M. ' • ' • r. 

HI- 

\Vt; .,. ...... ....irtN. 

All luve of <t<Kl an<l man departs. 

Kc«n4»ii too horriil f. 

of nlchtly |>lun<t-r >; 

T«»o horrid for \ 

c »r h<»arts not \ • hy. 

||«m\'i»nly rufhor, Thnu knowrst the sin. 

Ai: - -- . .^. 

T> and Thou caniit irlvo: 

%Vf wi.ii.K I ji.-.- I iiri.r. thai we live! 

T»' '"^ -••• ' •"- '•'■■•' ♦'•• "'^ 

8 iftn: 

y<- ... . - y. 

WhAt c«n we better do than pray? 

Pmy nnd lift our t' 

In ho|>4>. and fnlth. I love. 

Have uii from thr wll.ii «>( mu, 

Purify the man within! 

And from dlsense our bodies save 
1^ ' •' ' -ivc! 

<» , " " : 

r>rli\.T fr..lii afni. li..i. H l.iri. 
T m; 

I. 'UK. 

Tr>uvtt iitvii U»« w*ys of |»«i«c« eftt lonff! 

It 

h ain. 

t; ^t. 

/noifrsonvlllr ^;...i...; t...^.... ,>.., ; ./. <•..:> 19, 1IC4. 



20« rimoNirLKS OF A WAU rUISoNKK. 

No. 2. 
For ho nhall rUc HIii nnjr^l* charjcc to kc^p thee In all thy 
wayH. - PivilmH 91 : 11. 

I^>n!. Thou hf^«t h«»<»n our flwofUntr ! 

Slur.' Ti 
.^liH- Nat 



1 :.• 1. 

From iiiUHic rinipi 

« tf • . . 

tth Thv jKiwor Is nil supremo. 
Rway: 
Wkv the beam 

;n«l Thy throne 
bllHR. 
ippler xone 

From their hriRht elyMlan bowem 

"*' • ' ' ly race, 

■we«»l flowem 

' not oft 

ft. 



It th««yM Hatlnfy our wanti* 

I >ii. llu III .1 I.:' I . U.1 



If 'tuiTc not t ntortnl colla 

A. ..I I I 1. .1. 

A In 

Y«-l liikilnl out 

Wh.H tfl.Nt 
W- HI I, hUl, 

To • 



CHRONICLEH OF A WAR PRIBONFTR. :p; 

Thry krrp ua In our better way, 

T> .'-»->. ^v .v« .r.l ,.<» «^ 1^^ 

Tr .mt ruy 

At 

Thry MNPk to c. ^ In love 

And heal our • Kht: — 

Thi're'ii rejolclns tu ih«- %%urlii nbove. 

When iilnnrrs turn to light. 

Rut there are tboae whose aln and wo« 

T* ■ . 

»s« . , I ... 
And mo we . 

Th..lr . ..• 



O. raise the veil from thin •lim i«t.lirr«. 

And let me l«>ok tx :■ 
And to my rnv. rn ir 

Their vol 



O. let Ih^lr 

My I 

To )oli> 

Ood'f 

lllltary Priaon. Ai 



No. 3. 



I've almoat wlahe*) that I iraa d^ad 

Not :..-nd. 

Nor who0« roocti Iian4« prepare my bod. 

|v. ..I, 

\'. 

A 
Fi'i eol: 

In lh« Uc^lUly r«ul(» la acvk r«lr«at. 

O. ' 

A rtd «trtr« 

Th t iiuir all luij'iliicJLi uf llf*. 



204 CHftoNlCLE^ IRIBONKR. 

AikI from this botulucv m-vk r«*leam* 
Ami ifo where love and Joy ir>' '• ■ — • 



And then I've t» "»•• ' i..- 

Thin world !>• 

'!•>. ..♦ II in Is 

A 

A: •• free; 

Thought of all bo dear to me. 

Of many a happy, peaceful day. 

Of lovlnff friends, far. far away 
And knew their hearts did yearn for me*. 
Then hoped that soon I might be free. 

Then I thought to die would not be sweet. 

ImprlHoned. exiled, and opproHned; 

To tile unheard of and unhlcMHed 
And all my fondest hopes defeat; 
My life would seem too incomplete. 

And I've resolved to struggle still. 

Strive not to faint and not to tire. 

O'er lowering peaks still looking higher. 
TruMting In God's m<»8t holy will 
To make me strong to brook each ill. 

Is there no happiness below? 

Should I deplore my birthright here? 

Who knows the Joy for every tear? 
O! Who should fear to live and do 
The work to Ood and men we owe? 

Swift rush the currents to the sea. 

And clouds come lowering orr the way. 
The <lust of worlds In carnal fray; 

And now I trust, but scum' «.iti ncn, 

A higher growing destin> 

I trufft. I hope. I almost know 

It Is the coming of the I^»rd. 

II In chariots through the centuries heard, 
leavening the sodden world below; 
To prepare the way Ills armies go. 



niRONICLKfl OP A WAR PRISONER. 207 

O. I ^ 

of wrote. 



*1 1 I ; I i <■• ■ I' Ml I n 1 I *\ n ,111 I I !■ II t>P^y. 

AiMlrnmiivlllr. (12a.) Military Piioon. Aucutt C. 18<l. 

No. 4. 
o. Tt. •• before, 

A T-.. 

\v • t« adore. 

U. luiu lo Thcc In d.uk«,al day 
Knowing not the way! 



In pHaon 


cast. 


afnioted 


■or*. 




Whr- 


1. .... 


..f 


...1 


• fs be 


found, 


With 








•or. 




w.- 








-iiid. 




In Th 






ir 


rcIooM. 




only 




. 









I^rir f!n>-n of utiffrHnfr r^'"'***^ nway, 

I >• 

•111 rmveo. 
N thrown. 

A I'gfil jijoju.-r.T.iriiy mi"!.**. 



.» 1 -i.-i^ 



! lame. 



Ulke nils .ht<t frvm th« aun. 

It wn- 
T«» pen; 

T 1 

•mon; — 

r. 

'1 '. inrn forth 

.. .... ..- — worse than dcad:^- 



208 CHRONICLES OF A WAU I'KISmNKR. 

nnd men of worth. 
: prime the life-glow fled. 
Ml isf filth aiil \« rniln. spite of pride. 
As tlK-y had lived they died. 

Ah! We hnd hoped to see no more 
Of such dark woe. and yet we feared; 

But it la here, e'en at the door 
To blast the thought forlorn hopes cheered. 

SUM we are prisoners and the foe 

Will not, will not let us go. 

Yes, these hard trials come anew. 

And famine stares us In the face; 
Horrors thicken 'round the place 

Making and and dark our view. 
Yet, dear I>t»rd. we look to Thee 
For our salvation free. 

Deliver us, good God. we pray. 
From the hands of bitter foes 

Who seem delighted by our woes; — 
O. hasle deliverance day I 

•TIs hard to linger thuH dlslressed. 

Though trusting, yet unblessed. 

Unblessed except in faith in Thee. 

Knowing Thou rulest o'er all. Most High! 
K'en though we faint, and rot and die. 
A bird so worthy of Thy note? 

The fall of sparrows Thou dost see? 
From Thee am I remote? 

Thanks and praise unto Thy name, 

O, Great and Holy One! 
We bow contritely at T^^ f)ir..n« 

Whence all life and I 
Keep us from famine i 
lie with us as with those of old. 

Purge our hearts from sin. good Qod! 

A fid pe«»! fh«»m wHh Thy seal; 
'i lorn in Thy rod 

< 'It ' y^ixA, 

Oft I 1 

unitary Prison, i i^mvuv-. t-. » , .-• j i* n.Wcr. 1864. 



CIIRoNirLKK OK A WAIl I'llIHi iNKIl. 

No. S. 

I^nd m<*. Pitlhrr. holdinic by Thy hAn«l. 
I oak not whither: for It muat t>* on." 

M.i<-l»<HinM. 



TrUU .!nrk 


nfnfi-tfnnw wnn* 






Hnvr 












Hut '! 












An lf>' 










ii:h. 


Ily fi 












T^ 










1. 


'1 










1 nbyffii 


1- 
•I 










n foc«. 


<■ 










•<•. 


FYom Ollrail Mount < 


ilt.i 






To Jrsr<*f i 


val.-. 


with 


f 




•1. 


I)iji<«-rul to 


th. 






.iii 




\\ fw.in Ihr 


IX)r 






hia 


hand. 


'N'Mkth an oak 










Thrrc oat i 


nn 










Mow oft \^ 










!. 


Thouirh t- 












I' V 
1 












At. I nn, u . 


It 11 x r- 


1 .1... . 


- » » • ' • > 


tii.i 


I .».. 


Oo«I of hca 


vrn* 


MMin 


may nor. 





O. rive uii fnlth. br It our ffutdc. 



•••I T> tri'- xK.' 

•nil rino. 



Confederate Miiilary I'ri«un. tlorence. 8. C^ October. IHi. 



210 CHR(>Niri.E8 OF A WAR PRIHONER. 

No. 6. 

CJixl of our fathers! O. Ood of nil! 

In Th«e we live forevcrmore. 
In nil our henrtn iiwcet peace Inntall. 

And Miuke us welcome at Thy door. 

KorjrIve each soul that wronKly stept. 

That It Bhall seek the rlRhtful way. 
If In the wrong our nplritfl nlept. 

Awake them by Thy heavenly ray. 

Thy merclei! send our lot to bleBs: — 

We feel that e'en this woeful place 
Thou fillest with Thy rljchteousncHS 

And lightest with Thy holy grace. 

For In our hearts doth still abide 
Thy word of truth, and light, and cheer. 

And whatsoe'er may us betide 

We'll trust Thy goodness still, nor fear. 

Here weak with i^aln and gaunt our frames, 

-•' ' 'ling In this earthly blight; 

we chill, thpn feverish flames 
: .;■ by day. disturb by night. 

\, ' .very heart In Thee may trust 

To free our souls from every taint; 
We know Thou lovest. Thou art Just. 
That Thou «loHt hold us when we faint. 
Flon-nce. (8. ('.) Omfedrrate Military Prison, November S. 1864. 

(These tM>ems, written ns Indicated by dates, are Inserted In 
• Itfrreiice to the opinions of a frw frl<«nds.] 
OF FAR AWAY. 

The dreary winds come murmuring on 

,\ t I Im I )<•• ..M t<. .....Ik r.i .r 



And shadows thicken round the d«K>r 
Where I h-ivn sat nt noon's bright my. 
And I ' those now all the moro; 

Who luippy then and gay. 

For I uiii iuJ and fur away. 



.**v wN'irt.RB OK A WAR rriii»«>NRifi. 

Thi» rVkihlr houa*. Ha wlntlowa low. 

T ICO 

T. 

(>: <hlii lnff*iit! 

T» 

\\ ! Uftt 

At •. 

All haunt my thoushta thia lono twilight. 



Thi- n • 




watering t>l»c<*. 


Thf !>. 






Thr nt 


H. that •' 


face. 


In muur 


no dry II 




Tf 




i!. 1 t>aro<I; 


T> 






Tt 




• 


N. 






A. 


. . 


- . tiA 



anc*. 



The cold wi^t win.l hwim-j.* 'cross th« field 

And o*rr the old 

The fnmt-bll I**.. ..-nee ylHd 

l*nto th«* Autunut M kvs.4>: 

Th*« "rrhfir-lw \mr^ thut bloomed In May. 

\\ ) v%'S fall. 

TK 

An«l I • 'i ^ r>'- T i'^ n. r wall; 

These • lonclnff thoughts recall 

Light steps upon the kitchen floor! 

Th«' < i««f<rti Ht-.ut I tn.in t>> hfiir 

W ! 

Ms .r, 

A' 

M' te: 

A r; 

M 

Tl e. 

Now. sitting by her be«lroom door 



And h«r brww mt^tnm worti with 



*'HR«»NirLF:« OF A ,, ... . ,...^. ..ill, 

Hh*» fif»-»ik« nf th»«H» t\m\r to her heart, 
< »f AM not where: 

< ►? hf»rtl to part. 

AiKi irorii n< r ••v.-m Iimtm i»flen Utarl. 

N«- * ' ' . ,.,j, „j^h. 

Tv .Ml. 

SI. ky 

Llk<> curtiilnii noftly 

Thi-y Kiifh' t r.-und t! )>onril — 

My (tit) \ \\ti» iilwiiyH free: 

Who w ii Rhnre the riche* stored 

lly <llnl of viriutiuji induntry: 

IIuw Kiadly would they Hhure with me! 

Hut the 8un will rise and set affuln. 

Ik ■ !io\v many tlinoH it will: 

N- fo»c and ch«'«Tl«-»«H rain 

\Vj.. ....... ..lid fall uiKiU the hill; 

Thf Villi- bflow may flow and fill. 
And wintrr hhowh as they have been. 
And 1 m.iy be here still. 
W:i?i;m thin rold and dreary den: 

• l«»ml>. a hell of men. 

;.iry Prlnon. Novrmhrr, 18(4. 

PILGRIMAGE. 

•'liHTli 1 haH lt« Koldcn charms. 

UK throuKh the maxe. 
■ )it of it I know dimirms 
i It.- tuifS of later days. 

AS i»f verdant morn, 
t April showers, 
u iK.- ft '.111 uh mold the icerm forlorn 
Ami lift the hiipplest flowers. 

The warm sun comes, the warm brixht sun. 

\,,.« .11 n... .» .V II -i,in«.s 
1 sky run 

••9. 

I>ay light ffone. the twilight come 
Then c«M»ler, darker shades: 



A» mill Afi iii'-i.-i !K.«..ip. 

.y.t I . , ..1..,. !>,•.. L-nili-r I N-;ir. 

A 

T<io ir<'ntl« for ihi* •> 

V ;,•• I llK»»t 

PiiNturMi rrren i»r«» rrown mor«» irrern. 

. «»t iM»r«»ni» 



in 



^ 1 to rent. 

Hn\%f (ivrt*; \*l»**U Kruvvji nml hlifh. 

M thr ftlr. 

, u: louTi Mi>- i.i.Miaunui fair 
t aicainMt the Willi. 



Th*n lullii Ihr morm. Ih^ drwiry plorm. 



*p»... ..if.a)!!!!.. >-ritlti-N .tif.kin .liT.lln 

In 

itwl ffruin 
tiAme from ilivir wiilwry b*tl». 

) trnrm^r irn»w. 



Th** fruit ln»r<- 

llavv Iwuffbl tliL-ir ki^hI KUiii* 



4 rnn<>NU'I.KS OF A W\ it. 

Th* ftir In rich with »v. 
liome to the evening sfclps. 

And • 'o there Is a beam 

Of and love: 

Th«' Hiuriiis ihat once did ndveme »eem. 

Have helped to lift above. 

The sprlnir of life, the summer come. 
The hnrvents' Riorious show; 

I would my life were such a tome 
For all the wIndM mlsht blow. 

I would It were?— oh. may it be! 

Would I be siMired the lore 
That makes the spirit truly free 

When Its pilgrimage Is o'er? 

No; I must toll from door to door, 

Nor lay aside my staff, 
Nor think my day's toll Is all o'er 

While yet unfinished half. 

The angel, that I seek afar. 
Throws open wide her <loor. 

And becks me on from star to star. 
And amiling will no more. 

r»ft clouds grow dark and rough the way, 

lietlmes I cannot see. 
And I have sighed, ah, many a day. 

Hard Is the lot for me. 

Then lulle<l the storms that rolliMl al»ove: 
There glows a In-am more fjilr; 

1 stronger grow In my swe«'t love 
K'en fainting with des|mlr. 

O. shall that Paradlsal hour 
K'rr gr»M«t my panting s- •' 

Wlu-n like a full nmtur<><l f, 
I shall have ^Ined the k 

nut the angel sought If far away. 

Hits smiling at her gates. 
And nayn to me: "This Is lh«» way;" 

And watrhrs. chides ■ ■*. 

ndemonvllle. (So,, Military Prison. J : se4. 



t*llll<»Niri«Kh VAK PRlMoNKIL :1S 

APPENDIX. 

CONFEDERATE TESTIMONY. 
Statement of Dr Jorct Pr-,fr%%or in the Mcd'cal Collerjc of Georgia 



l.y 



l>-»jj. • li.u>. 1 U.Hc Uaj .if th.it Tv- 

IHtrt y^^^ r<ir frunkni>iiii In ^ truth, and 



of 

!)C1 
ill 

.-•r 

to thP ! -Ml 

' hfrh ha ichl 

'. iix. l>t. JoiiiN h- It wua 111 Uich- 

r fhA htirrora nt A lie; ao It la ln- 

authorlUcji wtit: coffiilxAnt of the 



fir. 



••n 
..f 
'II 
th 

■• t?i.- HUTK ! II. 

Htatca Mllttnry r|. 



""•f* 



. HRONiri-FIS (>y A WAU riUSONER. 

After deacriblnir the constructive features of the prison which 
•re ! 

ren of the stockade Ke<lenil priv 

" •' '" - ^f life. • • • 

•. until In the 

• ,,f rr<ii|nf| to 

Th«»».- 

IlKhl 

than It wns; for n C' i of land nlonf( the 

•r V.rtw^nK from west ' . • hills, was low and 

s covered with t- x«. i«*u»eia, uimI rendered unlnhnblta- 

«• for every puri»ose except fh'*f of doforallon. 

• • • trees were left In th i their 

rhamcter >-tr>' and Ingenuity. th«- .•d for 

ats and caves, a: ••! t.. sni.-ii them- 

in and sun and i ;s. • • • In the 

• • no order ■ ;.. imve t>een followed; 

ut of th- In so cn>wde<l an area; 

••'' "^ ' • '■^- from lime to time 

si_ • • • 

<'overe<l the surface 

with excrements. The smks over the lower i»or- 

were lm|>erfe<t In plan. The volume of water 

to wash away the feces, and as they accum- 

♦Mf*>«» In th*» lower port'on of the stream as to 

Heavy • ssed the stream 

for thp ; ' lh«» lnrT«»ns*Ml 

■ ■■ ■ .1 

< '.\ .m-T x I T riir* 

.•nient exclti .1 ilf- 

'". • • • Ah,,. ,... ,,,,..,.iH were 

• want of exercise. lmpro|MT dift, Mcur\ > 

th<V \Si-T.' Un.liili' ti» .X.i. U.il.- t>.. M ).,,:•. 



U*- Hi*k ami Instifftrient. From the 



1 has been Insufficient 



proper police and hyylenlc regulations It 



ff'Wi 



CHRf)NIOLK8 nP A WAR PRI84>NEIL 217 



r.l t l-ll t.. \...l...-^ II.. 1 ...... . I..... ,,f 



ria to t! 



1 N.rioiislv ill r,..!. r.ilM i,, thi 





1 ii» 

mm- 


chroiilc «l>m»nU'ry. 


:... lying 

. iMlllt 


un«I«>r 

.it 'ho 



t>l#ry. «n#1 ifnnrr*»n«» w«t*» pr^vnlllr;? 



' '.I ' I'-' I \> I I II .1 I) I Ml I 1 

y hnnd. in lUI lU 



riTRrvvirT.ipp op a war prisoner. 

xlon. piil«» Kumii. f*»<»bl«». 
in. nnd fflU\ brcnth. to 
nky. dirty, i nwollen fwituren. ir^*' »-'" 

Ilv!1 funiC" -*. Uk^h^ tcr'th Of f!*»Tn ' ' ' 

with U> . and iH't<M » 

r<n<! ha: \iri»mUlfi«. "i 

^ ciiiuil.s. Aj.J lurK*. HI 
a dnrk purpllfih fiitiK' 
-. M rif ncurvy tho pnrotM i 
an to i»rerlude entirely l! 

'*->}. • • • Severe i.,.,,,^ .>., . 
. Bwelllnicii in varioun pnrtn. et*\ 
• •M>|>anied with Btlffnens and < 
"^leii. often prevontlnic the : 
irtil. • • • I obnerved lu; 
•*. and nprendlnfc scorbutic ulcers, which hnd super- 
sllKht injuries. The scorbutic ulcers presented a dark, 
funicold, elevated surface, with livid swollen edices. and 
n thin, fetid, sanious fluid, instead of pus. Many ulcers 
• 1 from the scorbutic condition of the syt«tem be- 
i». • • • From the crowded, filthy condition. 



' ondltlon ' 


'heir sys- 


it the s 


• II of ih«' 


.1 M,,... i-ff»M tji of i ... 


• • '• of :i 


»r a mosquito bite, in - 




♦'"M and Ranicrene. 1.. 


^ ;-.... .1.-- 



•rult are the chief causes of s<nirvy. 

ry and the bread furnished the prls- 

found that they were supplle<l almost entirely with 

froi^ which the husk had not been sepiirated. This 

as an Irritant to the alimentary canal, without adding 

• • • I strongly urice<l the preimratlon of l.irico 

idf from the row's an<I calves' heads with the 

to which a lib«Tal supply of sweet p»»tatoes 

t been advai ' adde<l. The material 

•• for the pr- of such soup In larire 

'■' additiojuii . \, . t H... 8uch ' ■ ' i 

. rnitritlou«*. but it would 

. . . .^. :.t for t) . .. ...oval of the s«... . 

r>n. n th«« St under several 1<> 

!»•••. 1 two f; h were open on 

'-. or upon surh ranire.! > 

• 'Idlnic or even straw.. • 
tb*>iM> i*b«-<lH iM it • II my (*hronlcle In Auirust). 

"The hacKord. l cniuntenances of these miserable. 

»mplalninf. dejected, living skeletona. crying for medical aid and 



1»F A WAIl 1'U1HmM:i( ;ij 



,» t. 



;• • • • IK>«Mltr^J I" 

i# w^lfnr«» of th#«lr ft- 



t-n 



t.i.r J vv ■ - • - 1 ! .e..l to 

b« th« r- rvl«««n«M a: f nui. 



220 CHRONIOLK- WAIt riCISONKIl. 

!h«« WftUt of 
. uno f»f fiyn- 

l' .1 

. r 1 

fn. 

'• ■• ■' •» • « «• - - ■> ••' •• •'! lo <!e- 

pn M huvf 

L.-. htiionil 

ir. 

with olil tent cloth iin<l bUKh»'M. nituiitfU in Ihtr •uuth- 

(-nrrrr of thf» hM5j>ttMl grroundn. When a patient die*. 

t In front of his tent, until he Is 

tullorl to carry off the dead: If a 

. itll the mornlnir. and 

I for hourn In thei»o 

tii.- ...rj.s.M ii.- ujHjn the biire ground. 

h an«l vermin. 

ter Five la- 

I .1 n.- u .-»■.■ ! ' ... ; ,; . : ::. ^ "( 

- were de(>endent In errcat measure 

• if the lenti* wii» foul In the extreme. The entlrt» 
lfr*» ; '•*'! rt Trin«»»r>ii?« f1tt«KUHtlnfic nmell. I entered nearly 

nil • ! cn»es of InlcreHt. e.ipeclally raiieM 

of V it Ion <»f my )>atholo(cical Inquiries 

•t lunlty lo jud^ correctly 



of I 



men I. 
I from !»• 

> smoke ami ftlih tliui they resembled ne^o< 
tnon • • • 

'■" 1st of March to the Slst of n 
42. C"- . u'ountiM WiTe retw>rted Vo c! . 



riinoNICLEh A An PRI 221 

.ul Uun'- fiKUf't, Urge as 



from 1 I 



(If t 

dru ' ' 

nun . UaiiiMk lU>« 



klnda. and cti« concvnirntion or ti<>xi<iufi ••rrim 
Mit Conctuftionft. 
t mortal • 
mill n ftt A 

rauM*«. ui U' 
••Th«» rhi. 



an Important aztant tn ita onvin an4 con ul 

■ •■.«. 



tlotmry. :ri 

eaa<*« «•' :ii 

thr attU iKUtvy 1 wjim 

flu. . ly. and the >ia and 



212 CHRONICLES OF A WAR PRISONER. 

flhr. B wer« ftlmont ir s,.nt. From the 

wat f the bloo<!. th«T» wn iierou* cffUfl- 



unlvemally present, • • • 

"The fact that jmnRrene appeared In the stockade first, and 
oritrlnated si>ontaneou»Iy without previous contnirlon. and oc- 
curre<! si>ora«JlcAny all over the stockade and prison hospital, was 
proof positive that this disejise will arine whenever th«' conditions 
nf rrowiIliiR. filth foul nlr and had diet are prpsent. The exhala- 
^ fmni t) h.'ir ef- 

* to a c- ^. The 

' ,;••[•• .iiii'iiii; tii'x«- (•! 1 M Tui ?^ .il>i <-.( I "• I ii'.iriy to de- 

•' jitiite c»f the ifenenil Hyuii-ni induced by diet, and 

.,... i,>fi.i..,,,-..M. The rapliiity of the appearance and 

!«-d uiK>n the j>owers and state of the 

ifon the intensity of poison In the at- 

mos|>here. or upon the direct application of poisonous matter to 

rh.. '.v.,iin«!ed surface. This was further illustrated by the fact that 

or a disease resembling It In all essential respects, at- 

f- Intestinal canal of |»atientH laborinic under ulceration 

• .f M. althouRh there were no local manifestations of 

Icai . M the surface of the body. This mode of termination 

In I '.an fjulte common in the foul atmosphere of 

the ^ Military Hospital, in the depressed, de- 

pravj < •>i,ii; 1.", i.i I (ii- system of Kodi'ral prisoners. 

*'A scorbutic roMdltli»n of the system ni»peare«l to favor the 

..rii-ii, ,,r r,.,ii 111. .., .J uhich fre«iuently took on RanRrene. Hcur>'y 

ly existed In the mtme indivlduid. In such 

with veRetable acids, would remove the 

scorbutic condition without curinR the RnnRrene. • • • As In 

Th** present case of Andersonville. so also in past times when med- 

hyRlene was almost entirely noRlecte<l. those two diseases 

nlmo«t universally ass'»ciated in crow<led ships. In many 

"ry difficult to decide whether the ulcer was a simple 

vy or of the artioit of prison RanRrene. f€»r there was 

irr...i MM lit my In the appearanc* of ulcers In the two dls«'aseft 



*"' - ■ ' - •» • ' "tn foul atmosphere amuptaT ,c!. 

fre. . ,,o. did no Rood that th«» 

"^' . .':om it. and from prevailinR i-"., u-.u- 

inary roe41cln«« di^ no good owing to bad conditions. 



thnf In i> 



CHHONICLKS OF A WAR PRIBONm. 

■« upon tv 

nt was 



221 



■ 1 xi» IW- IHH <ll 



fi tiilm-rv ivtltn l..iillv t>'r 



t 

t 

r 

t 
» 

laiiof) «'r ti..- rvj:. 
prisoneni.** 

The lajil I 



tnrn uf 

fH> tin- 



• In i.ii'tiMt) or ;it 
of an rxruiM* for any 
irfan* lt» the trralmrnl «»f 



FD'TORq rOMMFNT<; 



death." ?■ 
offlcal r 

In * 



month to month of the proportion of 
r iivinc \B Intprmtlnff. Ftocta taken from the 



I. 

lied. 

> Ihr*"^' dirtl. 

of thU horror r>fH nnr on* «»v«»r 



putN the total number 



I€ rimoNK'LKS OF A WAR I'HISoNKR. 

EDITOR'S LAST SAY. 
Whnt b4»tler cnn ho jt!»l.l uf l*I<»rfuce and several other Con- 
sJcrate milltnr>' prl«onii? 

The sutldon denth of Winder ns he wan entertnfr n banquet - 
Iff lent for officers at Anderwonvllle the evening of January 1. 
865. doubtleM saved him from the fate that later overtook WIrx. 
nd If Davis had been tried as an accessory to the fact, what 
; been his end? In fact, were not WIrx. Winder, and olh«TM 
• rles, and was not the principal at Kli hmond. as Mr. Hlatnc 
t,^ U? 



ADDENDA. 

Tho i|untation on pup* 1*20 oMcipfd imM.f r.;idiii;: ;iii«l w;is not 
r«*<lit<*d. It Hhould rt'u*!: 

S«-«-inic loo much Mdnrwi \uut conjcculwl your blood 
Arid mvloncholy in thr nur«t« of flrvnay. 

• ••••• 

Framr yoor tnln«l lo mirth •lul morrimrni. 
Whieh bar* « thonaarul hurms Mfxl Ivnifthcn* lire. 

hhiikm|M'«r». 

The word •M.orrllla,** for thr uh4* Intondod, should havp Imhmi 
p««ll««<l "tSu««rrilU.** A f««w i»thi?r HiijchI orn»rH «>m'up«Hl attiMition 
II pr<Kif rorroolioii. 

6 

R 1) - 9 4 



rilRONirLKII op A WAR PRIBONFm. 

INDEX. 

r' 3 

f 

3 

'3 

.»/? 

?.» 

37 

fi 

Inc. ft 

7Q 

hi ^.» 

.S'l'... . .' Oir.^iirti S^ 

Arrivf at >3 

Pri ■■■ ^ r>o 

St 64 

Is 69 

/^«' 73 

Pr 7Q 

Pr S2 

<jo 
..97 

<JQ-lOt 
. . lOJ 

'04 

/05 

foq 

tio 

iruouiTs jrt'imincc spring — Deyo. 113 



221 CHRONirLKS oF A WAR PRISONER. 

Interesting Records and Comtnentt t r^ 

AVjf A/ of Jubilee 

Girls With True Southern Hearts ; - > 

Home seekers' Excursion in Dixie I ?S 

ExSorthcrn Man, Ft. tji 

Arriie at l-lorcr.t' /.?.< 

Prisoners Ot, 

s\'ine Days' .S • 

Ttvo Remarkable Speeches... 

Why Rebels Want ./r r • 

Uncle Abe's Enemy r.: 

Da^is and ll'tndcr 

History Stud-fs. Etc 

I'ote for . !—A Erosty Wiue. 

Barrett's : u Order 

On to Charleston — Hcmeivard PoUnd . 

Concluding Sketches from Diary /<>; 

Poem, Lincoln io6 

Visited Clara Hart on 

Pound Her Brother's Cr^^rr 

Prison Psalms ....... • » • 

Of Ear Away Jio 

Pilf^rimage ^/ ? 

Confederate Testimony ^/S 

Editor's Comments j^jt 

As Seen by Senator Blaine. . . »> M 

Editor's Last Sav *X) 



f*«».»lfal./.f.j 



I' 

ii'BDQKK£££ER 




Uf- L/UNvjnt